Tuba, Benguet

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Tuba
Municipality
Poblacion
Poblacion
Official seal of Tuba
Seal
Nickname(s): Gateway to Baguio[1][2]
Map of Benguet showing the location of Tuba
Location within Benguet province
Tuba is located in Philippines
Tuba
Tuba
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°19′N 120°33′E / 16.32°N 120.55°E / 16.32; 120.55Coordinates: 16°19′N 120°33′E / 16.32°N 120.55°E / 16.32; 120.55
Country Philippines
Region Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
Province Benguet
District Lone District of Benguet
Founded 1911
Barangays 13 (see Barangays)
Government
 • Mayor Ignacio R. Rivera
Area[3]
 • Total 295.97 km2 (114.27 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[4]
 • Total 47,648
 • Density 160/km2 (420/sq mi)
 • Voter(2016)[5] 23,210
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2603
IDD:area code +63 (0)74
Income class 1st class
PSGC 141113000
Website www.tuba.gov.ph

Tuba, officially the Municipality of Tuba (Ilocano: Ili ti Tuba; Filipino: Bayan ng Tuba), is a municipality in the province of Benguet in the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) of the Philippines. The population was 47,648 at the 2015 census.[4] In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 23,210 registered voters.[5]

Tuba is known as the "Gateway to Baguio", as the Ben Palispis Highway and Kennon Road, two main access highways of the adjacent city of Baguio, are largely traversed in the municipality.[1][2]

History[edit]

Tuba was originally a barrio[6] of the township of Baguio in the early 1900s under the American Occupation of the Philippines.[7] It was separated from Baguio upon the latter's conversion into a chartered city on September 1, 1909,[8] and became part of the township of Twin Peaks in Benguet.[6]

Twin Peaks was abolished as a township on December 11, 1911 with the issuance of Executive Order No. 77 by American Governor General William Cameron Forbes, creating the township of Tuba.[6][7]

On June 25, 1963, President Diosdado Macapagal issued Executive Order No. 42 and by operation of Section 2 of Republic Act No. 1515, the municipal District of Tuba was converted into a regular municipality.[9]

Geography[edit]

Tuba is located at 16°19′N 120°33′E / 16.32°N 120.55°E / 16.32; 120.55, at the south-western tip of both Benguet and the Central Cordillera Mountain Range. South of the municipality lies the province of Pangasinan and to the west lies the Ilocos rolling hills of the province of La Union. It is bordered on the north by Sablan and La Trinidad; east by Baguio and Itogon; and south by Sison and San Manuel.

Camp 6 along Kennon Road

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 295.97 square kilometres (114.27 sq mi)[3] constituting 10.69% of the 2,769.08-square-kilometre- (1,069.15 sq mi) total area of Benguet.

The municipality's urban area comprises the barangays of Poblacion and Camp 3, having a composite land area of 83.85 square kilometres (32.37 sq mi), or 19.31% of the total land area.

Topography[edit]

Tuba's topography is generally characterized by irregular rugged terrain and steep slopes with several mountain peaks rising from the table land itself. Mount Santo Tomas, the highest peak in the municipality[10] soars to 2,252 metres (7,388 ft) above sea level.[11][unreliable source]

Four major rivers/streams and 49 tributary/minor rivers and creeks intersect the landform and serve as the drains of the municipality.

Climate[edit]

Tuba has 2 pronounced seasons - wet and dry. The dry season starts in November and lasts until April while the wet season lasts from May to October.

Barangays[edit]

Tuba is politically subdivided into 13 barangays.[12]


PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[4] 2010[13]
141113001 Ansagan 5.0% 2,386 2,083 2.62%
141113002 Camp One 3.7% 1,773 1,742 0.34%
141113003 Camp 3 21.1% 10,033 10,413 −0.71%
141113004 Camp 4 15.0% 7,136 5,973 3.45%
141113006 Nangalisan 5.1% 2,433 2,428 0.04%
141113007 Poblacion 16.2% 7,711 5,958 5.03%
141113008 San Pascual 2.4% 1,148 1,080 1.17%
141113009 Tabaan Norte 3.0% 1,422 1,133 4.42%
141113010 Tabaan Sur 2.8% 1,315 1,264 0.76%
141113011 Tadiangan 14.1% 6,721 5,685 3.24%
141113012 Taloy Norte 2.9% 1,396 1,307 1.26%
141113013 Taloy Sur 6.3% 2,990 2,681 2.10%
141113014 Twin Peaks 2.5% 1,184 1,127 0.94%
Total 47,648 42,874 2.03%

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Tuba
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 39,635 —    
1995 39,589 −0.02%
2000 38,366 −0.67%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
2007 40,008 +0.58%
2010 42,874 +2.55%
2015 47,648 +2.03%

In the 2015 census, Tuba had a population of 47,648.[4] The population density was 160 inhabitants per square kilometre (410/sq mi).

