Kjell Magne Bondevik
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Kjell Magne Bondevik
|Prime Minister of Norway|
19 October 2001 – 17 October 2005
|Preceded by||Jens Stoltenberg|
|Succeeded by||Jens Stoltenberg|
17 October 1997 – 17 March 2000
|Deputy||Anne Enger |
Odd Roger Enoksen
|Preceded by||Thorbjørn Jagland|
|Succeeded by||Jens Stoltenberg|
|Deputy to the Prime Minister of Norway|
4 October 1985 – 9 May 1986
|Prime Minister||Kåre Willoch|
|Preceded by||Post established|
|Succeeded by||Vacant (succeeded in 1997 by Anne Enger)|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
16 October 1989 – 3 November 1990
|Prime Minister||Jan P. Syse|
|Preceded by||Thorvald Stoltenberg|
|Succeeded by||Thorvald Stoltenberg|
|Minister of Education and Church Affairs|
8 June 1983 – 9 May 1986
|Prime Minister||Kåre Willoch|
|Preceded by||Tore Austad|
|Succeeded by||Kirsti Kolle Grøndahl|
|Leader of the Christian Democratic Party|
16 April 1983 – 24 March 1995
|Preceded by||Kåre Kristiansen|
|Succeeded by||Valgerd Svarstad Haugland|
|State Secretary at the Office of the Prime Minister|
23 October 1972 – 6 August 1973
|Prime Minister||Lars Korvald|
|Member of the Norwegian Parliament|
1 October 1973 – 30 September 2005
|Constituency||Møre og Romsdal|
|Born||3 September 1947|
Molde, Møre og Romsdal, Norway
|Political party||Christian Democratic|
|Alma mater||MF Norwegian School of Theology|
Kjell Magne Bondevik (Norwegian pronunciation: [ˈçɛlː ˈmɑ̀ŋnə ˈbʊ̀nːəviːk] (listen); born 3 September 1947) is a Norwegian Lutheran minister and politician. As leader of the Christian Democratic Party, he served as Prime Minister of Norway from 1997 to 2000, and from 2001 to 2005, making him Norway's longest serving non-Labour Party prime minister since World War II. Currently, Bondevik is president of the Oslo Centre for Peace and Human Rights.
Family and early life
Bondevik was born in Molde, the son of Johannes Bondevik, a principal at the Christian folk high school Rauma folkehøyskole who also was a local politician for the Christian Democratic Party, and Margit, née Hæreid. He became a theological candidate from MF Norwegian School of Theology in 1975. In 1979 he was ordained as pastor in the (Lutheran) Church of Norway. He is married to Bjørg Bondevik (née Rasmussen) and has three children: Bjørn (born 1972), Hildegunn (born 1973) and John Harald (born 1976). Kjell Magne Bondevik is the nephew of politician Kjell Bondevik, the cousin of former bishop Odd Bondevik and brother in law of author and priest Eyvind Skeie.
In 2008, Bondevik said that he regards himself as a "68'er", and that he was "influenced by the radical wind of the time". While he remained in the movement of Young Christian Democrats (Norway, KrFU), he claims to have "radicalized the organization to great despair in the party". He has also said that he would likely rather have "oriented" himself towards the Socialist People's Party, had his radicalization of the Christian Democratic Party not gone through.
Representing the Christian Democratic Party, Bondevik was a member of the Storting (Parliament) from 1973 to 2005. He was his party's parliamentary leader in the periods of 1981–1983, 1986–1989, 1993–1997, 1997, and 2000–2001, and party leader from 1983 to 1995. In this position, he was succeeded by Valgerd Svarstad Haugland. He was also Minister of Foreign Affairs in Jan P. Syse's government of 1989–1990, Minister of Church and Education in Kåre Willoch's government 1983–1986, also Prime Minister Willoch's deputy 1985–1986, and state secretary at the Office of the Prime Minister during Lars Korvald's government 1972–1973.
As Prime Minister
While serving his first term as Prime Minister, Bondevik attracted international attention in August 1998 when he announced that he was suffering from depressive episode, becoming the highest ranking world leader to admit to suffering from a mental illness while in office. Upon this revelation, Anne Enger became acting Prime Minister for three weeks, from 30 August to 23 September, while he recovered from the depressive episode. Bondevik then returned to office. Bondevik received thousands of supportive letters, and said that the experience had been positive overall, both for himself and because it made mental illness more publicly acceptable.
