KrioRus

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KrioRus
Native name
КриоРус
TypeLimited liability partnership[1]
IndustryCryonics
Cryopreservation
Founded2006 (2006)
(16 years ago)[2]
FounderDanila Medvedev
Valerya Pride [ru][3][note 1]
HeadquartersBeskudnikovskiy Blvd. [ru], bld. 24/1, apartment 210[2], ,
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Revenue8,000,000 (2013)[3]
199,000 (2018) Edit this on Wikidata
Members11
Number of employees
0 (2017)[2]
Websitewww.kriorus.ru/en

KrioRus (Russian: КриоРус) is the first cryonics company in Russia. It was founded in 2005 by the Russian Transhumanist Movement NGO. It's the only cryonic company in Europe to possess an own cryonic storage.[note 2] The company offers the services of freezing the entire bodies or heads of clients in liquid nitrogen with a plan to revive them if such a technology is developed, but takes no legal obligations to do so.[note 3]

History[edit]

KrioRus was founded in 2005 by a group of nine people who wanted to be cryogenically frozen along with their relatives to be "resurrected" in the future.[5][6] Some of the company founders had past experience in the field of cryopreservation. For instance, in 2003, Igor ARyukhov was the chief advisor to the project that aimed to preserve the brain of a deceased biotechnologist.[3][7]

The company was established as a project run by the Russian Transhumanist Movement NGO. The same year Lydia Fedorenko became the company's first client, yet by that time KrioRus had no cryogemic storage, and Fedorenko relatives had to store her brain with solid CO². By the mid-2010s the company had clients from the United States, Netherlands, Japan, Israel, Italy, Switzerland and Australia. Several relatives of KrioRus employees were put in cryogenic storage as well.[4][8][5][9][10][11][12][13]

Kriorus cryostorage

KrioRus first cryogenic storage facility was constructed in 2006 in Alabushevo [ru], Solnechnogorsky District, Moscow Oblast. The second storage facility was launched in Sergiyevo-Posadsky District of Moscow Oblast in 2012.[7][10][14][15] By 2016, the company planned to build another cryogenic storage near Tver[16] and establish an R&D facility there.[6]

According to KrioRus as well as according to the press reports, as of August 15, 2019 the company has frozen 70 people (36 bodies and 34 patients' heads),[9][16][17] 10 dogs, 17 cats, both male and female, as well as 4 birds and a chinchilla.[6][18] In addition, there are human and animal DNA samples in storage.[19] Almost as many as 200 Russian citizens have entered into cryopreservation agreements with the company.[20] KrioRus is considered to be one of the largest cryonics companies in the world competing with Alcor Life Extension Foundation (170 people in cryogenic storage) and some others. In addition, KrioRus is the first cryocompany in Europe, that possesses its own cryogenic storage facility.[4][6][10][19]

The company participated in a number of medical technology and funeral homes business exhibition in Russia and abroad, namely the Health Industry-2012(Russian: Индустрия здравоохранения-2012),[21][22] Necropolis (Russian: Некрополь) (2013, 2014, 2015, and 2016),[23][24][25][26][27][28] Necropolis-Siberia (2016),[29][30][31] TanExpo (2016).[32][33] At 2013 Necropolis exhibition, the company received the gold medal for innovations.[16]

Top management and staff[edit]

Since 2009, Valeria Udalova [ru] is the current CEO of KrioRus.[34] The former Danila Medvedev is the chairman of the board of directors and a deputy CEO for strategic development.[10][35] Director for Science is the biophysicist, Igor Artyukhov.[4][3][14][36] Since 2016, there are 11 people listed as company founders including Valeria Udalova, Danila Medvedev, and Igor Artyukov.[37][38][39] The R&D team is led by cryobiologist[40] Yuri Pichugin, PhD, who previously worked in Cryonics Institute (USA, Detroit) from 2001 to 2007.[41]

Activities[edit]

KrioRus provides various services related to preservation of human and animal bodies and brains in liquid nitrogen.[7][14][19][42][note 4] The company admits that the technology that would allow to "resurrect" cryogenically frozen people doesn't yet exist, and the success of the procedure depends entirely on the technological advancements in cryonics.[44] The additional services include safekeeping of personal archives to help restore the clients' identities in the future.[44][45][46][47]

The company is incorporated in Russia and works in a relatively new field that isn't yet regulated, which allows it to provide services at lower cost than its US-based rivals.[48] It also plans to expand to countries such as Switzerland where euthanasia is legal, thus allowing for a more simple cryogenic conservation process.[16] KrioRus R&F facilities are located in Moscow and in Voronezh and work on improving of frosting and defrosting methods and technologies.[3][10][32][45] The company collaborates with the Russian Foundation for Advanced Studies [ru] and other cryonics companies in the field of reversible organ deep-freeze technologies.[15][49][50]

