General view on Varnsdorf from Hrádek lookout tower
|Region||Ústí nad Labem|
|• Mayor||Roland Solloch|
|• Total||26.21 km2 (10.12 sq mi)|
|Elevation||332 m (1,089 ft)|
|• Density||580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Varnsdorf (Czech pronunciation: [ˈvarnzdorf]; German: Warnsdorf, Upper Sorbian: Warnoćicy) is a town in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic, with a population of around 15,000. The town is close to the border with Germany, with border crossings to the Saxon towns of Seifhennersdorf and Großschönau, and is the second largest in the Děčín District.
The village of Warnsdorf was first recorded in the fourteenth century, and it united with nearby villages in 1849 to form the largest village in the Austrian Empire. It was made a town in 1868. The town was one of the early sites of Old Catholic Church, and an Old Catholic cathedral remains a tourist attraction. The population has declined somewhat since its peak – the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica gives it as 20,000, and noted it was a textile town.
Prior to the end of World War I, Warnsdorf was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Following that war, the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye incorporated it, together with the region of Bohemia, into the new country of Czechoslovakia. Following the end of World War II, its ethnic German population was mostly expelled to Germany, and the official spelling of its name was changed from the German "Warnsdorf" to the Czech "Varnsdorf".
- Varnsdorf museum
- Culture: Municipal Theater with its own gallery
- Tourism and hiking: road border crossing to Seifhennersdorf, Germany
- St. Peter’s and Paul’s Church
- Cathedral of Old Catholic Church
- Around 2500 Buddhist Vietnamese live in and around Varnsdorf. The city thus hosts the first Buddhist temple in Czech Republic
- Joseph Schubert (1754–1837), German composer, violinist and violist
- Heinrich Brandler (1881–1967), leader of the Communist Party of Germany
- Peter Kien (1919–1944), poet
- Evelyn Opela (born 1945), German actress
- Gernot Zippe (1917–2008), engineer and inventor of Zippe-type centrifuge
- "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
- Buddhist Channel | Buddhism News, Headlines | Europe | Czech Republic first Buddhist temple opens
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