Tuba, Benguet

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Tuba at Camp 6 along Kennon Road
Tuba at Camp 6 along Kennon Road
Official seal of Tuba
Location in the province of Benguet
Location in the province of Benguet
Tuba is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°19′N 120°33′E / 16.317°N 120.550°E / 16.317; 120.550Coordinates: 16°19′N 120°33′E / 16.317°N 120.550°E / 16.317; 120.550
Country Philippines
Region Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
Province Benguet
District Lone District of Benguet
Founded 1911
Barangays 13
 • Mayor Florencio Bentrez
 • Total 295.97 km2 (114.27 sq mi)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 42,874
 • Density 140/km2 (380/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2603
Dialing code 74
Income class 1st class
Website www.tuba.gov.ph

Tuba is a first class[3] municipality in the province of Benguet, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 42,874 people.[2]

The town is known as the Gateway to Baguio, as the three major highways that give access to the adjacent city of Baguio are largely traversed in the municipality.[4][5]


Tuba was originally a barrio[6] of the township of Baguio in the early 1900s under the American Occupation of the Philippines.[7] It was separated from Baguio upon the latter's conversion into a chartered city on September 1, 1909,[8] and became part of the township of Twin Peaks in Benguet.[6]

Twin Peaks was abolished as a township on December 11, 1911 with the issuance of Executive Order No. 77 by American Governor General William Cameron Forbes, creating the township of Tuba.[6][7]

On June 25, 1963, President Diosdado Macapagal issued Executive Order No. 42 and by operation of Section 2 of Republic Act No. 1515, the municipal District of Tuba was converted into a regular municipality.


Tuba is situated in the south-western tip of the Central Cordillera Mountain Range that extends from the north-western tip of Luzon towards Pangasinan. South of the municipality lies the province of Pangasinan and to the west lies the Ilocos rolling hills of the province of La Union. It is hemmed in by the municipalities of Sablan and La Trinidad on the north; the city of Baguio and the municipality of Itogon on the east; and the municipalities of Sison and San Manuel on the south.

The municipality's urban area comprises the barangays of Poblacion and Camp 3, having a composite land area of 83.85 square kilometres (32.37 sq mi), or 19.31% of the total land area.


The 13 barangays of the Municipality of Tuba[9]
Rank Barangay Population Rank Barangay Population
1 Camp 3 10,413 8 Camp One 1,742
2 Camp 4 5,973 9 Taloy Norte 1,307
3 Poblacion 5,958 10 Tabaan Sur 1,264
4 Tadiangan 5,685 11 Tabaan Norte 1,133
5 Taloy Sur 2,681 12 Twin Peaks 1,127
6 Nangalisan 2,428 13 San Pascual 1,080
7 Ansagan 2,083 Tuba Total 42,874


The municipality's topography is generally characterized by irregular rugged terrain and steep slopes. It is a plateau with several mountain peaks rising from the table land itself. Mount Santo Tomas, the highest peak in the municipality[10] soars to 2,252 meters above sea level.[11]

Four major rivers/streams and 49 tributary/minor rivers and creeks intersect the landform and serve as the drains of the municipality.


Tuba has 2 pronounced seasons - wet and dry. The dry season starts in November and lasts until April while the wet season lasts from May to October.


Population census of Tuba
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 39,635 —    
1995 39,589 −0.02%
2000 38,366 −0.67%
2007 40,008 +0.58%
2010 42,874 +2.55%
Source: National Statistics Office[2][12]


Mining is a major contributor to the economy of Tuba.[13] The town's mining industry began upon the discovery of gold in the province of Benguet during the early 1930s.[14] Since 1958, Philex Mining Corporation, the largest gold and copper producer in the Philippines, has been operating the first underground block cave mine in the Far East at Padcal in Barangay Camp 3.[15][16]

A few abandoned mining sites such as those of Benguet Exploration Mine and Black Mountain, Inc. have been left unattended for years, which pose a threat to the local population and the environment.[17]

The presence of waterfalls, hot springs and natural caves in the municipality boosts tourism.[5] [18] Mount Cabuyao and Mount Santo Tomas, the highest mountain in the town, are frequently visited by mountaineers.[19] [20]


Public schools[edit]

As of 2014, Tuba has 32 public elementary schools and 6 public secondary schools.[21][22][23]


View from Palispis Highway at Poblacion in Tuba
Palispis Highway at Poblacion
View from Kennon Road at Camp 3 in Tuba
Kennon Road at Camp 3

The three major highways that connect the lowlands to Baguio City pass through the municipality.[24]

Highway Barangays traversed
(downhill from Baguio City)
Kennon Road
  • Camp 4
  • Camp 3
  • Camp One
Aspiras-Palispis Highway
  • Poblacion
  • Taloy Norte
  • Taloy Sur
Naguilian Road
  • Tadiangan
  • Nangalisan


  1. ^ "Province: Benguet". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Philippine Standard Geographic Code listing for Tuba - National Statistical Coordination Board
  4. ^ Galacgac, Aure (14 November 2011). "Gateway to Baguio marks centennial". Sun.Star Baguio. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Laking, Jimmy (10 August 2014). "Tuba to clear 2-story structure blocking Bridal Veil Falls’ view". Baguio Midland Courier. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c "LGU-Pugo-History". Provincial Government of La Union (official website). Retrieved 3 October 2014. (Note: Pugo was part of the municipal district of Benguet Province until February 4, 1920) 
  7. ^ a b "The Municipality of Tuba". Municipality of Tuba, Benguet (official website). Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "Facts & Figures: Benguet Province". Philippine Statistics Authority (National Statistical Coordination Board - Cordillera Administrative Region). Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  9. ^ "2010 Census of Population and Housing: Population Counts - Cordillera Administrative Region" (PDF). National Statistics Office (Philippines). April 4, 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  10. ^ "Barangay Poblacion profile". Municipality of Tuba website. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "Mt. Cabuyao (2,025 +) / Mt. Sto. Tomas (2,256 +)". Pinoymountaineer.com. 19 April 2008. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "Province of Benguet". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  13. ^ "Mining Seen to Boost Local Economy". Mechanics Hub. 19 January 2010. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  14. ^ "Municipality of Tuba, Benguet". Department of Interior and Local Government - Cordillera Administrative Region. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  15. ^ "Philex Mining Corp.". Chamber of Mines of the Philippines. Chamber of Mines of the Philippines. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  16. ^ "Pacdal Mines". Philex Mining Corporation. Philex Mining Corporation. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  17. ^ Beleo, Salvacion (10 January 2012). "Abandoned mining sites endanger people and environment - solon". House of Representatives of the Philippines (official website). Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  18. ^ "Benguet: Tourist Attractions". VisitMyPhilippines. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  19. ^ Llanes, Jonathan (24 April 2013). "A Mt. Sto. Tomas sojourn". Sun.Star Baguio. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  20. ^ "Mt. Cabuyao (2,025 +) / Mt. Sto. Tomas (2,256 +)". PinoyMountaineer. 19 April 2008. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  21. ^ "Masterlist of Public Elementary Schools for the School year 2012- 2013" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 15, 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  22. ^ a b "Masterlist of Secondary Schools (School Year 2013- 2014)" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 4, 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  23. ^ a b "Masterlist of Public Schools SY 2013-2014" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), 22 October 2014. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  24. ^ "Tuba, Benguet". Mapcentral. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 

External links[edit]