Kenyan general election, 1992

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Kenyan presidential election, 1992
Kenya
29 December 1992 (1992-12-29) → 1997

  Daniel arap Moi 1979c.jpg No image.svg
Nominee Daniel arap Moi Kenneth Matiba
Party KANU FORD–Asili
Popular vote 1,962,866 1,404,266
Percentage 36.4% 26.0%

President before election

Daniel arap Moi
Kenya African National Union

Elected President

Daniel arap Moi
KANU

Coat of arms of Kenya.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Kenya
Foreign relations

General elections were held in Kenya on 29 December 1992, the first multi-party elections since independence. The results were marred by allegations of ballot-box stuffing, and targeted ethnic violence in the Rift Valley Province. Human Rights Watch accused several prominent Kenyan politicians, including President Daniel arap Moi and then-VP George Saitoti of inciting and co-ordinating the violence.[1] They were also the first elections to feature a ballot for the post of President, who had previously been elected by the National Assembly. Voter turnout was 69.4%.[2][3]

Results[edit]

President[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Daniel arap Moi Kenya African National Union 1,927,645 36.6
Kenneth Matiba FORD–Asili 1,354,856 25.7
Mwai Kibaki Democratic Party 1,035,507 19.6
Jaramogi Oginga Odinga FORD–Kenya 903,886 17.1
Chibule wa Tsuma Kenya National Congress 15,393 0.3
George Anyona Kenya Social Congress 14,253 0.3
John Harun Mwau Party of Independent Candidates of Kenya 10,449 0.2
David Mukaru Ng'ang'a Kenya National Democratic Alliance 8,527 0.2
Invalid/blank votes
Total 5,270,516 100
Registered voters/turnout 7,956,354
Source: Nohlen et al.

By province[edit]

Province Moi Matiba Kibaki Odinga Others Total
Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes %
Central 21,918 2.1 630,194 60.4 373,147 35.8 10,668 1.0 6,945 0.7 1,042,872
Coast 188,296 62.1 33,399 11.0 32,201 10.6 42,796 14.1 6,653 2.2 303,345
Eastern 290,372 37.0 79,436 10.1 392,481 50.0 13,673 1.7 8,819 1.1 784,781
North Eastern 46,420 74.8 7,188 11.6 3,259 5.3 5,084 8.2 73 0.1 62,024
Nairobi 62,410 16.6 165,553 44.1 69,715 18.6 75,888 20.2 1,944 0.5 375,510
Nyanza 117,554 15.2 10,299 1.3 51,998 6.7 581,490 75.4 9,807 1.3 771,148
Rift Valley 981,488 71.5 214,727 15.6 98,302 7.2 75,465 5.5 3,535 0.3 1,373,517
Western 219,187 39.3 214,060 38.4 14,404 2.6 98,822 17.7 10,846 1.9 557,319
Total 1,927,645 36.6 1,354,856 25.7 1,035,507 19.6 903,886 17.1 48,622 0.9 5,270,516
Source: Nohlen et al.

National Assembly[edit]

Following the elections, Moi appointed a further 12 KANU members to the National Assembly.[4]

Party Votes % Seats
Kenya African National Union 1,327,691 24.5 100
FORD–Asili 1,118,247 20.6 31
Democratic Party 1,016,049 18.7 23
FORD–Kenya 928,364 17.1 31
Kenya National Congress 87,788 1.5 1
Party of Independent Candidates of Kenya 42,109 0.8 1
Kenya Social Congress 17,133 0.3 1
Kenya National Democratic Alliance 771 0.0 0
Social Democratic Party 177 0.0 0
Invalid/blank votes 61,173
Total 5,486,768 100 188
Registered voters/turnout 7,900,366 69.4
Source: Nohlen et al.

Aftermath[edit]

In 1993 Kenneth Matiba filed a petition against the election results. However, his failure to personally sign the petition resulted in the petition being struck out by Justice Riaga Omolo. Matiba, was physically incapacitated and had given his wife power of attorney. In 2012, Justice Omolo was declared unfit to serve in the judiciary by the Judges and Magistrates Vetting Board over this decision.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Human Rights Watch (1993), Divide and Rule: State Sponsored Ethnic Violence in Kenya
  2. ^ Elections held in 1992 Inter-Parliamentary Union
  3. ^ Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p486 ISBN 0-19-829645-2
  4. ^ Elections in Kenya African Elections Database
  5. ^ Why this election may be won in courts The Star, 12 January 2013