Laignes

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Laignes
Commune
The town hall and resurgence of the Laigne River
The town hall and resurgence of the Laigne River
Coat of arms of Laignes
Coat of arms
Laignes is located in France
Laignes
Laignes
Location within Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region
Laignes is located in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Laignes
Laignes
Coordinates: 47°50′38″N 4°21′50″E / 47.8439°N 4.3639°E / 47.8439; 4.3639Coordinates: 47°50′38″N 4°21′50″E / 47.8439°N 4.3639°E / 47.8439; 4.3639
Country France
Region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Department Côte-d'Or
Arrondissement Montbard
Canton Châtillon-sur-Seine
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Jean-Michel Antoni
Area1 40.02 km2 (15.45 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 849
 • Density 21/km2 (55/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 21336 /21330
Elevation 202–288 m (663–945 ft)
(avg. 214 m or 702 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Laignes is a commune in the Côte-d'Or department, in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region in eastern France.

Geography[edit]

Map commune FR insee code 21336.png

Laignes has a total area of 40 km2 and an approximate altitude of 220 m.

Near the town hall there is a basin formed by the resurgence of the Laigne River.

Accessibility[edit]

Laignes is traversed by RN 965 from Auxerre to Chaumont.

The nearest train stations are found at Nuits (17 kilometers) and Montbard (25 kilometers). There is a bus connection to Gare de Montbard, a (TGV) station.

Neighboring Communes[edit]

Rose des vents Nicey Griselles Marcenay Rose des vents
Gigny
(Yonne)
N Bissey-la-Pierre
Balot
W    Laignes    E
S
Sennevoy-le-Bas
(Yonne)
Fontaines-les-Sèches Nesle-et-Massoult

History[edit]

Prehistory and Antiquity[edit]

Refined flints and tombs dating to the Iron Age attest to the antiquity of the site’s occupation. The crossing of the roads from Auxerre to Langres and Alise to Vertault made it a very active place for the Lingones during the Gallo-Roman period: an ancient potter’s wheel was discovered near the train station bearing witness to the area’s artisanal past.

Middle Ages[edit]

Merovingian coins were struck at Laignes, especially those bearing the likeness of Charles the Bald. During this period, Laignes belonged to Tonnerre which passed from the Counts of Champagne to the Duchy of Burgundy. To resist various assaults from armed bands that ravaged the country during the Hundred Years' War, the city surrounded itself with fortifications; of which only a single round tower remains.

Modern Era[edit]

On the eve of the French Revolution, Laignes depended on goods from the Bailiwick of Sens in the County of Champagne and spiritual guidance from the Deanery of Châtillon-sur-Seine, part of the Diocese of Langres.[1]

Heraldry[edit]

Blazon Blazon:
"Gules a Bend Or with Two Towers Argent"
Comments: Its official status is to be determined.


List of Mayors[edit]

Term Name Party Description
19th Century M. Mauris - -
1941-1947 Gabriel Beau - -
1947-1974 Émile Lepître Independent Republicans -
1974-1995 Jean-Pierre Recq UDF -
1995-2008 Jean-Paul Noret Socialist Party -
2008 - Present Jean-Michel Antoni UMP -
This list of mayors is incomplete.

Demographics[edit]

The changes in the number of inhabitants are documented using census data collected since 1793. Starting in the first decade of the 21st century, the official population of every commune has been published annually. The census is now based on information collected annually, over a five-year period. For communes with fewer than 10,000 people, a census is taken every five years. The official population of the intervening years is determined by interpolation or extrapolation.[2] For this community, this procedure was originally used in 2005.[3]

In 2014, the commune had 747 inhabitants, a change of -8.12% from 2009 (Côte-d'Or: 1.36%; France excluding the Department of Moyotte: 2.49%).

Population change

1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
1593 1559 1768 1514 1476 1492 1563 1534 1547
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1421 1410 1391 1380 1340 1341 1289 1232 1158
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
1149 1186 1138 1068 1072 1109 1051 1046 1047
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2004 2009 2014
1032 1073 1004 1008 904 881 874 777 747

From 1962 to 1999: Population without double counting; For the dates afterword: municipal population.
(Sources: EHESS/Cassini up to 1999[4] then INSEE starting in 2006.[5]

Histogram of the population change
Histogram of the Population Change of Laignes

Monuments and Historic Places[edit]

Notable Personalities[edit]

  • André Metthey, (1871-1920), world-renowned ceramic artist, born 4 June 1871 in Laignes, and died in Asnières-sur-Seine in 1920.
  • Christine Petit, born in Laignes in 1948, physician and researcher, professor at the Collège de France and the Pasteur Institute.
  • Doctor Paul Robert was born on Réunion in 1904, physician in Laignes from 1930 to 1939, and killed by the Nazis on 11 June 1944 in Essarois.
  • André Osterberger, (1920-2009), professional hammer thrower, born 26 Oct 1920 in Laignes. In 1950, he held the French record in the hammer throw with a mark 51.66 meters and had a mark of 52.95 meters in the 1952 Olympics.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliographie[edit]

  • Le Canton de Laignes par les cartes postales, de Jean Millot et XX, mine d'informations sur Laignes et les environs.
  • Le Dictionnaire de l'athlétisme par Robert Parienté, extrait in L’Équipe athlétisme magazine du 10 novembre 1971.
  • René Paris (1986), "Aignay-le-Duc, Baigneux-les-Juifs, Laignes", À la rencontre du Châtillonnais, La Bourgogne