Kagerō-class destroyer

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Yukikaze 2.jpg
Yukikaze in December 1939.
Class overview
Name: Kagerō class
Operators:
Preceded by: Asashio class
Succeeded by:
In commission:
Planned: 18 (1937) + 4 (1939)
Completed: 19
Cancelled: 3 (The dummy for the naval budget of the Yamato-class battleships)
Lost: 18
Scrapped: 1
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement:
  • 2,000 long tons (2,032 t) standard
  • 2,500 long tons (2,540 t) battle condition
Length:
  • 118.50 m (388 ft 9 in) full,
  • 116.20 m (381 ft 3 in) waterline
Beam: 10.80 m (35 ft 5 in)
Draught: 3.76 m (12 ft 4 in)
Propulsion:
  • 3 × Kampon water tube boilers,
  • 2 × Kanpon impulse turbines,
  • 2 × shafts, 52,000 shp
Speed: 35.5 knots (40.9 mph; 65.7 km/h)
Complement: 239 (Kagerō, 1939)
Armament:

The Kagerō-class destroyers (陽炎型駆逐艦, Kagerō-gata Kuchikukan?) were a group of 19 destroyers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy during the 1930s. The IJN called them Destroyer Type-A (甲型駆逐艦, Kō-gata Kuchikukan?) from their plan name.

Design and description[edit]

The Kagerō class was an enlarged and improved version of the preceding Asashio class. Their crew numbered 240 officers and enlisted men. The ships measured 118.5 meters (388 ft 9 in) overall, with a beam of 10.8 meters (35 ft 5 in) and a draft of 3.76 meters (12 ft 4 in).[1] They displaced 2,065 metric tons (2,032 long tons) at standard load and 2,529 metric tons (2,489 long tons) at deep load.[2] The ships had two Kampon geared steam turbines, each driving one propeller shaft, using steam provided by three Kampon water-tube boilers. The turbines were rated at a total of 52,000 shaft horsepower (39,000 kW) for a designed speed of 35 knots (65 km/h; 40 mph). The ships had a range of 5,000 nautical miles (9,300 km; 5,800 mi) at a speed of 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph).[3]

The main armament of the Kagerō class consisted of six Type 3 127-millimeter (5.0 in) guns in three twin-gun turrets, one superfiring pair aft and one turret forward of the superstructure. They were built with four Type 96 25-millimeter (1.0 in) anti-aircraft guns in two twin-gun mounts, but more of these guns were added over the course of the war. The ships were also armed with eight 610-millimeter (24.0 in) torpedo tubes for the oxygen-fueled Type 93 "Long Lance" torpedo in two quadruple traversing mounts; one reload was carried for each tube.[2] Their anti-submarine weapons comprised 16 depth charges.[3]

At the time of introduction, these destroyers were among the most deadly destroyers afloat, primarily due to the excellent range and lethality of its "Long Lance" torpedo. Only the lack of radar hindered their otherwise superb design. As with most pre-World War II ships, Kagerōs were also deficient in anti-submarine and anti-aircraft weaponry as designed. Over the course of the war these deficiencies were remedied, with depth charge capacity increased to 36 and the addition of four depth charge launchers; anti-aircraft weaponry also increased steadily from four 25 mm guns at the start of the war to twenty-eight mounts by the war's end, which necessitated the removal of the upper rear turret.

Wartime attrition was hard on the Kagerōs, with 18 of 19 ships lost. In all, six were sunk by air attack, five by submarine attack, five in battle with other surface forces, one by a mine, and the remaining two sunk by a combination of mines and air attack. Yukikaze was the only Kagerō-class ship afloat at the end of the war.

Ships in class[edit]

