Coordinates: 14°07′10″N 15°18′48″E / 14.1194°N 15.3133°E
Kanem is one of the 22 regions of Chad. It was created in 2002 from the former Prefecture of Kanem. It is named after the famous Kanem Empire, which was centered in this vicinity. The region's capital is Mao.
In 2008, a portion of the Kanem region (the Bahr el Gazel Department) was split off to become the new Bahr el Gazel Region.
Kanem is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.
The population of the region was 280,804 in 1993, of whom 269,846 were settled (rural: 239,104; urban: 30,742) and 10,956 were nomads.
The principal ethnico-linguistic groups are the Daza (48,25%), the Kanembu people (40,54%) and Baggara Arabs (4,97%).
Since 2008, the region of Kanem is divided in three departments: