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Griffith in the 1976 BBC production, Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death.
|Born||Kenneth Reginald Griffiths
12 October 1921
Tenby, Pembrokeshire, Wales
|Died||25 June 2006
|Occupation||Actor, television producer, television presenter|
|Spouse(s)||Joan Stock (divorced)
Carol Hagar (divorced)
Kenneth Griffith (born Kenneth Reginald Griffiths; 12 October 1921 – 25 June 2006) was a Welsh actor and documentary filmmaker.
He was born in Tenby, Pembrokeshire, Wales. Six months after his birth his parents separated and left Tenby, leaving Griffith with his paternal grandparents, Emily and Ernest, who adopted him. A lively rugby union scrum-half, he attended the local Wesleyan Methodist chapel three times every Sunday. His grandparents were staunch Wesleyan Methodists who taught him to question everything.
Griffiths passed the 11-plus and attended Greenhill Grammar School, where he met English literature teacher Evelyn Ward, who recognised his writing and acting talent. Before Kenneth left school, his headmaster J.T. Griffith suggested that he drop the English "s" from his name (an anglicisation).
In 1937 he left school and moved to Cambridge, taking a job at an ironmonger's weighing nails. This lasted only a day and proved to be the only job he ever had outside the acting world. He approached the Cambridge Festival Theatre for work, and at the age of 16 was cast by Peter Hoare as Cinna the Poet in a modern-dress version of Julius Caesar. He became a regular jobbing repertory actor, making his West End theatre debut in 1938 with a small part in Thomas Dekker's Shoemaker's Holiday.
Griffith volunteered for service with the Royal Air Force in 1939 before the outbreak of the Second World War. Before training in Canada, he returned to see his grandparents in Tenby, who, at his request, gave him a leather-bound copy of Hitler's book, Mein Kampf; he later explained in an interview that he wanted to understand what he was fighting against. While training in Canada, he caught scarlet fever and, in 1942, was invalided out of the service, which resulted in his taking up stamp collecting. The first stamp he collected was the Siege of Ladysmith, South Africa.
In 1941, he made his debut in the first of more than 100 films in which he principally played character roles. Released from the air arm of the Royal Air Force, Griffith returned to London, from where he was invalided out of the RAF in 1942. He joined the Liverpool, Lancashire-relocated Old Vic, and in repertory. On return from a tour of South Africa (during which he visited Ladysmith), he met another actor who became his good friend, Peter O'Toole.
He appeared in many British films between the 1940s and 1980s, notably as Archie Fellows in The Shop at Sly Corner, Jenkins in Only Two Can Play (1962), the wireless operator Jack Phillips on board the Titanic in A Night to Remember (1958), in the crime caper Track the Man Down (1955) and especially in the comedies of the Boulting brothers, including Private's Progress (1956) and I'm All Right Jack (1959). He also portrayed the gay medic Witty in The Wild Geese (1978) and a whimsical mechanic in The Sea Wolves (1980).
He appeared in the episodes "The Girl Who Was Death" and "Fall Out" of the 1967–68 TV programme, The Prisoner. Subsequent TV appearances included episodes of Minder and Lovejoy, and critically acclaimed performances in "War and Peace" (1963), "The Perils of Pendragon", Clochemerle and "The Bus to Bosworth", where his personification of a Welsh schoolteacher out on a field trip won him many accolades back in his homeland of Wales. Later film roles included the "mad old man" in Four Weddings and a Funeral (1994), Reverend Jones in The Englishman Who Went Up a Hill But Came Down a Mountain (1995) and the Minister in Very Annie Mary (2001).
Documentaries and political activity
In 1965, Huw Weldon and the then-director of BBC2, David Attenborough, asked Griffith if he would like to make a film for the BBC on any subject that he chose. This resulted in a series of films on subjects as diverse as the Boer War in Soldiers of the Widow (BBC tx. 27/5/1967), A Touch of Churchill, A Touch of Hitler (BBC tx. 30/7/1971), the controversial story of Thomas Paine in The Most Valuable Englishman Ever (BBC, tx. 16/1/1982), David Ben-Gurion (The Light), Napoleon Bonaparte (The Man on the Rock), Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Roger Casement (Heart of Darkness 1992), and on one occasion a film commissioned by Thames Television on the story of the Three Wise Men of the New Testament, A Famous Journey (ITV tx. 20/12/1979). Griffith was expelled from Iran by the country's Foreign Minister.[why?]
