Kunigunde of Austria
|Kunigunde of Austria|
|Duchess of Bavaria-Münich|
|Duchess of Bavaria-Landshut|
|Born||16 March 1465
|Died||6 August 1520
Convent of Püttrich
|Spouse||Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria|
|Issue||Sidonie of Bavaria
Sibylle, Electress Palatine
Sabina, Duchess of Württemberg
William IV, Duke of Bavaria
Louis X, Duke of Bavaria
Ernest, Archbishop in Salzburg
Susanna, Margravine of Bayreuth and Countess Palatine of Neuburg
|House||House of Habsburg|
|Father||Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor|
|Mother||Eleanor of Portugal|
Kunigunde of Austria (German: Kunigunde von Österreich) (16 March 1465 – 6 August 1520) was an Austrian Archduchess member of the House of Habsburg and by marriage Duchess of Bavaria-Munich and since 1503 over all Bavaria.
Born in Wiener Neustadt, Kunigunde was the fourth of five children born to the Imperial couple; however, only she and her older brother Maximilian survived to adulthood. She grew up in an informal and open atmosphere, without rigid court etiquette. Contrary to former practice, she learned not only to read, write, and embroider, but also received instruction in riding and hunting, astronomy and mathematics.
Like most daughters of royal families, since her early years Kunigunde was involved in the political intrigues of her time. In 1470 King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary requested her hand; however, Frederick III refused him. At the age of fifteen, in 1480, Kunigunde made her formal presentation in Vienna during the visit of George, Duke of Bavaria, called "the Rich" to Frederick III's court. After the celebrations she was sent to Burggraf Ulrich III von Graben to Graz for her safety; however, after a plot against the Emperor was discovered, he moved to Linz and sent Kunigunde to Innsbruck with Sigismund, Archduke of Further Austria and ruler of Tirol, Frederick III's first cousin and former guardian.
Kunigunde married Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria-Munich in 1487 against the will of her own father, and served as joint regent for son Wilhelm IV. In spite of her resignation from court life, she tried to influence the politics of the state as she acted in favour of the rights of her younger sons. She was in close contact with her brother, Emperor Maximilian I, and with other rulers and relatives in Europe.
With Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria-Munich she had Seven children:
- Sidonie (1 May 1488 – 27 March 1505). Betrothed to Louis V, Elector Palatine, she died before the wedding took place.
- Sibylle (16 June 1489 – 18 April 1519), married in 1511 to Louis V, Elector Palatine.
- Sabina (24 April 1492 – 30 April 1564), married in 1511 to Duke Ulrich I of Württemberg.
- William IV, Duke of Bavaria (13 November 1493 – 7 March 1550).
- Louis X, Duke of Bavaria (18 September 1495 – 22 April 1545).
- Ernest (13 June 1500 – 7 December 1560), an ecclesiastical official in Passau (1517–40), Archbishop in Salzburg (1540–54) and Eichstädt.
- Susanna (2 April 1502 – 23 April 1543), married firstly in 1518 to Margrave Casimir of Brandenburg and secondly in 1529 to Otto Henry, Count Palatine of Neuburg, since 1556 Elector Palatine.
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|Ancestors of Kunigunde of Austria|
- Marek, Miroslav. "Complete Genealogy of the House of Habsburg". Genealogy.EU.[self-published source][better source needed]
- Cawley, Charles, AUSTRIA, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy,[self-published source][better source needed]
- Sigrid-Maria Größing: Um Krone und Liebe. Amalthea Verlag.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kunigunde of Austria.|
- (English) Women in power
- (German) Cloister of Püttrich
- (German) Biography
- (German) Article in the Biographische Lexikon des Kaiserthums Österreich