Kenyan general election, 1961

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General elections were held in Kenya in February 1961. The result was a victory for the Kenya African National Union, which won 19 of the 53 elected seats.

Electoral system[edit]

Twenty seats were reserved for minority communities; ten for whites, eight for Indians and two for Arabs. There were also twelve appointees.[1] Primary elections were held for the reserved seats by members of the respective communities, and candidates receiving at least 25% of the vote advanced to the main elections.[2]

Of the 1,411,117 registered voters, 29,879 (2.18%) were Indian, 19,332 (1.37%) white and 5,472 (0.38%) Arabs.[3]

Results[edit]

Nine constituencies (with a total of 353,251 registered voters) were uncontested, reducing the number of actual voters to 1,057,866.[3]

Party Votes % Seats
Kenya African National Union 590,661 67.5 19
Kenya African Democratic Union 143,079 16.3 11
Baluhya Political Union 28,817 3.3 1
New Kenya Party 28,284 3.2 4
Kenya Indian Congress 10,488 1.2 3
Kenya Coalition 8,891 1.0 3
Kenya Freedom Party 5,263 0.6 2
Kenya National Congress 4,561 0.5 0
Shungwaya Freedom Party 3,748 0.4 1
Coast People's Party 1,693 0.2 0
Tana River Pokomo Union 699 0.1 0
African independents 13,917 1.6 1
Arab independents 5,712 0.6 2
Asian Hindu independents 4,648 0.5 0
Asian Muslim independents 11,880 1.3 3
European independents 12,768 1.4 3
Appointed members 12
Invalid/blank votes 9,678
Total 884,787 100 65
Registered voters/turnout 1,057,866 83.6
Source: Sternberger et al

References[edit]

  1. ^ Elections in Kenya African Election Database
  2. ^ Robert M. Maxon & Thomas P. Ofcansky (2014) Historical Dictionary of Kenya, Rowman & Littlefield, p202
  3. ^ a b Dolf Sternberger, Bernhard Vogel, Dieter Nohlen & Klaus Landfried (1978) Die Wahl der Parlamente: Band II: Afrika, Erster Halbband, p972