Kula (volcano)

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Kula
Katekaumene[1]
The scoria cone at the Kula Volcano.JPG
The scoria cone at the Kula Volcano
Elevation 750 m (2,460 ft)
Location
Kula is located in Turkey
Kula
Kula
Manisa Province, Turkey
Coordinates 38°34′38″N 28°31′12″E / 38.57722°N 28.52000°E / 38.57722; 28.52000Coordinates: 38°34′38″N 28°31′12″E / 38.57722°N 28.52000°E / 38.57722; 28.52000
Geology
Type Volcanic field / Cinder cones
Last eruption Unknown

Kula is a volcanic field located in western Turkey. Kula field consists of a broad area of cinder cones and maars. It is the westernmost volcano of Turkey.[2] The volcanic character of the area was recognized in antiquity, when it was named Katekaumene (the burned lands) from the appearance of the environment, which was mostly suited for viticulture. Volcanism began in the Miocene and over three stages continued in the Holocene.[3] It is associated with the presence of two neighbouring active (in 1969 last earthquake) graben structures. Most cones are of small size and one of them (Akcakoy Tepe) has its internal structure exposed. Total volume of the volcanic field extrusion is about 2,3 km3 and the lavas are rich in xenoliths.[4] The plant succession on the lava fields and cones was subject of a study in 1974, which found that the vegetation is influenced both by climate factors such as temperature and precipitation and the orientation of the sides of the volcanoes in question.[5] Footprints of prehistoric humans have been found in the area. The area is a Geopark recognized by UNESCO given the universal and scientific value.[1]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Patricia Erfurt-Cooper (8 August 2012). Volcanic Tourist Destinations. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 100–101. ISBN 978-3-642-16191-9. 
  2. ^ "Kula". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 12 July 2015. 
  3. ^ E. Akdeniz. "SOME EVIDENCE ON THE FIRST KNOWN RESIDENTS OF KATAKEKAUMENE (BURNED LANDS)". Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry 11 (1): 69–74. 
  4. ^ Richardson-Bunbury, J. M. (2009). "The Kula Volcanic Field, western Turkey: the development of a Holocene alkali basalt province and the adjacent normal-faulting graben". Geological Magazine 133 (03): 275. doi:10.1017/S0016756800009018. ISSN 0016-7568. 
  5. ^ Öner, M.; Oflas, S. (1977). "Plant succession on the Kula Volcano in Turkey". Vegetatio 34 (1): 55–62. doi:10.1007/BF00119886. ISSN 0042-3106. 

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