Kurobane Domain

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Reconstructed yagura at Kurobane Castle Park, Otawara, Tochigi

Kurohane Domain (黒羽藩 Kurohane-han?) was a feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan, located in the Nasu District of Shimotsuke Province (modern-day Tochigi Prefecture), Japan. It was centered on Kurohane jin'ya in what is now part of the city of Ōtawara, Tochigi. Kurohane was ruled through all of its history by the tozama Ōzeki clan.[1]

History[edit]

After Tokugawa Ieyasu took control over the Kantō region in 1590, he assigned a 13,000 koku holding in northern Shimotsuke Province to Ōzeki Takamasu, the head of one of the seven leading samurai clans from the area. His son, Ōzeki Sukemasu, fought a rear-guard action against the Uesugi clan in Aizu during the Battle of Sekigahara and was rewarded with an increase in revenues to 20,000 koku and was confirmed as daimyō of Kurobane.

Although their residence was styled as a jin'ya, it was built in the former central bailey of the clan’s ancestral Kurobane Castle, which was located on a 50-meter tall hill, with moats, earthen ramparts and yagura watchtowers. During the time of the 4th daimyo, Ōzeki Masuchika, the domain was divided, with 1000 koku going to each of his two younger brothers. The 15th daimyo, Ōzeki Masuhiro, served in a number of important posts within the Bakumatsu period Tokugawa shogunate, including Kaigun bugyō and wakadoshiyori. He also improved the domain’s military by introducing the Spencer repeating rifle and western military technologies. The 16th and final daimyō, Ōzeki Masatoshi, sided with the Satchō Alliance in the Boshin war of the Meiji restoration, and fought in the Battle of Aizu.

After the abolition of the han system in July 1871, Kurobane Domain became part of Tochigi Prefecture. The domain had a population of 19,493 people in 3666 households, of which 1937 were samurai in 638 households per a census in 1870. [2]

Holdings at the end of the Edo period[edit]

As with most domains in the han system, Kurobane Domain consisted of several discontinuous territories calculated to provide the assigned kokudaka, based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.[3][4]

List of daimyō[edit]

# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank kokudaka
Ōzeki Omodaka inverted.png Ōzeki clan (tozama) 1596-1871
1 Ōzeki Sukemasu (大関資増?) 1596–1605 -unknown- - unknown - 20,000 koku
2 Ōzeki Masamasu (大関政増?) 1606–1615 -unknown- -unknown- 20,000 koku
3 Ōzeki Takamasu (大関高増?) 1616–1646 Tosa-no-kami (土佐守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
4 Ōzeki Masuchika (大関増親?) 1646–1662 Tosa-no-kami(土佐守) Lower 5th (従五 位下) 20,000 -> 18,000 koku
5 Ōzeki Masunaga (大関増栄?) 1662–1688 Shinano-no-kami(信濃守) Lower 5th (従五 位下) 18,000 koku
6 Ōzeki Masutsune (大関増恒?) 1688–1738 Shinano-no-kami (信濃守) Lower 5th (従五 位下) 18,000 koku
7 Ōzeki Masuoki (大関増興?) 1738–1763 Iyo-no-kami (伊予守) Lower 5th (従五 位下) 18,000 koku
8 Ōzeki Masutomo (大関増備?) 1763–1764 Inaba-no-kami (因幡守) Lower 5th (従五 位下) 18,000 koku
9 Ōzeki Masusuke (大関増輔?) 1764–1802 Iyo-no-kami (伊予守) Lower 5th (従五 位下) 18,000 koku
10 Ōzeki Masuharu (大関増陽?) 1802–1811 Mimasaku-no-kami (美作守) Lower 5th (従五 位下) 18,000 koku
11 Ōzeki Masunari (大関増業?) 1811–1824 Tosa-no-kami (土佐守) Lower 5th (従五 位下) 18,000 koku
12 Ōzeki Masunori (大関増儀?) 1824–1848 Iyo-no-kami (伊予守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 18,000 koku
13 Ōzeki Masuakira (大関増昭?) 1848–1856 Shinano-no-kami (信濃守) Lower 5th (従五 位下) 18,000 koku
14 Ōzeki Masuyoshi (大関増徳?) 1856–1861 Noto-no-kami (能登守) Lower 5th (従五 位下) 18,000 koku
15 Ōzeki Masuhiro (大関増裕?) 1861–1867 Higo-no-kami (肥後守) Lower 5th (従五 位下) 18,000 koku
16 Ōzeki Masutoshi (大関増勤?) 1867–1871 Mimasaku-no-kami (美作守) Lower 5th (従五 位下) 18,000 koku

References[edit]

  • Papinot, E (1910). Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tuttle (reprint) 1972. 

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Appert, Georges. (1888). "Shimazu" in Ancien Japon, pp. 76; compare Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). "Ōseki" at Nobiliare du Japon, p. 47; retrieved 2013-3-23.
  2. ^ Edo daimyo.net (Japanese)
  3. ^ Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
  4. ^ Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.