In 1973 Griffith made a documentary film about the life and death of Irish military/political leader Michael Collins titled Hang Up Your Brightest Colours (which is a line taken from a letter from George Bernard Shaw to one of Collins' sisters after Collins' assassination) for ATV, but the Independent Broadcasting Authority did not permit it to be screened (it was not shown by the BBC until 1993).
In 1974, he interviewed nine surviving IRA members from the 1916-23 period, i.e. the Easter Rebellion, Anglo-Irish War, and Irish Civil War (Maire Comerford, Joseph Sweeney, Sean Kavanagh, John O'Sullivan, Brigid Thornton, Sean Harling, Martin Walton, David Nelligan (or Neligan) and Tom Barry) in a programme titled Curious Journey. He was allowed to buy this last film back, as long as he did not mention who had commissioned it (it was the Welsh company, HTV). At one point in his career, Griffith accused the anti-censorship group, Index, of censoring him due to a delay in publishing two book reviews he had written for its magazine.
Griffith's sympathetic portrayal caused some concern given the tensions in Northern Ireland and ATV boss Sir Lew Grade decided to withdraw the film, which was not shown publicly until 1994. In response, he made a documentary, The Public's Right to Know, for Thames TV. The political troubles left Griffith "a frustrated and bemused figure". Screenonline described Griffith as "a world class documentary film-maker" who knew that "refusing to compromise his views has damaged his career".
Griffith's autobiography was published in 1994, The Fool's Pardon, by Little, Brown. In 1993 BBC Wales presented a retrospective season of five of his documentaries, including the suppressed Michael Collins work, opening the season with a biographical study of Griffith called The Tenby Poisoner (BBC Wales, tx. 1/3/1993) in which Peter O'Toole, Martin McGuinness and Jeremy Isaacs paid tribute. BBC Wales screened a film on Griffith's life in the "Welsh Greats" Series Two, shown in 2008. In 2001, Griffith was given a lifetime achievement award by BAFTA.
A Boer War historian, Griffith was sympathetic to the Afrikaners in South Africa. His opinion, in a South African television-funded documentary,[when?] was "provokingly sympathetic" towards the Afrikaners; South African television eventually withdrew its funding. He made a BBC2 documentary on runner Zola Budd, which purported to reveal injustices done to her by left-wing demonstrators and organisations during a tour of England in 1988.
The thrice-divorced Griffith named his home (Englefield Road #110, Islington, London), Michael Collins' House. In later life Griffith said, "In my time I've been accused of being a Marxist, a fascist, a traitor and, probably worst in most people's eyes, inconsistent. I was a radical Socialist. I'm now a radical Tory. It has been a very painful journey."
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Griffith was married and divorced three times and had five children:
- Joan Stock (son: David)
- Doria Noar (actress/theatre historian Eva Griffith)
- Carole Haggar (Polly, Huw and Jonathan)
Death and burial
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Griffith suffered from complications associated with Alzheimer's disease in his later years, resulting in his retirement. He died at his home on 25 June 2006, aged 84. He was buried on 4 July 2006. At his request, his coffin was decorated with the flags of Wales, the Untouchables of India (of whose society he was president for many years), Israel, and the Irish tricolour. Griffith was interred beside his beloved grandparents (Emily and Ernest) in the churchyard adjoining St Nicholas and St Teilo Church in his native Penally.
Tenby Museum and Art Gallery in Pembrokeshire houses an archive of "national importance" of Griffith's papers and documentaries, and a cabinet containing a collection of personal memorabilia from his house in Islington.