Legal aspects[edit]

Legally speaking, the contract between KrioRus and its clients is designed as an agreement to participate in a scientific experiment, hence the customers have to accept the risks associated and acknowledge that the "revival" is not guaranteed.[3][43] The contract covers the preservation of the bodies for up to 100 years.[47] As KrioRus has a legal status of a scientific institution, its activities are not subject to certification.[3]

Criticism[edit]

Yevgeny Alexandrov, the chair of the Russian Academy of Sciences commission against pseudoscience, had pointed out that there's no scientific basis for cryonics and that the company's offering is based on unfounded speculations.[51]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nine people.[4][3][5]
  2. ^ (see History)
  3. ^ Service, that is provided by KrioRus is called "deep freezing of human and animal bodies".[43]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "КриоРус" (in Russian). Interfax. Archived from the original on 2016-10-28. Retrieved 2016-10-27.
  2. ^ a b c "ООО "Криорус"". www.rusprofile.ru.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Елена Краузова. "Ледяное бессмертие" (in Russian). РБК. Archived from the original on 2016-08-26. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  4. ^ a b c d Weaver, Courtney (2015-12-18). "Inside the weird world of cryonics". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 2016-01-23. Retrieved 2016-08-27.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  5. ^ a b c Чебышева К. Клиенты верят в бессмертие (in Russian). Trud (Russian newspaper). Archived from the original on 2007-11-13. Retrieved 2013-08-27.
  6. ^ a b c d José Luis Cordeiro (2016-03-09). "Immortality and Plan B: Cryopreservation". hplusmagazine.com. Archived from the original on 2016-03-13. Retrieved 2013-09-20.
  7. ^ a b c Анастасия Давыдкина, Татьяна Филимонова. Упорный труп (in Russian). Kommersant. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2013-08-27.
  8. ^ [dead link]
  9. ^ a b Список людей, крионированных в "КриоРусе" (in Russian). «КриоРус». Archived from the original on 2016-07-22. Retrieved 2015-08-05.
  10. ^ a b c d e Сергей Апресов. "Единственный шанс на бессмертие". elementy.ru (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  11. ^ Алексей Паевский. Мозги отмороженные (in Russian). Gazeta.ru. Archived from the original on 2012-09-14. Retrieved 2013-08-27.
  12. ^ Валерий Спиридонов. Уйти в минус и выжить (in Russian). RIA Novosti. Archived from the original on 2016-08-20. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  13. ^ "15 россиян отправились в будущее" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2014-08-10. Retrieved 2013-08-27.
  14. ^ a b c Татьяна Батенёва. Фирма гарантирует бессмертие (in Russian). inauka.ru. Archived from the original on 2007-08-07. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  15. ^ a b В российское криохранилище поступили первые "пациенты" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2011-08-09. Retrieved 2013-08-27.
  16. ^ a b c d Josh Dean (2016-11-02). "Decapitate and Freeze Now. Figure Out Immortality Later". Bloomberg Businessweek. Archived from the original on 2016-11-03.
  17. ^ Новосибирцам предложили посмертную заморозу: афера или спасение? (in Russian). info.sibnet.ru. Archived from the original on 2016-07-13. Retrieved 2015-08-31.
  18. ^ Животные - криопациенты (in Russian). «КриоРус». Archived from the original on 2016-07-22. Retrieved 2015-08-05.
  19. ^ a b c Игорь Елков. Мороз под кожей (in Russian). Rossiyskaya Gazeta. issue 5908 (235)
  20. ^ Надежда Попова (2016-09-19). В ледяном анабиозе (in Russian). Газета «Наша версия». Archived from the original on 2016-11-08. Retrieved 2015-11-08.
  21. ^ Экспоненты Выставки-2012 (in Russian). aktual-l.msk.ru. Archived from the original on 2016-04-20. Retrieved 2016-08-27. Экспоненты II Международной специализированной выставки «Индустрия здравоохранения-2012»
  22. ^ Life News. Москвичи спасаются от ... (in Russian). Lifenews. Retrieved 2016-11-08.
  23. ^ Зеваки к нам редко ходят — вот раньше, бывало, готы заглядывали (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2013-11-02. Retrieved 2015-08-04.
