Kubinka

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Kubinka (English)
Кубинка (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Moscow Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Moscow Oblast in Russia
Kubinka is located in Moscow Oblast
Kubinka
Kubinka
Location of Kubinka in Moscow Oblast
Coordinates: 55°34′N 36°42′E / 55.567°N 36.700°E / 55.567; 36.700Coordinates: 55°34′N 36°42′E / 55.567°N 36.700°E / 55.567; 36.700
Coat of Arms of Kubinka.png
Flag of Kubinka (Moscow oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Town Day August 22[citation needed]
Administrative status (as of September 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow Oblast[1]
Administrative district Odintsovsky District[1]
Town Kubinka[1]
Administrative center of Town of Kubinka[1]
Municipal status (as of February 2012)
Municipal district Odintsovsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Kubinka Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Kubinka Urban Settlement[2]
Mayor[3] Pavel Stanislavovich Zdradovskiy[3]
Statistics
Area 4 km2 (1.5 sq mi)[citation needed]
Population (2010 Census) 22,964 inhabitants[4]
Density 5,741/km2 (14,870/sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[6]
Founded 15th century[citation needed]
Town status since 2004[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[7] 143070–143072
Dialing code(s) +7 49869[citation needed]
Official website
Kubinka on Wikimedia Commons

Kubinka (Russian: Ку́бинка) is a town in Odintsovsky District of Moscow Oblast, Russia, located on the Setun River, 63 kilometers (39 mi) west of Moscow. Population: 22,964 (2010 Census);[4] 26,158 (2002 Census);[8] 8,019 (1989 Census).[9]

History[edit]

Kubinka was founded in the 15th century and may have been named after Prince Ivan Kubensky, a prominent local land owner.[citation needed] It grew in importance in the second half of the 19th century when the Moscow-Smolensk railway passed though the area. The military test range for tanks was opened in 1931 and the military airbase opened soon afterwards. Town status granted to Kubinka in 2004.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with twenty-three rural localities, incorporated within Odintsovsky District as the Town of Kubinka.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Kubinka is incorporated within Odintsovsky Municipal District as Kubinka Urban Settlement.[2]

Transportation[edit]

Railway transport[edit]

Kubinka railway station

The town is linked by the suburban rail to Moscow's Belorussky railway station. The train ride takes approximately 75 minutes. In 2015, new 10 km train line was opened in Kubinka. It goes from Kubinka railway station to Patriot Park, through the station "Museum", located near Kubinka Tank Museum.

Military[edit]

Kubinka was the location of the Soviet Union's tank proving grounds, and today is the home of the Kubinka Tank Museum. It is also the location of the MAPO aircraft Maintenance Factory #121 and the Kubinka air base. This base serves as a base for the 237th Centre for Display of Aviation Equipment,[10] which consists of Swifts and Russian Knights, who took place in the aerobatic show during 2010 Moscow Victory Day Parade.

Culture[edit]

The completion of the theme park Patriot is planned for 2017, a preliminary opening of the so-called "military Disneyland" took place in June 2015 by Vladimir Putin.[11] It is located south of the Minsk highway at the border to the neighbouring settlements Golitsyno and Kalininets in the east and shall complement the local tourist attractions Kubinka Aviation Museum and Kubinka Tank Museum. Tank museum[12] is located near the city. One of its most notable exponents is Panzerkampfwagen VIII Maus which is the only one in the world. This museum is also a home to a few unique and experimental armoured vehicles.

Panzer VIII Maus in Kubinka
Russian Minister of Defence Sergey Shoygu at the opening of the memorial complex "Partizan Village" in the area of Patriot Park

Healthcare[edit]

Kubinka's main hospital is District's hospital N°3.[13]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Resolution #123-PG
  2. ^ a b c d Law #64/2005-OZ
  3. ^ a b Павел Станиславович Здрадовский
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ http://www.vitalykuzmin.net/Military/Kubinka17112011/
  11. ^ Walker, Shaun (16 June 2015). "Vladimir Putin opens Russian 'military Disneyland' Patriot Park". theguardian.com. Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  12. ^ http://www.kubinka.ru/newindex.php?id=3&lang=2
  13. ^ http://www.kybinka.info/catalog/medicine/bolnitsi/nikolskaya-bolnitsa.html

Sources[edit]

  • Губернатор Московской области. Постановление №123-ПГ от 28 сентября 2010 г. «Об учётных данных административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области», в ред. Постановления №252-ПГ от 26 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменения в учётные данные административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области». Опубликован: "Информационный вестник Правительства МО", №10, 30 октября 2010 г. (Governor of Moscow Oblast. Resolution #123-PG of September 28, 2010 On the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #252-PG of June 26, 2015 On Amending the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast. ).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №64/2005-ОЗ от 28 февраля 2005 г. «О статусе и границах Одинцовского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №7/2012-ОЗ от 17 февраля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Одинцовского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №42, 10 марта 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #64/2005-OZ of February 28, 2005 On the Status and the Borders of Odintsovsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Law #7/2012-OZ of February 17, 2012 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Odintsovsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • This article incorporates material from the Russian Wikipedia