LGBT rights in Burundi

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LGBT rights in Burundi Burundi
Same-sex sexual activity legal? Illegal since 2008
3 months to 2 years imprisonment, fine
Military service Unknown
Discrimination protections Unknown
Family rights
Constitution bans same-sex marriage
Adoption Unknown

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) persons in Burundi face legal issues not experienced by non-LGBT citizens. Burundi criminalizes same-sex sexual activity by both men and women.

Laws regarding same-sex sexual activity[edit]

According to an unofficial English translation of Article 567 of the Burundi Penal Code, a person who has sexual relations with someone of the same sex may be punished with imprisonment for three months to two years and a fine of 50,000 to 100,000 francs.[1][Note 1]

Recognition of same-sex relationships[edit]

Article 29 of the Burundi Constitution bans same-sex marriage.[2][Note 2]

Adoption of children[edit]

According to a website of the French government, single and married people are eligible to adopt children. The website does not say whether LGBT people are disqualified.[3]

Living conditions[edit]

The U.S. Department of State's 2011 human rights report found that,

The law criminalizes same-sex sexual acts.... During the year no one was arrested or prosecuted under this law. On May 17, [2011,] the Remuruka Center, which offers urgent services to the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community, began operations in Bujumbura. The government neither supported nor hindered local LGBT organizations or the center.[4]

Summary table[edit]

Same-sex sexual activity legal No (Penalty: Up to 2 years imprisonment)
Equal age of consent No
Anti-discrimination laws in employment only No
Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services No
Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (Incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech) No
Same-sex marriages No (Constitutional ban since 2005)
Recognition of same-sex couples No
Step-child adoption by same-sex couples No
Joint adoption by same-sex couples No
Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly in the military Emblem-question.svg
Right to change legal gender No
Access to IVF for lesbians No
Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples No
MSMs allowed to donate blood No

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The official text of Article 567 in French ("Burundi: Senate Upholds Human Rights Principles", International Gay & Lesbian Human Rights Commission, 20 February 2009):

    Quiconque fait des relations sexuelles avec la personne de même sexe est puni d’une servitude pénale de trois mois à deux ans et d’une amende de cinquante mille francs à cent mille francs ou d’une de ces peines seulement.

  2. ^ The official text of Article 29 in French (Constitution Interimaire Post-Transition de la Republique du Burundi):

    La liberté de se marier est garantie, de même que le droit de choisir son ou sa partenaire. Le mariage ne peut être conclu qu’avec le libre et plein consentement des futurs époux. Le mariage entre deux personnes de même sexe est interdit.


External links[edit]