  24. ^ Некрополь-2013: "Демонстрируем будущее, бережно охраняя прошлое" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2016-04-21. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  25. ^ "КриоРус" награжден Большой золотой медалью выставки "Некрополь" - 2013 (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2016-05-19. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  26. ^ Выставка "Некрополь - 2013" (in Russian). ritual-minsk.by. 2013-11-01. Archived from the original on 2016-05-06. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  27. ^ Список экспонентов выставки Некрополь-2014 (in Russian). necropol-moscow.ru. 2014-12-03. Archived from the original on 2016-08-27. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  28. ^ Список экспонентов выставки Некрополь-2016 (in Russian). necropol-moscow.ru. 2016-06-22. Archived from the original on 2016-10-31. Retrieved 2016-10-31.
  29. ^ Новосибирцам предложили посмертную заморозку за 36 тысяч долларов (in Russian). news.ngs.ru. Archived from the original on 2016-07-01. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  30. ^ Программа выставки "Некрополь-Сибирь 2016" (in Russian). necropol-moscow.ru. Archived from the original on 2016-09-12. Retrieved 2016-10-31.
  31. ^ Новосибирцам предложили посмертную заморозку за 36 тысяч долларов (in Russian). novosibirskvesti.ru. Archived from the original on 2016-11-08. Retrieved 2016-11-08.
  32. ^ a b "KRIORUS (Russia) – TANEXPO 2016 – Espositori 2016". www.tanexpo.com. Archived from the original on 2016-04-20. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  33. ^ Креативная Крионика (in Russian). Tekhnika Molodezhi. Archived from the original on 2016-11-08. Retrieved 2016-11-08.
  34. ^ Каталог компаний — Информация о компании — ООО "КриоРус" (in Russian). rusprofile.ru. Archived from the original on 2014-08-12. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  35. ^ Дмитрий Черников. Киборги в раю (in Russian). Коммерсантъ. Archived from the original on 2016-05-14. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  36. ^ Сергей Апресов. Артюхов Игорь Валентинович (in Russian). Ассоциация Футурологов. Archived from the original on 2014-08-09. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  37. ^ ООО "КРИОРУС" (in Russian). notecom.biz. Archived from the original on 2016-11-07. Retrieved 2016-11-07.
  38. ^ "Предоставление сведений из ЕГРЮЛ/ЕГРИП в электронном виде". egrul.nalog.ru.
  39. ^ ООО "КриоРус" (in Russian). ОГРН онлайн. Archived from the original on 2017-08-09. Retrieved 2016-11-08.
  40. ^ Yuri Pichugin; Gregory M. Fahy; Robert Morin (April 2008). "Cryopreservation of rat hippocampal slices by vitrification". Cryobiology. 52 (2). issue 2, volume 52. pp. 228–240. doi:10.1016/j.cryobiol.2005.11.006. PMID 16403489.
  41. ^ "Dr. Yuri Pichugin: CI's Director of Research 2001–2007". Cryonics Institute. Archived from the original on 2016-04-25. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  42. ^ آزمایشگاه منجمد کردن انسان ها +عکس (in Persian). www.bartarinha.ir. Archived from the original on 2016-01-13. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  43. ^ a b Вадим Смыслов (2016-10-31). Замерзшие из Сергиева Посада: кто крионирует людей в России и в мире и сколько это стоит (in Russian). vc.ru. Retrieved 2016-11-05.
  44. ^ a b Россияне заморозили рекордное количество кошек и собак (in Russian). «Известия». 2015-09-17. Archived from the original on 2016-09-14. Retrieved 2016-10-20.
  45. ^ a b Коровина, Ольга (2015-10-21). Контракт на бессмертие (in Russian). biz360.ru. Archived from the original on 2016-09-20. Retrieved 2016-09-20.
  46. ^ https://www.webcitation.org/6kfYEfYKc?url=https://biz360.ru/materials/kontrakt-na-bessmertie/[dead link]
  47. ^ a b Ширинкин, Алексей (2016-02-24). "Metro посетило лабораторию крионики и узнало о будущем замороженных людей" (in Russian). metronews.ru. Archived from the original on 2016-03-15. Retrieved 2016-09-04.
  48. ^ Кортни Уивер (2015-12-21). В загадочном мире крионики (in Russian). NEWSru.com. Archived from the original on 2016-03-26. Retrieved 2016-09-20.
  49. ^ "In pictures: Frozen in time". BBC. 13 August 2011. Archived from the original on 27 August 2016. Retrieved 2016-08-27. — «Here, a body awaits being placed in a storage tank at the KrioRus facility near Moscow, Russia. One facility in the US offers the entire process and storage for about US $25,000 (?15,000) but others charge in excess of $100,000. A cheaper option offered by the companies is to preserve a person's head instead of the entire body».
  50. ^ Японцев научат крионике в России (in Russian). strf.ru. 2016-06-08. Archived from the original on 2016-06-09. Retrieved 2016-09-04.
  51. ^ Luhn, Alex (11 November 2017). "'Insurance' against death: Russian cryonics firm plans Swiss lab for people in pursuit of eternal life". Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 28 July 2019. Retrieved 28 July 2019.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to KrioRus at Wikimedia Commons