Kihon (基本, きほん) is a Japanese term meaning "basics" or "fundamentals." The term is used to refer to the basic techniques that are taught and practiced as the foundation of most Japanese martial arts.
The practice and mastery of kihon is essential to all advanced training, and includes the practice of correct body form and breathing, while practicing basics such as stances, punches, kicks, blocks, and thrusts, but it also includes basic representative kata.
Kihon techniques tend to be practiced often, in many cases during each practice session. They are considered fundamental to mastery and improvement of all movements of greater complexity. Kihon in martial arts can be seen as analogous to basic skills in, for example, basketball. Professional NBA players continue to practice dribbling, passing, free throws, jump shots, etc. in an effort to maintain and perfect the more complex skills used during a basketball game.
- Luis Bernardo Mercado (2012). Tsuku-Kihon: Dynamic Kumite Techniques of Shotokan Karate. Authorhouse. p. 15. ISBN 1477289283.
- Masayuki Shimabukuro, Leonard Pellman (2008). Flashing Steel: Mastering Eishin-Ryu Swordsmanship. Blue Snake Books. p. 85. ISBN 1583941975.
- Oya Minoru, Professor-International Budo University, Kendo Kyuoshi 7-dan (2006). "The Aims and Ideals of Training/ 3. The Inportance of Kihon (basics)". Kendo World. 3: 50–51. ISSN 1175-8872.
- Claudio A. Iedwab, Roxanne L. Standefer (2000). Martial Arts: Mind & Body. Human Kinetics Europe Ltd. p. 64. ISBN 0736001255.
- Chris Thompson (2008). Black Belt Karate. Blue Snake Books. pp. 25–26. ISBN 1583942548.