Karaca Dağ

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Karaca Dağ
Karaca Dağ is located in Turkey
Karaca Dağ
Karaca Dağ
Highest point
Elevation1,957 m (6,421 ft)
Coordinates37°40′12″N 39°49′48″E / 37.67000°N 39.83000°E / 37.67000; 39.83000Coordinates: 37°40′12″N 39°49′48″E / 37.67000°N 39.83000°E / 37.67000; 39.83000
LocationŞanlıurfa and Diyarbakir provinces, Turkey
Mountain typeShield volcano
Last eruptionUnknown

Karaca (Kurmanji: Qerejdax) is a shield volcano located in eastern Turkey.[1]

It was also known as 'Mount Masia'.[2] Which in turn was used to give the title of an Iris found on the mountain, as Iris masia.[3]

On 6 March 2006 Der Spiegel reported that the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research in Cologne[4] had discovered that the genetically common ancestor of 68 contemporary types of cereal still grows as a wild plant on the slopes of Mount Karaca (Karacadag).[5] The results strongly suggest that slopes of Karaca Dağ provided the site for the first domestication of einkorn wheat approximately 9,000 years ago.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Karaca Dag". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution.
  2. ^ Phillips, Roger; Rix, Martyn (1991). Perennials Vol. 1. Pan Books Ltd. p. 216. ISBN 9780330327749.
  3. ^ Pries, Bob (28 November 2013). "(SPEC) Iris masia Stapf ex Fos". wiki.irises.org (American Iris Society). Retrieved 24 November 2014.
  4. ^ Max Planck Institute for Breeding Research
  5. ^ Heun, Manfred; et al. (November 1997). "Site of Einkorn Wheat Domestication Identified by DNA Fingerprinting" (PDF). Science. 278: 1312–1314. Bibcode:1997Sci...278.1312H. doi:10.1126/science.278.5341.1312.