Jazan Region

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Coordinates: 17°30′N 42°30′E / 17.500°N 42.500°E / 17.500; 42.500

Jazan

جازان
Map of Saudi Arabia with Jizan highlighted
Map of Saudi Arabia with Jizan highlighted
CapitalJizan
Boroughs14
Government
 • GovernorPrince Muhammad bin Nasr
 • Deputy GovernorMuhammad bin Abdulaziz bin Muhammad bin Abdulaziz
Area
 • Total11,671 km2 (4,506 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total1,567,547
 • Density130/km2 (350/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2
09

Jazan Region also spelled Jizan (Arabic: جيزان‎, romanizedJizan) is the second smallest (after Al Bahah) region of Saudi Arabia. It stretches 300 km (190 mi) along the southern Red Sea coast, just north of Yemen. It covers an area of 11,671 km² and has a population of 1,567,547 at the 2017 census[1]. The region has the highest population density in the Kingdom. The capital is the city of Jizan; Muhammad bin Nasser bin Abdulaziz is the current Governor.

The region includes over 100 islands in the Red Sea. Jizan Economic City is a mega project that is planned to boost the economy of the region and make it part of the Saudi economic growth[2]. The Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia's first conservation protected area, is home to migratory birds from Europe in winter.

Geography[edit]

The region divides into three parts.

  • The Al-Sarawat mountains inland, which rise to about 3,000 metres.
  • The Alhazoun forest district consists of forest broken by some areas of rich pasture.
  • The plains are noted for the production of coffee beans, cereal grain crops (barley, millet and wheat) and fruit (apples, bananas, grapes, mangoes, papayas, plums and citrus varieties).

Though the climate on the highlands is similar to the relatively wetter climate of 'Asir, the coastal regions of Jazan province are part of Tihamah, probably the hottest place in the country, with mean maximum temperatures ranging from 40 °C (104 °F) in July to 31 °C (88 °F) in January. High humidity from coastal lagoons makes the climate even less bearable than it would be otherwise. Rainfall is extremely low at less than 75 millimetres (3 inches) per year. Sabya is located in the center between the mountain and the beach.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1992865,961—    
20041,187,587+2.67%
20101,374,845+2.47%
20181,603,659+1.94%
source:[3]

Sub-divisions[edit]

The region is sub-divided into 14 governorates as follows[4][5]:

Jazan's Governorates
Name Native name Census
15 September 2004
Census (Preliminary 2010) Census (2017)
Abu Arish أبو عريش 123,943 196,462
Alddair الدائر 49,239 58,325
Alddarb الدرب 52,062 70,740
Ahad Almasarihah أحد المسارحة 70,038 109,866
Alaridah العارضة 62,841 76,033
Alaydabi العيدابي 52,515 61,043
Alharth الحرث 47,073 23,496
Alraith الريث 13,406 19,022
Baish بيش 58,269 77,406
Damad ضمد 62,366 71,256
Farasan فرسان 13,962 18,015
Jizan جازان 255,340 163703
Sabya صبياء 198,086 227,519
Samtah صامطة 128,447 201,959
Total Province 1,187,587 1,374,845 1,567,547

Ethnography[edit]

For centuries, the inhabitants have been Shia Muslims.

The Arabic language is spoken by over 90% of the inhabitants. Parts of Jizan is claimed to be part of Yemen by many Yemenis. It was occupied by Saudi Arabia during the Saudi–Yemeni War (1934) and Imam Yahya suspended Yemen's claim to the region in the treaty of Taif. Though many Yemenis continued to claim Jizan until the issue was settled formally and finally in the Saudi-Yemeni border agreement of 2000.[6]

Environmental projects[edit]

In 2019, the Saudi Government allocated $213 million to implement water and environmental projects in the region. Such projects include, installing a sewage treatment line, sewage network, sewage connections for households, and a station for pumping.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population Characteristics surveys" (PDF). General Authority for Statistics. 2017.
  2. ^ "Jazan Economic City Quarter Report" (PDF). Rcjy.gov.sa. 2017.
  3. ^ Saudi Arabia: Regions and Cities
  4. ^ "Detailed results of JAZAN (general population and housing census 2010-2010)" (PDF). General Authority for Statistics. Archived from the original on |archive-url= requires |archive-date= (help).
  5. ^ "Population Characteristics surveys 2017" (PDF). General Authority of Statistics.
  6. ^ Schmitz, Charles; Burrowes, Robert D. (25 October 2017). Historical Dictionary of Yemen. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 269. ISBN 9781538102336.
  7. ^ "Saudi Arabia implements environmental projects in Jazan worth over $200m". Arab News. 15 April 2019. Retrieved 15 April 2019.

Further reading[edit]

  • S.I. Bruk, Narody Peredney Azii (1960);
  • S.I. Bruk, and V. S. Apenchenko, Atlas Narodov Mira (Moscow: Academy of Science, 1964)
  • A. Gabriel, Religionsgeographie von Persien (Vienna, 1971).

External links[edit]