Kiani Crown

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Kiani Crown
Country Iran
Made 1796
Material Gold, silver
Cap Red Velvet
Notable stones Pearl, diamond
Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar wearing the Kayanid Crown, One of 274 Vintage Photographs. Brooklyn Museum.

The Kiani Crown was the traditional coronation crown in the Iranian Crown Jewels which was used during the Qajar dynasty (1796–1925).

The crown itself is made of red velvet, on which 1800 small pearls, many only 7 millimetres in diameter are stitched on. The crown is 32 cm (12.5 in.) high and 19.5 cm (7.5 in.) wide. It is currently kept in the National Treasury of Iran in Tehran.

Reza Shah, the founder of the Pahlavi dynasty, had his own Pahlavi Crown designed but the Kiani Crown was present during his coronation in 1926.

Middle- and New Persian "Kia(an)" is a continuation of Avestan kavi (or kauui) "king" and also "poet-sacrificer" or "poet-priest."

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