Krásná Lípa

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Krásná Lípa
Town
Town square
Town square
Flag of Krásná Lípa
Flag
Coat of arms of Krásná Lípa
Coat of arms
Krásná Lípa is located in Czech Republic
Krásná Lípa
Krásná Lípa
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°54′48″N 14°30′32″E / 50.91333°N 14.50889°E / 50.91333; 14.50889Coordinates: 50°54′48″N 14°30′32″E / 50.91333°N 14.50889°E / 50.91333; 14.50889
CountryCzech Republic
RegionÚstí nad Labem
DistrictDěčín
First mentioned1361
Government
 • MayorJan Kolář
Area
 • Total31.39 km2 (12.12 sq mi)
Elevation426 m (1,398 ft)
Population
 • Total3,644
 • Density120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code407 46
Websitewww.krasnalipa.cz

Krásná Lípa (Czech pronunciation: [ˈkraːsnaː ˈliːpa]; German: Schönlinde) is a town in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic. It has c. 3,500 inhabitants.

History[edit]

Square and church in Krásná Lípa

In 1361, a settlement was recorded on the Tollenstein (Tolstejn). Later, about 30 families from Upper Franconia (Germany) colonized the place. In 1654 the community had 36 farm houses and 60 craftsman houses, mainly linen weavers. John Barnes, an English expert on textile industry, was hired in 1731 to found a spinning factory in the town.

Economic development was further stimulated by the construction of the railway in 1869 and on 5 January 1870 Krásná Lípa became a corporate town. In 1910 the town reached its greatest population, with 6930 inhabitants. Along with other parts of the former Austrian Empire, Schönlinde became part of Czechoslovakia in 1919, now called Krásná Lípa, after having been attached to German Austria for some months.

Czechoslovak armed soldiers patrolling the town centre of Krásná Lípa (German: Schönlinde) in the Sudeten Region, September, 1938.
Notice the German language used by the country inn in the background.

The expulsion of Germans after World War II in 1945–1946 reduced the population by half and more than 300 deserted houses were demolished, others dilapidated. One of the Germans who was deported from the Sudetenland was Gerhard Mitter, then age 10, who would become a race driver for Porsche.

Notable people[edit]

External links[edit]