- The Farmer's Wife (1941) as George Smerdon
- Love on the Dole (1941) as Harry's Pal in Billiard Hall (uncredited)
- The Black Sheep of Whitehall (1942) as Butcher's Boy (uncredited)
- Hard Steel (1942) as Dixon
- The Forest Rangers (1942) as Ranger
- The Great Mr. Handel (1942) as Minor role (uncredited)
- Young and Willing (1943) as Older Actor (uncredited)
- The Shop at Sly Corner (1947) as Archie Fellows
- Fame Is the Spur (1947) as Wartime Miners' Representative (uncredited)
- Bond Street (1948) as Len Phillips
- Forbidden (1949) as Johnny
- Helter Skelter (1949) as Nick Martin's BBC Colleague (uncredited)
- Blue Scar (1949) as Thomas Williams
- Waterfront (1950) as Maurice Bruno
- High Treason (1951) as Jimmy Ellis
- 36 Hours (1953) as Henry Slosson
- The Green Carnation (1954) as Nobby
- The Prisoner (1955) as the Secretary
- Track the Man Down (1955) as Ken Orwell
- Private's Progress (1956) as Private Dai Jones
- 1984 (1956) as Prisoner
- The Baby and the Battleship (1956) as Sub-Lieutenant
- Tiger in the Smoke (1956) as Crutches
- Brothers in Law (1957) as Hearse Driver
- Lucky Jim (1957) as Cyril Johns
- The Naked Truth (1957) as Porter
- Blue Murder at St Trinian's (1957) as Charlie Bull
- A Night to Remember (1958) as Wireless Operator John 'Jack' Phillips
- Chain of Events (1958) as Clarke
- The Man Upstairs (1958) as Mr. Pollen
- The Two Headed Spy (1958) as Adolf Hitler
- Tiger Bay (1959) as Choirmaster
- Carlton-Browne of the F.O. (1959) as Sir John's Assistant, Griffths (uncredited)
- I'm All Right Jack (1959) as Dai
- Libel (1959) as Fitch
- Expresso Bongo (1959) as Charlie (uncredited)
- Circus of Horrors (1960) as Martin
- A French Mistress (1960) as Mr. Meade
- Suspect (1960) as Dr. Shole
- Snowball (1960) as Phil Hart
- Payroll (1961) as Monty
- Rag Doll (1961) as Wilson
- The Frightened City (1961) as Wally Smith
- Only Two Can Play (1962) as Ieuan Jenkins
- The Painted Smile (1962) as Kleinie
- We Joined the Navy (1962) as Orator
- Heavens Above! (1963) as Rev. Owen Thomas
- Rotten to the Core (1965) as Lenny the Dip
- The Whisperers (1967) as Mr. Weaver
- The Bobo (1967) as Pepe Gamazo
- The Prisoner (1968) as The President / Schnipps / Number Two
- Decline and Fall... of a Birdwatcher (1968) as Mr. Church
- The Lion in Winter (1968) as Strolling Player
- Great Catherine (1968) as Naryshkin
- The Assassination Bureau (1969) as Monsieur Popescu
- The Gamblers (1970) as Broadfoot
- Revenge (1971) as Seely
- Clochemerle (TV Series) (1972) as Ernest Tafardel
- The House in Nightmare Park (1973) as Ernest Henderson
- Callan (1974) as Waterman
- S*P*Y*S (1974) as Lippet
- Bus to Bosworth (1975) as Mr. Huw Meredith BA
- Sky Riders (1976) as Wasserman
- Why Shoot the Teacher (1977) as Inspector Woods
- The Wild Geese (1978) as Arthur Witty
- The Sea Wolves (1980) as Wilton
- Who Dares Wins (1982) as Bishop Crick
- Remembrance (1982) as Joe
- The Zany Adventures of Robin Hood (1984) as Isaac of York
- Shaka Zulu (TV series) (1986) as Zacharias Abrahams
- Four Weddings and a Funeral (1994) as Mad Old Man - Wedding One
- The Englishman Who Went Up a Hill But Came Down a Mountain (1995) as Reverend Jones
- Very Annie Mary (2001) as Minister
- Barker, Dennis (27 June 2006). "Kenneth Griffith". The Guardian. London, UK. Retrieved 14 July 2009.
- "Kenneth Griffith obituary". The Daily Telegraph. 27 June 2006. Retrieved 14 July 2009.
- "Kenneth Griffith". The Independent. 27 June 2006. Retrieved 14 July 2009.
- "Actor Kenneth Griffith dies at 84". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 23 August 2017.
- "Zola Budd - The Girl Who Didn't Run (1989)". Ftvdb.bfi.org.uk. Retrieved 23 August 2017.
- True to his beliefs, WalesOnline, 28 June 2006.