Buguias, Benguet

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Buguias
Municipality
Houses in Buguias
Houses in Buguias
Official seal of Buguias
Seal
Map of Benguet showing the location of Buguias
Map of Benguet with Buguias highlighted
Buguias is located in Philippines
Buguias
Buguias
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°43′N 120°50′E / 16.72°N 120.83°E / 16.72; 120.83Coordinates: 16°43′N 120°50′E / 16.72°N 120.83°E / 16.72; 120.83
Country  Philippines
Region Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
Province Benguet
District Lone district of Benguet
Founded February 9, 1942
Barangays 14 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Ruben Tindaan
 • Electorate 20,133 voters (2016)
Area[2]
 • Total 175.88 km2 (67.91 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 43,627
 • Density 250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2607
PSGC 141105000
IDD:area code +63 (0)74
Income class 3rd municipal income class
Website www.buguias.gov.ph

Buguias, officially the Municipality of Buguias (Ilocano: Ili ti Buguias; Filipino: Bayan ng Buguias), is a municipality in the province of Benguet in the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) of the Philippines. The population was 43,627 at the 2015 census.[3] In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 20,133 registered voters.[4]

Etymology[edit]

According to folklore, Buguias got its name from the word bugas (or begas) which means "rice".[5][6]

Another version of its origin would be an Igorot settlement during the pre-Spanish time called Bogey-yas, which was modernized and spelled as Buguias by Spanish authorities.[7]

History[edit]

Spanish period[edit]

The arrival of Spanish colonizers in Buguias were primarily due to the construction of Spanish trails leading to the mountain region. Buguias and Loo were two separate rancherias during the Spanish Regime.[6]

American period[edit]

During the American rule, Buguias was established as one of the 19 townships of the province of Benguet, upon the issuance of Act No. 48 by the Philippine Commission on November 22, 1900.[7][8][9]

On November 23, 1900, the township of Loo was abolished and integrated into the township of Buguias with the issuance of Act No. 49.[5][10]

On August 13, 1908, Benguet was established as a sub-province of the newly created Mountain Province with the enactment of Act No. 1876. As a result, six townships of Benguet were abolished, but Buguias remained a constituent town of Benguet sub-province.[9]

Post-war era[edit]

On June 25, 1963, President Diosdado Macapagal issued Executive Order No. 42 converting eight (8) of the thirteen (13) towns (designated as municipal districts) of Benguet sub-province into regular municipalities. Buguias was among them.[11]

On June 18, 1966, the sub-province of Benguet was separated from the old Mountain Province and was converted into a regular province. Buguias remained to be a component municipality of the newly established province.[9][12]

Geography[edit]

Buguias is located at 16°43′N 120°50′E / 16.72°N 120.83°E / 16.72; 120.83, at the northeastern section of Benguet. It is bounded by Mankayan on the north-west, Bakun on the mid-west, Kibungan on the south-west, Kabayan on the south, Tinoc on the east, Hungduan on the north-east, and Bauko on the north.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 175.88 square kilometres (67.91 sq mi)[2] constituting 6.35% of the 2,769.08-square-kilometre- (1,069.15 sq mi) total area of Benguet.

Buguias is 83 kilometres (52 mi) away from Baguio.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Buguias
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.1
(73.6)
23.9
(75)
24.7
(76.5)
25.3
(77.5)
24.6
(76.3)
24.1
(75.4)
22.9
(73.2)
22.5
(72.5)
23.0
(73.4)
23.6
(74.5)
23.8
(74.8)
23.3
(73.9)
23.73
(74.72)
Average low °C (°F) 13.3
(55.9)
13.9
(57)
14.8
(58.6)
16.2
(61.2)
16.7
(62.1)
16.6
(61.9)
16.4
(61.5)
16.6
(61.9)
16.3
(61.3)
16.0
(60.8)
15.5
(59.9)
14.2
(57.6)
15.54
(59.97)
Average rainy days 2 3 6 9 19 21 26 26 23 14 9 5 163
Source: Storm247 [13]

Barangays[edit]

Buguias is politically subdivided into 14 barangays.[14]


PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[15]
141105001 Abatan 7.7% 3,375 2,780 3.76%
141105002 Amgaleyguey 8.0% 3,480 3,538 −0.31%
141105003 Amlimay 5.1% 2,206 2,197 0.08%
141105004 Baculongan Norte 6.4% 2,778 2,157 4.94%
141105006 Bangao 10.8% 4,730 4,269 1.97%
141105007 Buyacaoan 7.6% 3,326 3,160 0.98%
141105008 Calamagan 1.9% 816 739 1.91%
141105009 Catlubong 7.2% 3,125 2,758 2.41%
141105010 Loo 12.1% 5,262 4,388 3.52%
141105012 Natubleng 6.1% 2,670 2,513 1.16%
141105013 Poblacion (Central) 8.0% 3,507 3,472 0.19%
141105014 Baculongan Sur 8.2% 3,556 3,169 2.22%
141105015 Lengaoan 4.7% 2,049 1,488 6.28%
141105016 Sebang 6.3% 2,747 2,643 0.74%
Total 43,627 39,271 2.02%

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Buguias
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 10 —    
1918 2,611 +44.92%
1939 5,691 +3.78%
1948 5,894 +0.39%
1960 8,658 +3.26%
1970 12,402 +3.65%
1975 15,142 +4.08%
1980 17,509 +2.95%
1990 25,236 +3.72%
1995 28,034 +1.99%
2000 33,177 +3.68%
2007 34,507 +0.54%
2010 39,271 +4.82%
2015 43,627 +2.02%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][15][16][17]

In the 2015 census, Buguias had a population of 43,627.[3] The population density was 250 inhabitants per square kilometre (650/sq mi).

In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 20,133 registered voters.[4]

Economy[edit]

Buguias is primarily an agricultural town. It is one of the leading producers of highland vegetables, especially carrots,[18] in the province of Benguet.[7][19]

Most of the vegetables produced in the town are sold at the La Trinidad Vegetable Trading Post or are marketed to other parts of the country.[20]

Education[edit]

Public schools

As of 2014, Buguias has 43 public elementary schools and 6 public secondary schools.[21][22][23]

Historical markers and shrine[edit]

Veteran Memorial Marker

The Veteran Memorial Marker marks the liberation of Abatan and Buguias on July 27, 1945, that was fought between the Japanese Imperial Army and the combined Filipino and American ground troops. Through municipal council resolution No. 19, July 27, 1945 was declared as the Liberation Day and local holiday in the municipality. Festivals during this date include parades, programs and wreath-laying.

World War II 66th Infantry Shrine

The World War II 66th Infantry Shrine monument, located in Lengaoan along Halsema Highway, symbolizes the bravery of the combined Filipino and American soldiers who stood their ground defending the area and firing their cannons against the Japanese forces.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Benguet". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "History". LGU of Buguias, Benguet. Archived from the original on 2 November 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "Municipality of Buguias: History of Buguias". Province of Benguet (official website). Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c "Municipality of Buguias, Benguet". Department of Interior and Local Government - Cordillera Administrative Region. 29 April 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  8. ^ "Facts & Figures: Benguet Province". Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board - Cordillera Administrative Region. Archived from the original on 28 February 2016. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c "History: Benguet Province". Province of Benguet (official website). Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  10. ^ "Buguias: Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Practices". Province of Benguet (official website). Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  11. ^ "Executive Order No. 42, s. 1963: Declaring Certain Municipal Districts in the Philippines as Municipalities". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  12. ^ "Republic Act No. 4695: An Act Creating the Provinces of Benguet, Mountain Province, Ifugao and Kalinga-Apayao". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. 18 June 1966. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 12 December 2016. 
  13. ^ "Weather forecast for Buguias, Philippines". Storm247.com. StormGeo AS, Nordre Nøstekaien 1, N-5011 Bergen, Norway: StormGeo AS. Retrieved 26 April 2016. 
  14. ^ "Municipal: Buguias, Benguet". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  15. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  16. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  17. ^ "Province of Benguet". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  18. ^ Catajan, Maria Elena (9 October 2010). "Buguias highlights carrots in town fiesta". Sun.Star Baguio. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  19. ^ Arida, Imelda A.; Embuscado, Erwin S. (15 June 2005). "Buguias farmers benefit from the agricultural tramline". Department of Agriculture - Philippine Center for Postharvest Development Mechanization. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  20. ^ Aro, Susan (2 April 2013). "Resorts in Buguias are emerging destinations". Sun.Star Baguio. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  21. ^ "Masterlist of Public Elementary Schools for the School year 2012- 2013" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 15, 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  22. ^ a b "Masterlist of Secondary Schools (School Year 2013- 2014)". Department of Education (Philippines), July 4, 2013. Archived from the original (XLSX) on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  23. ^ a b "Masterlist of Public Schools SY 2013-2014" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), 22 October 2014. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  24. ^ "Public Elementary Schools, Buguias, Benguet". PhilippineCompanies.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 
  25. ^ "Public Secondary Schools, Buguias, Benguet". PhilippineCompanies.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014.