John M. Kelly (politician)
|John M. Kelly|
|Minister for Trade, Commerce and Tourism|
21 August 1981–9 March 1982
|Preceded by||Himself as Minister for Industry, Commerce and Tourism|
|Succeeded by||Desmond O'Malley|
|Minister for Industry, Commerce and Tourism|
30 June 1981–21 August 1981
|Preceded by||Desmond O'Malley|
|Succeeded by||Himself as Minister for Trade, Commerce and Tourism|
|Minister for Foreign Affairs
30 June 1981–21 October 1981
|Preceded by||Brian Lenihan, Snr|
|Succeeded by||James Dooge|
|Government Chief Whip|
14 March 1973–5 July 1977
|Preceded by||David Andrews|
|Succeeded by||Patrick Lalor|
20 May 1977–5 July 1977
|Preceded by||Declan Costello|
|Succeeded by||Anthony J. Hederman|
February 1973–June 1989
November 1969–March 1973
|Constituency||Cultural and Educational Panel|
|Born||31 August 1931|
|Died||24 January 1991(aged 59)|
|Alma mater||University College Dublin, Heidelberg University|
He attended University College Dublin between 1949 and 1954, and carried out postgraduate studies in the Heidelberg University, from 1954 to 1956. His thesis was published in 1957 as "Princeps Iudex".
He was a distinguished academic, serving for many years as Professor of Constitutional law, Roman law and Jurisprudence in University College Dublin. He was author of the standard work on the Constitution of Ireland; though published after Kelly's death, the third and later editions of this work still bear his name in honour of the original book. He was instrumental in the revival of the Irish law journal The Irish Jurist in the 1960s.
He first stood for election at the 1969 general election as a Fine Gael candidate for the Dublin South-Central constituency. He was not elected to Dáil Éireann but was subsequently elected to Seanad Éireann on the Cultural and Educational Panel. He was first elected to Dáil Éireann on his second attempt at the 1973 general election as a Fine Gael Teachta Dála (TD). He then won election from Dublin County South in 1977, before moving to the Dublin South constituency until his retirement from politics at the 1989 general election. He served in the Government of Liam Cosgrave (1973–77) as Parliamentary Secretary to the Taoiseach and while keeping that post also served as Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Defence until May 1977, at which point he became Attorney General, succeeding Declan Costello upon the latter's appointment to the High Court.
He served in Garret FitzGerald's first Cabinet from 1981 until 1982. He was named as minister in the Department of Industry, Commerce and Tourism, before assuming the new post of Minister for Trade, Commerce and Tourism, which FitzGerald created specially through the division of the old Industry and Commerce into the Department of Trade, Commerce, and Tourism and the Department of Industry and Energy.
Kelly was also appointed acting Minister for Foreign Affairs. FitzGerald planned to make his colleague Senator James Dooge a cabinet minister, but Dooge could not be appointed to cabinet until he had been appointed to the Seanad and that could not happen for some months, because appointments can only take place after the general election for the Seanad has been held. Dooge finally assumed office in October 1981. As a result Kelly found himself throughout the period shifting departments, briefs and titles.
Kelly declined appointment to FitzGerald's second administration (1982–87). Kelly felt that Irish politics should be aligned more on European ideological lines, and he promoted closer alignment with Fianna Fáil and the end of coalition with the Labour Party. He did not seek re-election to the Dáil at the 1989 general election.
- Matters of Honour [as John Boyle] (London, New Authors Limited, 1964)
- The Polling of the Dead (Moytura Press, 1993) ISBN 1-871305-18-7
- Fundamental rights in the Irish law and Constitution (2nd ed., Oceana Publications, 1968) ISBN 0-379-00075-X
- Studies in the civil judicature of the Roman Republic (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1976) ISBN 0-19-825337-0
- Belling the cats: Selected speeches and articles of John Kelly (Dublin, Moytura Press, 1992) ISBN 1-871305-08-X
- A Short History of Western Legal Theory (Oxford University Press, 1992) ISBN 0-19-876244-5
- The Irish Constitution (4th ed., LexisNexis Butterworth, 2003) ISBN 1-85475-895-0
Honours, awards and memorials
John M. Kelly Memorial Lecture
Since 1994, University College Dublin has hosted an annual John M. Kelly Memorial Lecture on law, with international legal experts asked to deliver papers. The lectures to date include:
- (November 1994) Savigny in the Strand – the Rt. Hon, the Lord Rodger of Earlsferry QC
- (16 November 1995) Harassment and Hubris: The Right to an Equality of Respect – Prof. Peter Birks, Regius Professor of Civil Law at the University of Oxford
- (14 November 1996) A Sense of Proportionality – the Rt. Hon, the Lord Leonard Hoffman
- (October 1997) Towards a Supreme Court? The British Experience – Michael Beloff, QC and President of Trinity College Oxford
- (November 1998)
- (October 1999) Stands Scotland where she did? New Unions for Old in these Islands – Prof Neil MacCormick
- (November 2000)
- (1 November 2001) Corrective and Distributive Justice in Tort Law – the Rt. Hon, the Lord Steyn
- (15 November 2002) Scholarship, Reputation of Scholarship, and Legacy: Provocative Reflections from a Comparatist’s Point of View – Prof. Basil Markesinis QC
- (5 November 2003) Liability for Non-Conformity: The new system of remedies in German sales' law and its historical context – Prof. Reinhard Zimmermann
- (21 January 2005) Law Maker or Law Reformer – what is a Law Lady for? – the Rt. Hon, the Baroness Brenda Hale of Richmond
- (7 October 2010) Should Strict Criminal Liability be Removed from all Imprisonable Offences? – Professor Andrew Ashworth, the Vinerian Professor of English Law at the University of Oxford
- (27 March 2014) Justice, Memory and Art - Mr Justice Albie Sachs
- (16 April 2015) Diversity in Family Life: Developments in the Case Law of the European Court of Human Rights - Ms Ann Power Forde, SC
The Irish Jurist Memorial Issue
Volumes XXV-XXVII of The Irish Jurist (ISBN 1-85800-043-2), covering the years 1990–1992, were published in memory of John Kelly.
- "Professor John M. Kelly". Oireachtas Members Database. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
- "John M. Kelly". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
- The restructuring of the departments could not legally take place, however, until the Ministers and Secretaries Act 1924, which defined the names and responsibilities of departments, was amended; this happened in August 1981 by ministerial order under the Ministers and Secretaries (Amendment) Act, 1939.
|Government Chief Whip
|Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Defence
Oliver J. Flanagan
|Parliamentary Secretary to Minister for Defence
|Minister for Foreign Affairs
|Minister for Industry, Commerce and Tourism
|New office||Minister for Trade, Commerce and Tourism
|Attorney General of Ireland
Anthony J. Hederman