Cinema of Saudi Arabia
The cinema of Saudi Arabia is a fairly small industry that only produces a few feature films and documentaries every year.
With the exception of one IMAX theater in Khobar there are no cinemas in Saudi Arabia, although there is occasionally talk of opening movie theaters, and in 2008 conference rooms were rented to show the comedy Mennahi. Many Saudis watch films via satellite, DVD, or video.
Keif al-Hal?, released in 2006, was billed as Saudi Arabia's first film; however, it was shot in the United Arab Emirates and the lead female was played by a Jordanian. The 2012 film Wadjda had an all-Saudi cast and was the first feature film shot entirely in Saudi Arabia. The film Barakah Yoqabil Barakah by director Mahmoud Sabbagh was shot in Jeddah in 2015, premiered first the 66th Berlin International Film Festival, making it the first feature film to participate in the festival.
Keif al-Hal? triggered a debate on the country's stance on cinemas and films. The documentary short film directed by Abdullah Al-Eyaf called Cinema 500 km discussed the issue of banning movie theaters and the film forced the media to take up the issue and discuss it. Wadjda was selected as the Saudi Arabian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 86th Academy Awards - the first time the country made a submission for the Oscars - but it was not nominated. It successfully earned a nomination for Best Foreign Film at the 2014 BAFTA Awards.
In the 1980s, there were some improvised movie halls in Saudi Arabia, most of which were in Jeddah and Mecca, where Egyptian, Indian, and Turkish films were screened without government intervention. However, all these halls were closed down due to the continuous objections of religious conservatives during the Islamic revival movement in the 1980s, and as a political response to an increase in Islamist activism including the 1979 seizure of the Grand Mosque in Mecca, the government closed all cinemas and theaters.
Currently, the only public theater in Saudi Arabia is an IMAX cinema located in Khobar in the Scitech complex, a science and technology center offering exhibits that deal with varying science and technologies, as well as an astronomic observatory. This IMAX cinema is showing documentaries, mostly produced in the US, during non-prayer timings. The documentaries are shown in Arabic, and headphones are available with English audio.
Video rental stores
Video rental stores first started appearing in the 1980s and offered Arabic, Western, and Asian movies. By the late 1990s, the increasing number of free-to-air satellite TV channels prompted most video stores to go out of business.
- Dhilal al Sammt (Shadow of Silence; 2004)
- Cinema 500 km (2006)
- Keif al-Hal? (2006)
- Women without Shadows (Nisaa Bil Thil;2006)
- I Don' Wanna (2008)
- Shadow (2008)
- Three Men and a Woman (2008)
- According to Local Time (2008)
- Sunrise/Sunset (2008)
- Last Day (2008)
- Project (2008)
- Wadjda (2013)
- Barakah Yoqabil Barakah (2016)
Films shot in Saudi Arabia
- Exile Family Movie (Austrian; 2006)
- Le Grand Voyage (French; 2004) - partly filmed in Mecca
- Malcolm X (American; 1992) - the first non-documentary to be given permission to film in Mecca
- Le Schiave Esistono Ancora (Italian; 1964)
- Wadjda (Saudi-German; 2013)
- Barakah Yoqabil Barakah (Saudi; 2016)
- Abdullah Al-Muheisen
- Mohammad Makki
- Abdullah Al-Eyaf
- Haifaa al-Mansour
- Mohammad Aldhahri
- Mohammad Al Khalif
- Abdulmuhsin Almutairi
- Hussam Alhulwah
- Mohammed Alhamoud
- Abdulmohsen Al-Dhabaan
- Nawaf Almuhanna
- Mohammed Salman
- Mohammed Albash
- Mosa althounian
- Mohana abdullah
- Mahmoud Sabbagh
- Hisham Fageeh
- Fatima Al-Banawi
- Hind Mohammed
- Hisham Abdulrahman
- Abdullah Al-Sarhan
- Nasir Al-Gasabi
- Habib Al-Habib
- Yusof Al-Jarrah
- Mohammed Baksh
- Mushari Hilal
- Reem Abdullah
- Ahmed Khalil
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- "Oscars: Saudi Arabia Nominates 'Wadjda' for Foreign Language Category". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2013-09-14.
- "Oscars: Saudi Arabia Taps ‘Wadjda’ As First Foreign-Language Entry". Variety. Retrieved 2013-09-14.
- "'Wadjda' is Saudi Arabia's first nominee for foreign-language Oscar". LA Times. Retrieved 2013-09-14.
- "Saudi Arabia submits first film for Oscars with 'Wadjda'". Gulf News. Retrieved 2013-09-14.
- Admon, Y. (March 11, 2010). "Revival of Cinema Sparks Debate in Saudi Arabia" (Inquiry and Analysis Series Report No.595). Middle East Media Research Institute. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
- "IMAX ‘to double’ number of Middle East cinemas". alarabiya.net. Retrieved 4 February 2016.