John Baillie (theologian)
Son of Free Church Minister John Baillie, he was born in the Free Church Manse in Gairloch, Wester Ross, on 26 March 1886. A leading theologian, he held academic posts in the UK, USA, and Canada. His brother Donald Macpherson Baillie was Professor of Systematic Theology at the University of St. Andrews and his other brother Peter Baillie served as a missionary doctor at Jalna, India.
Raised in the Calvinist tradition, Baillie studied Divinity at Edinburgh University. After graduating he undertook further studies at both Jena and Marburg in Germany and then went to teach in Canada and the United States. He was a professor at Edinburgh University from 1934 to 1959. He was Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland in 1943.
Baillie wrote A Diary of Private Prayer (1936), regarded as a devotional classic. But his most important contribution to theology was an exploration of the relationship of the knowledge of God to spiritual and moral experience.
As Convener of the Church of Scotland's General Assembly's "Commission for the Interpretation of God's Will in the Present Crisis" ("The Baillie Commission"), reporting to the Assembly 1941 to 1945, Baillie helped the Church to think through its approach and mission to the post-war world.
He is buried with his wife Florence Jewel Baillie in Grange Cemetery in Edinburgh near the southeast corner of the original cemetery close to the Usher memorial. The grave is marked by a pale pink granite cross.
- Nigel M. de S. et al., Dictionary of Scottish Church History and Theology, pp. 693–698. T & T Clark, Edinburgh 1993. ISBN 0-567-09650-5
- John McIntyre, Foreword, in John Baillie, The Sense of the Presence of God, Oxford University Press, 1962
- George Newlands, "John and Donald Baillie" in Blackie, Nansie (2005) A Time for Trumpets: Scottish Church movers and shakers of the twentieth century Edinburgh: Saint Andrew Press pp.17-28.
- Norbert Nail: John Baillie - Schotte, Pastor, Student 1909/11 in Jena und Marburg. In: Studenten-Kurier 3/2017, pp. 16-18.
- Edinburgh University's Baillie project
- The Sense of the Presence of God, 1961-2 Gifford Lectures, Edinburgh.
- Member of list of theologians
- Online versions of some of his writings
- The Baillie Project, University of Edinburgh
- Secretariat for Evangelism (1954) Ecumenical Studies: Evangelism in Scotland Geneva: The World Council of Churches p.55; John Baillie, 'Preface' (1945) God's Will for Church and Nation London: SCM Press, pp.7-8.