According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 254.86 square kilometres (98.40 sq mi) constituting 7000920000000099999♠9.20% of the 2,769.08-square-kilometre- (1,069.15 sq mi) total area of Benguet.
Kibungan is known in the province of Benguet as the town with unique mountains often mistaken to resemble those of Switzerland. Deep ravines and cliffs separate and isolate many sitios and some barangays. Although some plateaus, hills and small valleys can be seen in the locality, Kibungan is dominantly mountainous.
The municipality is within a cool highland mountainous zone with elevations at more than 2,500 metres (8,200 ft) above sea level. During its coolest months of December to January, Barangay Madaymen experiences chilling temperature of 0 °C (32 °F), causing the famous Frost of Madaymen.
The municipality is located 62 kilometres (39 mi) north of Baguio.
Les-eng Rice Terraces: These terraces can be reached after 6-hour hike through lush pine forests in Barangay Tacadang.
Mayos River: located at the north-eastern part of Barangay Poblacion. It is approximately 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) in length and is about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) away from Poblacion Proper. The river originates from ridges of nearby Barangays Madaymen, Palina and Tacadang; and supplies water to rice paddies and vegetable farms along the vicinity.
Palina Rice Terraces: In Barangay Palina at the foot of Mount Kilkili, believed to be a former volcano because of its conical shape. It was constructed following a century-old system of rice terraces built with stone walls and neatly arranged one after the other. The rice terraces are at their best in December and June when the rice paddies turn golden yellow, near harvest time. The Palina rice terraces is known as the municipality’s rice granary.
A road network links the area to the town proper and other barangays but public transport vehicles are limited.
In order to promote the uniqueness of the municipality's ecotourism, the people want the tag "Switzerland of Benguet" removed as of 2007. The tag was created in good faith as the municipality is a mountainous region and has a cool climate that is associated with Switzerland. However, this gives the wrong impression that the municipality has snow-covered peaks for skiing.