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Panorama of Khust from the Castle Hill
Panorama of Khust from the Castle Hill
Flag of Khust
Coat of arms of Khust
Khust is located in Zakarpattia Oblast
Location of Khust
Khust is located in Ukraine
Khust (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 48°10′53″N 23°17′52″E / 48.18139°N 23.29778°E / 48.18139; 23.29778Coordinates: 48°10′53″N 23°17′52″E / 48.18139°N 23.29778°E / 48.18139; 23.29778
Country Ukraine
Oblast Zakarpattia Oblast
RaionKhust city council
 • MayorVolodymyr Kashchuk
164 m (538 ft)
 • City of regional significance28,206
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Area code(s)+380-3142
WebsiteOfficial Website

Khust (Ukrainian: Хуст) is a city located on the Khustets River in Zakarpattia Oblast (province) in western Ukraine. It is near the сonfluence of the Tisa and Rika Rivers. Serving as the administrative center of Khust Raion (district), the city itself does not belong to the raion and is designated as a city of oblast significance, with the status equal to that of a raion. Population: 28,206 (2021 est.)[1]

Khust was the capital of the short-lived republic of Carpatho-Ukraine.

Origin of name[edit]

The name is most possibly related to the name of the stream Hustets or Husztica, whose meaning is "kerchief". It is also conceivable that the name of the city comes from a Romanian traditional food ingredient – husti.

There are several alternative names used for this city: Ukrainian/Rusyn: Хуст, Romanian: Hust, Hungarian: Huszt, Czech/Slovak: Chust, Yiddish: חוסט, German: Chust.

There is also one fairy tale about the town's name: Once a chort was walking around the town and then mountain had appeared. A moment later, it fell down on his tail. He shouted, Hvust (Transcarpathian dialect, "Хвіст" in Ukrainian, tail in English). Another chort heard "Khust"... In that way, the name of the town was formed.


The settlement was first mentioned as terra Huzth, in 1324.[2] Its castle, supposed to be built in 1090 by king St. Ladislaus of Hungary as a defence against the Cumans and destroyed during the Mongol invasion of Hungary, was mentioned in 1353. The town got privileges in 1329.[2]

In 1458 King Matthias imprisoned his uncle, the rebellious Mihály Szilágyi in the castle. In 1514, during György Dózsa's peasant revolt local peasants captured the castle. In 1526 the area became a part of Transylvania.

The army of Ferdinand I captured the town in 1546. In 1594 the Tartars destroyed the town, but could not take the castle. The castle was besieged in 1644 by the army of George I Rákóczi, in 1657 by the Polish, in 1661–62 by the Ottoman and Tartar hordes. Count Ferenc Rhédey, the ruling prince of Transylvania and high steward of Máramaros county died in the castle on 13 May 1667.

The castle surrendered to the Kurucs on 17 August 1703, and the independence of Transylvania was proclaimed here. It was the last castle the Habsburgs occupied when suppressing the freedom fight of the Kurucs, in 1711. The seriously damaged castle was struck by lightning and burnt down on 3 July 1766; a storm brought down its tower in 1798, it has been in ruins ever since then. Khust was renamed as Csebreny in 1882 during Magyarization process. In 1861, Rabbi Moshe Schick, established what was, at that time, the largest yeshiva in the world, with over 800 students.

In 1910 Khust had 10,292 citizens, 5,230 Ukrainians, 3,505 Hungarians and 1,535 Germans.[citation needed] Until the Treaty of Trianon it belonged to Hungary and was the seat of the Khust district of Máramaros county. After World War I, in summer 1919 the Rumanian troops took over the territory. But according to the St.-Germain treaty Czechoslovakia received the city, as part of newly formed Podkarpatsko ("under the Carpathians") region (Subcarpathia).[3] Czechoslovakia had to provide the region a wide autonomy, but autonomy was realised only in 1938. In Autumn 1938 an autonomous government was organised. The day after the collapse of Czechoslovakia on 14 March 1939, the Khust city government proclaimed, by the will of the local population, independence as Carpathian Ukraine on 15 March 1939. The next day, 16 March 1939, Hungarian troops invaded Khust and claimed it as part of Hungary. On 24 October 1944 Soviet troops occupied the city, and annexed it into the Soviet Union. The Soviet government deported much of the city's German and Hungarian populations.