Ship # Ship Laid down Launched Completed Fate
17 Kagerō (陽炎?)
means: Heat Haze
3 September 1937
at Maizuru Naval Arsenal
27 September 1938 6 November 1939 Air attack SW of Rendova, 8 May 1943 at 08°08′S 156°55′E / 8.133°S 156.917°E / -8.133; 156.917 (Kagerō)
18 Shiranui (不知火?)
means: Ghost Light (c.f. Shiranui)
30 August 1937
at Uraga Dock Company
28 June 1938 20 December 1939 Air attack N of Iloilo, Panay, 27 October 1944 at 12°0′N 122°30′E / 12.000°N 122.500°E / 12.000; 122.500 (Shiranui)
19 Kuroshio (黒潮?)
means: Black Tide (cf. Kuroshio Current)
31 August 1937
at Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard
25 October 1938 27 January 1940 Mined leaving Vila, Kolombangara, 8 May 1943 at 08°08′S 156°55′E / 8.133°S 156.917°E / -8.133; 156.917 (Kuroshio)
20 Oyashio (親潮?)
means: Parental Tide (cf. Oyashio Current)
29 March 1938
at Maizuru Naval Arsenal
29 November 1938 20 August 1940 Mined, air attack leaving Vila, Kolombangara, 8 May 1943 at 08°08′S 156°55′E / 8.133°S 156.917°E / -8.133; 156.917 (Oyashio)
21 Hayashio (早潮?)
means: Swift Tide
30 June 1938
at Uraga Dock Company
19 April 1939 31 August 1940 Scuttled after air attack, Guna Bay, 24 November 1942 at 07°0′S 147°30′E / 7.000°S 147.500°E / -7.000; 147.500 (Hayashio)
22 Natsushio (夏潮?)
means: Summer Tide
9 December 1937
at Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard
23 February 1939 31 August 1940 Torpedoed S of Makassar, 9 February 1942 at 05°10′S 119°24′E / 5.167°S 119.400°E / -5.167; 119.400
23 Hatsukaze (初風?)
means: First Wind
3 December 1937
at Kōbe-Kawasaki Shipbuilding Yard
24 January 1939 15 February 1940 Sunk in Battle of Empress Augusta Bay, 2 November 1943 at 06°01′S 153°58′E / 6.017°S 153.967°E / -6.017; 153.967 (Hatsukaze)
24 Yukikaze (雪風?)
means: Snowy Wind
2 August 1938
at Sasebo Naval Arsenal
24 March 1939 20 January 1940 Surrendered to Republic of China on 6 July 1947 at Shanghai, renamed DD-12 Tan Yang (丹陽), scrapped 1970
25 Amatsukaze (天津風?)
means: Heavenly Wind
14 February 1939
at Maizuru Naval Arsenal
19 October 1939 26 October 1940 Air attack E of Amoy, 6 April 1945 at 24°30′N 118°10′E / 24.500°N 118.167°E / 24.500; 118.167 (Amatsukaze)
26 Tokitsukaze (時津風?)
means: Season's Wind
20 February 1939
at Uraga Dock Company
10 November 1939 15 December 1940 Air attack SE of Finschhafen, 3 March 1943 at 07°16′S 148°15′E / 7.267°S 148.250°E / -7.267; 148.250 (Urakaze)
27 Urakaze (浦風?)
means: Inlet Wind
11 April 1939
at Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard
19 April 1940 15 December 1940 Torpedoed NNW of Keelung, Formosa, 21 November 1944 at 26°09′N 121°23′E / 26.150°N 121.383°E / 26.150; 121.383
28 Isokaze (磯風?)
means: Seaside Wind
25 November 1938
at Sasebo Naval Arsenal
19 June 1939 30 November 1940 Scuttled SW of Nagasaki following air attack, 7 April 1945 at 30°28′N 128°55′E / 30.46°N 128.92°E / 30.46; 128.92 (Isokaze)
29 Hamakaze (浜風?)
means: Beach Wind
20 November 1939
at Uraga Dock Company
25 November 1940 30 June 1941 Air attack SW of Nagasaki, 7 April 1945 at 30°47′N 128°08′E / 30.783°N 128.133°E / 30.783; 128.133 (Hamakaze)
30 Tanikaze (谷風?)
means: Valley Wind
18 October 1939
at Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard
1 November 1940 25 April 1941 Torpedoed in Sibutu Passage, 9 June 1944 at 05°42′N 120°41′E / 5.700°N 120.683°E / 5.700; 120.683 (Tanikaze)
31 Nowaki (野分?)
means: Pacific typhoon
8 November 1939
at Maizuru Naval Arsenal
17 September 1940 28 April 1941 Sunk in surface action, 25 October 1944 at 13°0′N 124°54′E / 13.000°N 124.900°E / 13.000; 124.900 (Nowaki)
32
33
34
3 destroyers The dummy for the naval budget of the Yamato-class battleships
112 Arashi (?)
means: Storm
4 May 1939
at Maizuru Naval Arsenal
22 April 1940 27 January 1941 Sunk in Battle of Vella Gulf, 6 August 1943 at 07°50′S 156°55′E / 7.833°S 156.917°E / -7.833; 156.917 (Arashi)
113 Hagikaze (萩風?)
means: Clover Wind
23 May 1939
at Uraga Dock Company
18 June 1940 31 March 1941 Sunk in Battle of Vella Gulf, 6 August 1943 at 07°50′S 156°55′E / 7.833°S 156.917°E / -7.833; 156.917 (Hagikaze)
114 Maikaze (舞風?)
means: Whirlwind
22 April 1940
at Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard
13 March 1941 15 July 1941 Sunk in surface action, 17 February 1944 at 07°45′N 151°20′E / 7.750°N 151.333°E / 7.750; 151.333 (Maikaze)
115 Akigumo (秋雲?)
means: Autumn Cloud
2 July 1940
at Uraga Dock Company
11 April 1941 27 September 1941 Torpedoed SE of Zamboanga Peninsula, Philippines, 11 April 1944 at 06°43′N 122°23′E / 6.717°N 122.383°E / 6.717; 122.383 (Akigumo)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Chesneau, p. 194
  2. ^ a b Whitley, pp. 200–01
  3. ^ a b Jentschura, Jung & Mickel, p. 148

References[edit]

  • Chesneau, Roger, ed. (1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946. Greenwich, UK: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7. 
  • Jentschura, Hansgeorg; Jung, Dieter & Mickel, Peter (1977). Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869–1945. Annapolis, Maryland: United States Naval Institute. ISBN 0-87021-893-X. 
  • Whitley, M. J. (1988). Destroyers of World War 2. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-326-1. 

Further reading[edit]

  • "Rekishi Gunzō". , History of Pacific War Vol.64 Mutsuki class destroyer, Gakken (Japan), May 2008, ISBN 978-4-05-605091-2
  • Collection of writings by Sizuo Fukui Vol.5, Stories of Japanese Destroyers, Kōjinsha (Japan) 1993, ISBN 4-7698-0611-6
  • Model Art Extra No.340, Drawings of Imperial Japanese Naval Vessels Part-1, Model Art Co. Ltd. (Japan), October 1989, Book code 08734-10
  • Daiji Katagiri, Ship Name Chronicles of the Imperial Japanese Navy Combined Fleet, Kōjinsha (Japan), June 1988, ISBN 4-7698-0386-9
  • The Maru Special, Japanese Naval Vessels No.41 Japanese Destroyers I, Ushio Shobō (Japan), July 1980, Book code 68343-42

External links[edit]