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Map of Saudi Arabia with Jizan highlighted
|• Governor||Prince Muhammad bin Nasr|
|• Deputy Governor||Muhammad bin Abdulaziz bin Muhammad bin Abdulaziz|
|• Total||11,671 km2 (4,506 sq mi)|
|• Density||130/km2 (350/sq mi)|
Jazan Region also spelled Jizan (Arabic: جيزان, romanized: Jizan) is the second smallest (after Al Bahah) region of Saudi Arabia. It stretches 300 km (190 mi) along the southern Red Sea coast, just north of Yemen. It covers an area of 11,671 km² and has a population of 1,567,547 at the 2017 census. The region has the highest population density in the Kingdom. The capital is the city of Jizan; Muhammad bin Nasser bin Abdulaziz is the current Governor.
The region includes over 100 islands in the Red Sea. Jizan Economic City is a mega project that is planned to boost the economy of the region and make it part of the Saudi economic growth. The Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia's first conservation protected area, is home to migratory birds from Europe in winter.
The region divides into three parts.
- The Al-Sarawat mountains inland, which rise to about 3,000 metres.
- The Alhazoun forest district consists of forest broken by some areas of rich pasture.
- The plains are noted for the production of coffee beans, cereal grain crops (barley, millet and wheat) and fruit (apples, bananas, grapes, mangoes, papayas, plums and citrus varieties).
Though the climate on the highlands is similar to the relatively wetter climate of 'Asir, the coastal regions of Jazan province are part of Tihamah, probably the hottest place in the country, with mean maximum temperatures ranging from 40 °C (104 °F) in July to 31 °C (88 °F) in January. High humidity from coastal lagoons makes the climate even less bearable than it would be otherwise. Rainfall is extremely low at less than 75 millimetres (3 inches) per year. Sabya is located in the center between the mountain and the beach.
15 September 2004
|Census (Preliminary 2010)||Census (2017)|
|Abu Arish||أبو عريش||123,943||196,462|
|Ahad Almasarihah||أحد المسارحة||70,038||109,866|
For centuries, the inhabitants have been Shia Muslims.
The Arabic language is spoken by over 90% of the inhabitants. Parts of Jizan is claimed to be part of Yemen by many Yemenis. It was occupied by Saudi Arabia during the Saudi–Yemeni War (1934) and Imam Yahya suspended Yemen's claim to the region in the treaty of Taif. Though many Yemenis continued to claim Jizan until the issue was settled formally and finally in the Saudi-Yemeni border agreement of 2000.
In 2019, the Saudi Government allocated $213 million to implement water and environmental projects in the region. Such projects include, installing a sewage treatment line, sewage network, sewage connections for households, and a station for pumping.
- "Population Characteristics surveys" (PDF). General Authority for Statistics. 2017.
- "Jazan Economic City Quarter Report" (PDF). Rcjy.gov.sa. 2017.
- Saudi Arabia: Regions and Cities
- "Detailed results of JAZAN (general population and housing census 2010-2010)" (PDF). General Authority for Statistics. Archived from the original on
- "Population Characteristics surveys 2017" (PDF). General Authority of Statistics.
- Schmitz, Charles; Burrowes, Robert D. (25 October 2017). Historical Dictionary of Yemen. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 269. ISBN 9781538102336.
- "Saudi Arabia implements environmental projects in Jazan worth over $200m". Arab News. 15 April 2019. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
- S.I. Bruk, Narody Peredney Azii (1960);
- S.I. Bruk, and V. S. Apenchenko, Atlas Narodov Mira (Moscow: Academy of Science, 1964)
- A. Gabriel, Religionsgeographie von Persien (Vienna, 1971).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jizan Province.|
- A travel through the province of Jizan, Splendid Arabia: A travel site with photos and routes