WWII and the Holocaust[edit]

Holocaust Victims Memorial (Holon, Israel)
Interior of the Khust Synagogue

Prior to 1939, Jews thrived in Khust and owned many businesses. When the city became part of Hungary in March 1939 again, many Jewish citizens were forced into labor camps. A ghetto was established, and Jews from other regions were forced to live there. Additional ghettos were established nearby in Iza and Szeklence (toda Sokyrnycia, Ukraine).[4] By April 1944,[5] most Jewish residents were killed at Auschwitz.[6][7] Prior to the war, there were 8 synagogues in the city. One survives and is in use today.[4]


In 2001 it had 31,900 inhabitants, including:[8]

Until the 19th century the city's population also included ethnic Romanians (800 Romanians according to the 1880 census).


Khust has an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb).

Climate data for Khust
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.8
Average precipitation mm (inches) 47

Tourist sights[edit]

  • Ruins of the Khust Castle
  • Protestant fortress church 13th–14th century, Protestant since 1524, fortified in 1616, 1644, 1661 and 1670, restored in 1773 and 1888. Its belfry is from the 15th century; until 1861 it had four pinnacles.
  • Roman Catholic church (Baroque, 18th century)
  • Greek Orthodox church (18th century)

Famous people[edit]

  • Jenő Benda, writer, journalist was born here in 1882.
  • Leslie Buck (born Laszlo Büch), American business executive and Holocaust survivor, designer of the Anthora coffee cup, was born in Khust in 1922.[10][11]
  • Myroslav Dochynets, Ukrainian writer was born here in 1959.
  • Jaromír Hořec, Czech poet, writer and journalist was born here in 1921.
  • József Koller, historian of religion was born here in 1745.
  • Antonín Moskalyk, Czech film director was born here in 1930.
  • Ernő Szép, writer was born here in 1894.
  • Count József Teleki, scientist was born here on December 21, 1738.
  • Rabbi Zeev ben Moshe Feuerlicht (born 1918), studied in yeshiva of Satu-Mare Rebbe, Romania, during the Liberation of Czechoslovakia from Nazi Germany he joined as an active fighter the Gen. Ludvík Svoboda Army, served in Prague synagogue Alt-neu Shul as a Rabbi, educator and shochet. Rabbi Feuerlicht, together with Rabbi Karol Efraim Sidon, is credited for survival of the Jewish Orthodox community in Czechoslovakia after WWII.
  • Mikhailo Deyak, artist born in Zolotar’ovo
  • Rachel Ta-Shma, scientist of Hebrew university, Jerusalem


Monument at the entrance to the city
Gothic Reformed Fortress Church 13th Century
Castle ruins
War memorial

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  2. ^ a b Ivanciuc, Teofil. "Primele atestări ale târgurilor de coroană maramureşene (The earliest mentions of the Maramureş Royal Market Towns)". Revista Arhivei Maramureşene.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ PRECLÍK, Vratislav: "Profesor Masaryk a Podkarpatská Rus právě před sto lety" (Professor Masaryk and Subcarpatian Russia just hundred years ago), in Čas: časopis Masarykova demokratického hnutí, leden - březen 2019, roč.XXVII. čís. 125. ISSN 1210-1648, str.18 – 23
  4. ^ a b "Khust - guidebook - Shtetl Routes - NN Theatre". Retrieved 2022-03-01.
  5. ^ "The Jewish Community of Khust". Retrieved 2022-03-01.
  6. ^ "The Last Jews of Zakarpattia". 29 January 2017.
  7. ^ "Khust". Retrieved 2022-03-01.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-11. Retrieved 2007-03-17.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Climate: Khust". Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  10. ^ Fox, Margalit (2010-04-29). "Leslie Buck, Designer of Iconic Coffee Cup, Dies at 87". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-31.
  11. ^ "NY coffee cup creator Leslie Buck dies at 87". The Daily Telegraph. 2010-05-01. Retrieved 2010-06-05.

External links[edit]