In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 23,210 registered voters.[5]

Economy[edit]

Mining is a major contributor to the economy of Tuba.[16] The town's mining industry began upon the discovery of gold in the province of Benguet during the early 1930s.[17] Since 1958, Philex Mining Corporation, the largest gold and copper producer in the Philippines, has been operating the first underground block cave mine in the Far East at Padcal in Barangay Camp 3.[18][19]

A few abandoned mining sites such as those of Benguet Exploration Mine and Black Mountain, Inc. have been left unattended for years, which pose a threat to the local population and the environment.[20]

The presence of waterfalls, hot springs and natural caves in the municipality boosts tourism.[2][21] Mount Cabuyao and Mount Santo Tomas, the highest mountain in the town, are frequently visited by mountaineers.[22][23][unreliable source]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

As of 2014, Tuba has 32 public elementary schools and 6 public secondary schools.[24][25][26]

Transportation[edit]

View from Palispis Highway at Poblacion in Tuba
Palispis Highway at Poblacion
View from Kennon Road at Camp 3 in Tuba
Kennon Road at Camp 3

The three major highways that connect the lowlands to Baguio City pass through the municipality.[27]

Highway Barangays traversed
(downhill from Baguio City)
Kennon Road
  • Camp 4
  • Camp 3
  • Camp One
Aspiras-Palispis Highway
  • Poblacion
  • Taloy Norte
  • Taloy Sur
Naguilian Road
  • Tadiangan
  • Nangalisan

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Galacgac, Aure (14 November 2011). "Gateway to Baguio marks centennial". Sun.Star Baguio. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c Laking, Jimmy (10 August 2014). "Tuba to clear 2-story structure blocking Bridal Veil Falls' view". Baguio Midland Courier. Archived from the original on 7 August 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Province: Benguet". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c "LGU-Pugo-History". Provincial Government of La Union (official website). Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2014. (Note: Pugo was part of the municipal district of Benguet Province until February 4, 1920) 
  7. ^ a b "The Municipality of Tuba". Municipality of Tuba, Benguet (official website). Archived from the original on 15 October 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "Facts & Figures: Benguet Province". Philippine Statistics Authority (National Statistical Coordination Board - Cordillera Administrative Region). Archived from the original on 28 February 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  9. ^ "Executive Order No. 42, s. 1963: Declaring Certain Municipal Districts in the Philippines as Municipalities". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  10. ^ "Barangay Poblacion profile". Municipality of Tuba website. Archived from the original on 15 October 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "Mt. Cabuyao (2,025 +) / Mt. Sto. Tomas (2,256 +)". Pinoymountaineer.com. 19 April 2008. Archived from the original on 15 May 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "Municipal: Tuba, Benguet". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  13. ^ a b "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  14. ^ "Province of Benguet". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  15. ^ "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007): Total Population by Province, City and Municipality (Report). NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  16. ^ "Mining Seen to Boost Local Economy". Mechanics Hub. 19 January 2010. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  17. ^ "Municipality of Tuba, Benguet". Department of Interior and Local Government - Cordillera Administrative Region. Archived from the original on 11 December 2015. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  18. ^ "Philex Mining Corp.". Chamber of Mines of the Philippines. Chamber of Mines of the Philippines. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  19. ^ "Pacdal Mines". Philex Mining Corporation. Philex Mining Corporation. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  20. ^ Beleo, Salvacion (10 January 2012). "Abandoned mining sites endanger people and environment - solon". House of Representatives of the Philippines (official website). Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  21. ^ "Benguet: Tourist Attractions". VisitMyPhilippines. Archived from the original on 16 October 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  22. ^ Llanes, Jonathan (24 April 2013). "A Mt. Sto. Tomas sojourn". Sun.Star Baguio. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  23. ^ "Mt. Cabuyao (2,025 +) / Mt. Sto. Tomas (2,256 +)". PinoyMountaineer. 19 April 2008. Archived from the original on 15 May 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  24. ^ "Masterlist of Public Elementary Schools for the School year 2012- 2013" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 15, 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  25. ^ a b "Masterlist of Secondary Schools (School Year 2013- 2014)" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 4, 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  26. ^ a b "Masterlist of Public Schools SY 2013-2014" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), 22 October 2014. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  27. ^ "Tuba, Benguet". Mapcentral. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 

External links[edit]