Kōshū Kaidō

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The Five Routes

The Kōshū Kaidō (甲州街道?) was one of the five routes of the Edo period and it was built to connect Edo (modern-day Tokyo) with Kai Province in modern-day Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan. The route continues from there to connect with the Nakasendō's Shimosuwa-shuku in Nagano Prefecture.[1] Many feudal lords from Shinano Province made use of the road during sankin kōtai, including those from the Takatō Domain, Suwa Domain and Iida Domain.

The Kōshū Kaidō's route is followed closely by the modern Route 20.

Stations of the Kōshū Kaidō[edit]

There are 44 post stations along the Kōshū Kaidō.[2][3] They are listed below with they corresponding modern-day municipality listed in parentheses.


Nihonbashi's highway distance marker, from which modern highway distances are measured
View of Mt. Fuji from Tama River in Fuchū
Starting Location: Nihonbashi (Chūō)
1. Naitō Shinjuku (内藤新宿) (Shinjuku)
2. Shimotakaido-shuku (下高井戸宿) (Suginami)
3. Kamitakaido-shuku (上高井戸宿) (Suginami)
Fuda-Goshuku(布田五宿): Kokuryō-shuku, Shimofuda-shuku, Kamiishihara-shuku, Shimoishihara-shuku, and Shimoishihara-shuku are all small posts. They are collectively referred to as Fuda-Goshuku. 'Goshuku' means five post-stations in Japanese.
4. Kokuryō-shuku (国領宿) (Chōfu)
5. Shimofuda-shuku (下布田宿) (Chōfu)
6. Kamifuda-shuku (上布田宿) (Chōfu)
7. Shimoishihara-shuku (下石原宿) (Chōfu)
8. Kamiishihara-shuku (上石原宿) (Chōfu)
9. Fuchū-shuku (府中宿) (Fuchū)
10. Hino-shuku (日野宿) (Hino)
11. Hachiōji-shuku (八王子宿) (Hachiōji)
12. Komagino-shuku (駒木野宿) (Hachiōji)
13. Kobotoke-shuku (小仏宿) (Hachiōji)

Kanagawa Prefecture[edit]

14. Ohara-shuku (小原宿) (Sagamihara)
15. Yose-shuku (与瀬宿) (Sagamihara)
16. Yoshino-shuku (吉野宿) (Sagamihara)
17. Sekino-shuku (関野宿) (Sagamihara)

Yamanashi Prefecture[edit]

18. Uenohara-shuku (上野原宿) (Uenohara)
19. Tsurukawa-shuku (鶴川宿) (Uenohara)
20. Notajiri-shuku (野田尻宿) (Uenohara)
21. Inume-shuku (犬目宿) (Uenohara)
22. Shimotorisawa-shuku (下鳥沢宿) (Ōtsuki)
23. Kamitorisawa-shuku (上鳥沢宿) (Ōtsuki)
24. Saruhashi-shuku (猿橋宿) (Ōtsuki)
25. Komahashi-shuku (駒橋宿) (Ōtsuki)
26. Ōtsuki-shuku (大月宿) (Ōtsuki)
27. Shimohanasaki-shuku (下花咲宿) (Ōtsuki)
28. Kamihanasaki-shuku (上花咲宿) (Ōtsuki)
29. Shimohatsukari-shuku (下初狩宿) (Ōtsuki)
30. Nakahatsukari-shuku (中初狩宿) (Ōtsuki)
31. Shirano-shuku (白野宿) (Ōtsuki)
32. Kuronoda-shuku (黒野田宿) (Ōtsuki)
33. Komakai-shuku (駒飼宿) (Kōshū)
34. Tsuruse-shuku (鶴瀬宿) (Kōshū)
35. Katsunuma-shuku (勝沼宿) (Kōshū)
36. Kuribara-shuku (栗原宿) (Yamanashi)
37. Isawa-shuku (石和宿) (Fuefuki)
38. Kōfu-shuku (甲府宿) (Kōfu)
39. Nirasaki-shuku (韮崎宿) (Nirasaki)
40. Daigahara-shuku (台ヶ原宿) (Hokuto)
41. Kyōraiishi-shuku (教来石宿) (Hokuto)

Nagano Prefecture[edit]

Hiroshige's print of Shimosuwa-shuku, part of the The Sixty-nine Stations of the Kiso Kaidō series
42. Tsutaki-shuku (蔦木宿) (Fujimi, Suwa District)
43. Kanazawa-shuku (金沢宿) (Chino)
44. Kamisuwa-shuku (上諏訪宿) (Suwa)
Ending Location: Shimosuwa-shuku (Shimosuwa, Suwa District) (also part of the Nakasendō)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Information on Everyday Living for Foreign Residents of Shinjuku City. Shinjuku City Office. Accessed November 28, 2007.
  2. ^ Kōshū Kaidō Map. Yumekaidō. Accessed September 4, 2007.
  3. ^ Kōshū Kaidō 44 Information. NEC Corporation. Accessed August 4, 2007.

External links[edit]