Bondevik's first cabinet was defeated by a motion of no confidence in March 2000 as a result of a dispute over the construction of gas-fired power stations and was replaced by a Labour Party government led by Jens Stoltenberg until their defeat in the 2001 parliamentary election. Bondevik then formed his second cabinet, consisting of the Christian Democratic Party, the Conservative Party and the Liberal Party, which took office on 19 October 2001.
The second Bondevik government carried out reforms and left a booming economy; however, Bondevik was defeated in the 2005 parliamentary election, with 81 seats obtained for Bondevik's coalition and its supporters to the opposition Red-Green Coalition's 88.
Bondevik announced his retirement from national-level politics at the end of his term as prime minister, and did not seek re-election for his seat in parliament.
The Oslo Centre for Peace and Human Rights was founded by Bondevik in January 2006. The purpose of the centre is to work for world peace, human rights and inter-religious tolerance worldwide. The centre cooperates closely with the Carter Center in Atlanta, the Kim Dae Jung Library in Seoul and the Crisis Management Initiative in Helsinki.
On 31 October 2006, he published his memoir, called Et liv i spenning (A life of excitement and tension).
On 31 January 2017, he was the first high-ranking politician from another country detained and questioned in the United States as a result of President Donald Trump's executive orders banning immigration from seven predominantly Muslim nations, because of a diplomatic visit to Iran he had made in 2014.
Awards and decorations
Bondevik was awarded the Grand Cross of St. Olav in 2004, the first sitting Norwegian Prime Minister to receive the Order of St. Olav in 80 years. The award happened due to a change in the Statutes of the Order with automatic awards to the Prime Minister and Ministers of the Government that stirred some debate and criticism. With the succeeding Stoltenberg Government, the practice was halted.
- "Full Members: B". Club de Madrid. Archived from the original on 29 September 2017. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
- "Norske regjeringer siden 1945". Aftenposten. 16 October 2011. Retrieved 2016-10-02.
- Aftenposten English Web Desk/NTB (14 October 2008). "Bondevik attempts dialogue with Iran's president". Aftenposten. Archived from the original on 2008-10-16. Retrieved 2008-10-14.
- Bondevik mistet faren (in Norwegian) Nettavisen, 19 February 2007, retrieved 20 July 2013
- Erling Rimehaug in Norsk biografisk leksikon: Kjell Magne Bondevik (in Norwegian) Store norske leksikon, retrieved 20 July 2013
- Jones, Ben; Bondevik, Kjell Magne (December 2011). "Fighting stigma with openness". Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 89 (12): 862–863. doi:10.2471/BLT.11.041211. PMC 3260893. PMID 22271941. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
- Viggo Valle and Per Kristian Johansen (2 June 2008): Stjerneklart med Kjell Magne Bondevik (in Norwegian) NRK, retrieved 20 July 2013
- Anfindsen, 2010, p. 249.
- BBC Newsnight, 21 January 2008.
- "NORWAY: Row over gas-fired power stations topples Government". edie.net. Retrieved 2020-06-05.
- Former Norway PM held at Washington airport over 2014 visit to Iran The Guardian. Feb 3, 2017.
- Norwegian Ex-Premier Is Stopped at Dulles Airport Over Iran Visit The New York Times. Feb 3, 2017.
- Orden på Bondevik (in Norwegian) Dagbladet, retrieved 20 July 2013
- Den siste ære (in Norwegian) VG, retrieved 20 July 2013
- Maren Næss Olsen (5 August 2011): Kobler terror til Hamsun-år (in Norwegian) Morgenbladet, retrieved 20 July 2013
- Carpenter, Edward (28 September 2009). "USF Welcomes Norwegian Prime Minister". University of San Francisco. Archived from the original on 29 October 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
|Party political offices|
| Chairman of the Youth of the Christian People's Party
| Leader of the Christian Democratic Party
Valgerd Svarstad Haugland
| Norwegian Minister of Church and Education Affairs
Kirsti Kolle Grøndahl
| Norwegian Minister of Foreign Affairs
| Prime Minister of Norway
| Prime Minister of Norway|