Karijini National Park

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Karijini National Park
Western Australia
IUCN category II (national park)
Karijini.jpg
Looking towards Red Gorge from Oxers lookout
Karijini National Park is located in Western Australia
Karijini National Park
Karijini National Park
Nearest town or city Tom Price
Coordinates 22°29′46″S 118°23′50″E / 22.49611°S 118.39722°E / -22.49611; 118.39722Coordinates: 22°29′46″S 118°23′50″E / 22.49611°S 118.39722°E / -22.49611; 118.39722
Established 1969
Area 6,274.22 km2 (2,422.5 sq mi)[1]
Visitation 166,000 (in 2009)[2]
Managing authorities Department of Parks and Wildlife (Western Australia)
Website Karijini National Park
See also List of protected areas of
Western Australia

Karijini National Park is a national park centred in the Hamersley Ranges of the Pilbara region in the northwestern section of the Australian state of Western Australia. The park is located just north of the Tropic of Capricorn, approximately 1,055 kilometres (656 mi) from the state's capital city, Perth. Formerly known as Hamersley Range National Park, the park was officially renamed in 1991.[3]

At 627,422 hectares (1,550,390 acres), Karijini is the second largest national park in Western Australia with Karlamilyi National Park being the largest park.

The park is physically split into a northern and a southern half by a corridor containing the Hamersley & Robe River railway and the Marandoo iron ore mine.[4]

The park is served by the Solomon Airport, located 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) westwards.

History[edit]

A party led by explorer F.T. Gregory explored the area in 1861. He named the Hamersley Range, on which the park is centred, after his friend Edward Hamersley.

Climate[edit]

The park is located in the Pilbara region, and is mostly tropical semi-arid climate. In summer, thunderstorms and cyclones are common, bringing 250–350 mm of rain annually.[5] Temperatures on summer days frequently exceed 40 degrees Celsius, while winter nights can bring frost.

Dales Gorge

Geology[edit]

The five gorges that flow north out of the park—Dales Gorge, Bee Gorge, Wittenoom Gorge, Kalamina Gorge and Yampire Gorge—provide spectacular displays of the rock layers:[6][7]

Features[edit]

The park is most notable for its many gorges containing slot canyons, waterfalls and water holes with visitors sometimes swimming in the cold pools of water.[14]

While it is still fully open to the public, visitors are warned to exercise due caution when walking in and around the vicinity of Yampire and Wittenoom Gorges near the northern boundary of the park due to the presence of asbestos in a number of the rock formations.[1]

Fauna[edit]

The park's wildlife includes red kangaroos, euros, wallaroos, echidnas, geckos, goannas, bats, legless lizards and a large variety of birds and snakes, including pythons.[15]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Karijini National Park". Department of Parks and Wildlife (DPaW). 2013. Retrieved 2016-02-08. 
  2. ^ ABC: Karijini National Park visitor numbers drop, 13 October 2010
  3. ^ Department of Conservation and Land Management; National Parks and Nature Conservation Authority (1999). "Karijini National Park Management Plan No. 40" (PDF). Government of Western Australia. p. 1. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 March 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  4. ^ Australia Road and 4WD Atlas, publisher: HEMA maps, published: 2007, page: 86-87
  5. ^ M. Bright, 1001 Natural Wonders You Must See Before You Die, Quintet Publishing, London 2005
  6. ^ Thorne, Alan (2003) Geology of the Gorges DEC
  7. ^ MacLeod, W. N. (1966) The geology and iron deposits of the Hamersley Range area. Bulletin (Geological Survey of Western Australia), No. 117,http://henrietta.liswa.wa.gov.au/record=b2251313~S2 -
  8. ^ http://www.riotintoironore.com/ENG/operations/497_geology.asp
  9. ^ http://www.portergeo.com.au/tours/iron2002/iron2002depm1.asp
  10. ^ http://dbforms.ga.gov.au/pls/www/geodx.strat_units.sch_full?wher=stratno=20327
  11. ^ http://www.fish.wa.gov.au/docs/pub/AquaGroundWater/pilbara.php?9999
  12. ^ http://www.physorg.com/news110122626.html
  13. ^ http://www.springerlink.com/content/12va3dery2y50auu/
  14. ^ "Karijini National Park". westernaustralia.com. Archived from the original on 8 September 2006. Retrieved 19 December 2006. 
  15. ^ "Karijini National Park - Beyond The 26th". ABC. Archived from the original on 24 November 2007. Retrieved 19 December 2006. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Padgett, Allan (1991) Karijini National Park - description of some of the more remote gorges. Landscope, Vol. 7, no. 1 (Spring 1991), pp. 16–21

External links[edit]