José Félix Uriburu
José Félix Uriburu
|President of Argentina |
September 6, 1930 – February 19, 1932
|Vice President||Enrique Santamarina (1930)|
|Preceded by||Hipólito Yrigoyen|
|Succeeded by||Agustín P. Justo|
|Born||July 20, 1868|
|Died||April 29, 1932 (aged 63)|
|Political party||Argentine Civic Legion|
|Spouse(s)||Aurelia Madero Buján|
|Years of service||1890–1932|
Lieutenant General José Félix Benito Uriburu y Uriburu (July 20, 1868 – April 29, 1932) was the first de facto President of Argentina. He achieved the position through a military coup, and his tenure lasted from September 6, 1930, to February 20, 1932.
Uriburu was born on July 20, 1868 in Salta Province, and was a nephew of President José Evaristo Uriburu. He graduated from the military college in 1890. Prior to World War I, he served as military attache to Germany and the United Kingdom. When he returned to Argentina in 1914, he was elected to the Argentine National Congress. He was appointed inspector general of the army by Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear in 1922.
In September 1930, he led a military coup against democratically elected President Hipólito Yrigoyen, in which the far-right Argentine Patriotic League participated. The coup marked the start of what was later called the Infamous Decade. His regime was strongly supported by rightist intellectuals such as Rodolfo and Julio Irazusta and Juan Carulla.
He stayed as head of the government until 1932, implementing several reforms including cutting of government employees' salaries by more than 10 percent.
- "Jose F. Uriboru Dies After An Operation. Former Provisional President of Argentina Succumbs in a Paris Hospital. Led Revolution Of 1930. 'Idol of Army'. Regained Control of Government for Conservative Classes. Refused Nomination". New York Times. April 29, 1932. Retrieved 2015-08-14.
- "Uriburu Ends Argentine Rule". Associated Press. February 20, 1932. Retrieved 2011-04-26.
The General who strode into the Argentine capital almost a year and a half ago and took over the government by threat of arms, tomorrow will stride out in favor of a ...
- Newspaper clippings about José Félix Uriburu in the 20th Century Press Archives of the German National Library of Economics (ZBW)
| President of Argentina
Agustín P. Justo