John Edward Bouligny

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John Edward Bouligny

John Edward Bouligny (February 5, 1824 – February 20, 1864) was a member of the U. S. House of Representatives representing the state of Louisiana. He served one term as a member of the Know-Nothing movement's anti-immigrant, pro-Protestant American Party.

Bouligny was born in New Orleans. Bouligny was strongly opposed to Louisiana's secession to join the Confederate States of America,[1] and retained his seat in Congress after Louisiana withdrew from the Union on January 26, 1861 until the expiry of his term on March 3, 1861. He remained in the North and died in Washington, D.C., during the American Civil War.

In 1862, following the issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation, President Lincoln sent Bouligny to Union-occupied New Orleans to determine if the state could reintegrate with the Union and send representatives to Congress.[2]

He was son of Louisiana state Representative Louis Bouligny and the nephew of Charles Dominique Joseph Bouligny, a U.S. Senator from Louisiana. His grandfather, Francisco Bouligny, was a high-ranking Spanish colonial official and military governor in the late 18th century in Spanish Louisiana.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bouligny, John Edward (February 5, 1861). Feb. 5, 1861: Secession of Louisiana (PDF) (Speech). Speech in the House of Representatives. Washington, D.C. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
  2. ^ Lincoln, Abraham (1894). "October 14, 1862 — Letter to General B.F. Butler and Others". In J.G. Nicolay & J. Hay. Abraham Lincoln: Complete Works, Comprising His Speeches, Letters, State Papers, and Miscellaneous Writings (Vol. 2). New York, New York: The Century Co. p. 247. Retrieved 2017-01-23.

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U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
George Eustis Jr.
United States Representative for the 1st Congressional District of Louisiana
Succeeded by
Benjamin Flanders
during Civil War—Never Seated