Trygve Bratteli

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Trygve Bratteli
Bratteli.jpg
Prime Minister of Norway
In office
12 October 1973 – 15 January 1976
(2 years, 95 days)
Monarch Olav V
Preceded by Lars Korvald
Succeeded by Odvar Nordli
In office
17 March 1971 – 17 October 1972
(1 year, 214 days)
Monarch Olav V
Preceded by Per Borten
Succeeded by Lars Korvald
President of the Nordic Council
In office
1978–1978
Preceded by V. J. Sukselainen
Succeeded by Olof Palme
Minister of Finance
In office
1951–1955
Prime Minister Oscar Torp
Preceded by Olav Meisdalshagen
Succeeded by Mons Lid
In office
1956–1960
Prime Minister Einar Gerhardsen
Preceded by Mons Lid
Succeeded by Petter Jacob Bjerve
Minister of Transport and Communications
In office
23 April 1960 – 28 August 1963
Prime Minister Einar Gerhardsen
Preceded by Kolbjørn Varmann
Succeeded by Lars Leiro
In office
25 September 1963 – 17 January 1964
Prime Minister Einar Gerhardsen
Preceded by Lars Leiro
Succeeded by Erik Himle
Chairman of the Labour Party
In office
1965–1975
Preceded by Einar Gerhardsen
Succeeded by Reiulf Steen
Chairman of the Workers' Youth League
Acting
In office
1945–1946
Preceded by Gunnar Sand
Succeeded by Rolf Åkervik
Member of the Norwegian Parliament
In office
1950–1981
Personal details
Born (1910-01-11)11 January 1910
Nøtterøy, Vestfold
Died 20 November 1984(1984-11-20) (aged 74)
Oslo, Norway
Political party Labour Party
Spouse(s) Randi Bratteli
Children Ola Bratteli
Signature

About this sound Trygve Martin Bratteli  (11 January 1910 – 20 November 1984) was a Norwegian politician from the Labour Party and Prime Minister of Norway in 1971–1972 and 1973–1976. He was President of the Nordic Council in 1978.

Early life and career[edit]

Bratteli was born in Nøtterøy, where he attended primary school. He was unemployed for some time, worked as a messenger, a whaler, and construction worker. Named as secretary of the Labour Party's crisis committee during the Nazi invasion of Norway, he was arrested by the Germans in 1942, was a Nacht und Nebel prisoner of various German concentration camps, including Natzweiler-Struthof, from 1943 to 1945 but survived. He was liberated from Vaihingen an der Enz concentration camp on 5 April 1945 by the White Buses along with 15 other Norwegians who had survived.[1]

Political career[edit]

After returning to Norway in 1945, he became chairman of the Workers' Youth League, vice chairman of the party, served on the newly formed defense commission, and in 1965 he was made chairman of the Labour Party. He was elected to the Norwegian Parliament from Oslo in 1950, and was re-elected on seven occasions.

He was appointed Minister of Finance in Oscar Torp's cabinet, and from 1956 to 1960 in the third cabinet of Einar Gerhardsen. From 1960 to 1963, still during Gerhardsen's third period as Prime Minister, he was Minister of Transport and Communications. He was also acting Minister of Finance from January to February 1962. In September 1963, when Gerhardsen's fourth cabinet was formed, Bratteli was again made Minister of Transport and Communications, a post he held until 1964.

The centre-right cabinet of Borten held office from 1965 to 1971, but when it fell, Bratteli became Prime Minister. In social policy, Bratteli's premiership saw the passage of a law in June 1972 that lowered the pension age to 67.[2] Central to his political career was the question of Norway's membership of the European Community. Following the close rejection of membership in the 1972 referendum, his cabinet resigned. However, the successor cabinet Korvald only lasted one year, and the second cabinet Bratteli was formed following the Norwegian parliamentary election, 1973. It was succeeded by another Labour cabinet Nordli in 1976.

Trygve Bratteli wrote a number of autobiographical and political books. His memoirs about his time in German concentration camps - Prisoner in Night and Fog - became a bestseller in Norway.

Trygve Bratteli was a member of Friends of Israel in the Norwegian Labour Movement (Norwegian: Venner av Israel i Norsk Arbeiderbevegelse), planted a forest to his memory in Israel.

Trygve Bratteli was married to Randi Bratteli. Their children are Ola Bratteli, a professor of mathematics, and Marianne Bratteli, an artist.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thirteen other Norwegians had died at Vaihingen and were buried in a mass grave, according to: Ottosen, Kristian (2001-07-02). "Gjensyn med Vaihingen". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2008-02-21. 
  2. ^ Growth to limits: the Western European welfare states since World War 2: Volume 4 by Peter Flora
Political offices
Preceded by
Olav Meisdalshagen
Norwegian Minister of Finance
1951–1955
Succeeded by
Mons Lid
Preceded by
Mons Lid
Norwegian Minister of Finance
1956–1960
Succeeded by
Petter Jakob Bjerve
Preceded by
Kolbjørn Sigurd Werner Varmann
Norwegian Minister of Transport and Communications
1960–1963
Succeeded by
Lars Leiro
Preceded by
Lars Leiro
Norwegian Minister of Transport and Communications
1963–1964
Succeeded by
Erik Himle
Preceded by
Per Borten
Prime Minister of Norway
1971–1972
Succeeded by
Lars Korvald
Preceded by
Lars Korvald
Prime Minister of Norway
1973–1976
Succeeded by
Odvar Nordli
Party political offices
Preceded by
Ole Øisang
Party secretary of the Labour Party
1945
Succeeded by
Haakon Lie
Preceded by
Gunnar Sand
Chairman of the Workers' Youth League
1945–1946 (acting)
Succeeded by
Rolf Åkervik
Preceded by
Einar Gerhardsen
Chairman of the Norwegian Labour Party
1965–1975
Succeeded by
Reiulf Steen