John Henry Taylor
|Full name||John Henry Taylor|
19 March 1871|
Northam, Devon, England
|Died||10 February 1963
Northam, Devon, England
|Best results in major championships
|U.S. Open||2nd: 1900|
|The Open Championship||Won: 1894, 1895, 1900, 1909, 1913|
|Achievements and awards|
|World Golf Hall of Fame||1975 (member page)|
John Henry "J.H." Taylor (19 March 1871 – 10 February 1963) was an English professional golfer and one of the pioneers of the modern game of golf. Taylor is considered to be one of the best golfers of all time. He was also a significant golf course architect.
Taylor was born in Devon. He was a member of the fabled Great Triumvirate of the sport in his day, along with Harry Vardon and James Braid, and he won The Open Championship five times. Born into a working-class family, and orphaned as a boy, he began work as a caddie and labourer at the Royal North Devon Golf Club (also known as Westward Ho!) at the age of eleven. He was employed as a caddie and houseboy by the Hutchinson family and was tasked to carry the bag of Horace Hutchinson. He became a professional golfer at 19, and was employed by Burnham & Berrow Golf Club, the Winchester (later Royal Winchester) Golf Club - while there winning in successive years the first two of his Open Championships - then the Royal Wimbledon Golf Club, before eventually moving to the Royal Mid-Surrey Golf Club from 1899 until his retirement in 1946.
In 1901, Taylor was a co-founder and the first chairman of the British Professional Golfers' Association. This was the first association for professional golfers in the world. Bernard Darwin wrote that Taylor "had turned a feckless company into a self-respecting and respected body of men".
Open Championship wins:
- 1894 – Royal St George's
- 1895 – St Andrews
- 1900 – St Andrews
- 1909 – Royal Cinque Ports
- 1913 – Royal Liverpool Golf Club
Taylor captained the 1933 Great Britain Ryder Cup team to a win over the United States, and remains the only captain on either side never to have played in any of the matches.
Taylor was also involved in designing courses across England including Hindhead Golf Club in 1904, Andover Golf Club in 1907, Frilford Heath's Red Course in 1908, Hainault Golf Club's Upper Course in 1909, Heaton Park Golf Club (Manchester) in 1912, Hainault Golf Club's Lower Course in 1923,, Bigbury Golf Club in South Devon in 1926, Pinner Hill Golf Club (Middlesex) 1927, Axe Cliff Golf Club (Seaton, Devon) in 1920s and Batchwood Hall Golf Club (St Albans) in 1935. He is attributed with being the inventor of the 'dogleg', although holes of that form had existed on many courses before Taylor began golf course design (for example No. 7 at Old Course at St Andrews and No. 4 at Prestwick Golf Club). He was made an honorary member of the R&A in 1949, and was president of Royal Birkdale, whose course he had designed, in 1957.
A housing development in his hometown of Northam was named in his honour (JH Taylor Drive).
Note: This list may be incomplete
- 1891 Challenge Match Play (Eng)
- 1894 The Open Championship
- 1895 The Open Championship
- 1900 The Open Championship
- 1901 Tooting Bec Cup, Islay Tournament, West Lancashire Professional Tournament
- 1904 News of the World Match Play
- 1908 French Open, News of the World Match Play
- 1909 The Open Championship, Cruden Bay Professional Tournament, French Open
- 1910 Southern Professional Foursomes Tournament (with Josh Taylor)
- 1912 German Open
- 1913 The Open Championship
- 1919 St Annes Old Links Tournament
- 1920 Amateurs and Professionals Foursomes Tournament (with James Braid)
- 1921 Roehampton Invitation Tournament
Major championships are shown in bold.
|Year||Championship||54 holes||Winning score||Margin||Runner(s)-up|
|1894||The Open Championship||3 shot lead||84-80-81-81=326||5 strokes||Douglas Rolland|
|1895||The Open Championship (2)||3 shot deficit||86-78-80-78=322||4 strokes||Sandy Herd|
|1900||The Open Championship (3)||6 shot lead||79-77-78-75=309||8 strokes||Harry Vardon|
|1909||The Open Championship (4)||4 shot lead||74-73-74-74=295||6 strokes||Tom Ball, James Braid|
|1913||The Open Championship (5)||3 shot lead||73-75-77-79=304||8 strokes||Ted Ray|
|The Open Championship||T10||1||1||2||T10||4||4|
|The Open Championship||1||3||T6||T9||T2||T2||2||2||T7||1|
|The Open Championship||T14||T5||T11||1||2||NT||NT||NT||NT||NT|
|The Open Championship||12||T26||6||T44||5||T6||T11||49||CUT|
NYF = Tournament not yet founded
NT = No tournament
CUT = missed the half-way cut
"T" indicates a tie for a place
- England–Scotland Professional Match (representing England): 1903, 1904 (tie), 1905 (tie), 1906 (winners) 1907 (winners), 1909 (winners), 1910 (winners), 1912 (tie), 1913 (winners)
- France vs Great Britain (representing Great Britain): 1908 (winners)
- Coronation Match (representing the Professionals): 1911 (winners)
- Great Britain vs USA (representing Great Britain): 1921 (winners)
- Seniors vs Juniors (representing the Seniors): 1928 (winners)
- Ryder Cup (representing Great Britain): 1933 (non-playing captain, winners)
- List of men's major championships winning golfers
- List of golfers with most wins in one PGA Tour event
- "1894 J.H. Taylor". The Open. Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- Stevens, Mike. "The Father of Golf Instruction". usgtf.com. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Hainault Golf Club Archived 27 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
- Pinner Hill Golf Club – The Course Archived 20 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- From Wall Plaque at Axe Cliff Golf Club, Seaton, Devon