Land council

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Land councils, also known as land and sea councils, are Australian community organisations, generally organised by region, that are commonly formed to represent the Indigenous Australians who occupied their particular region before the arrival of European settlers. They have historically advocated for recognition of traditional land rights, and also for the rights of Indigenous people in other areas such as equal wages and adequate housing. Some states, such as the Northern Territory, have laws that provide for the existence of land councils and allocate them responsibilities for representing Aboriginal people in various matters. Other states do not have such laws, or have laws that provide for the existence of Aboriginal organisations that do not call themselves land councils to provide functions similar to those provided by land councils in some states. An example of this is in Victoria, where there are laws providing for organisations called 'Registered Aboriginal Parties', which provide functions in relation to Aboriginal people similar to those provided by land councils in, say, the Northern Territory.

Most land councils provide representation and organisation in relation to native title matters for Indigenous Australians, and receive funding from the Australian Commonwealth Government to do this work. However, Commonwealth native title laws do not require such representation and organisation to be provided by land councils, and there are many other sorts of organisations that also provide these sorts of services.

Most land councils were formed since the late 1970s to gain native title and other forms of Aboriginal land rights.

Some land councils can be governed by other, larger councils, which federate multiple local land councils for representation at the state and federal level.

List of current councils by state[edit]

New South Wales[edit]

Northern Territory[edit]


South Australia[edit]



The current Registered Aboriginal Parties are:[1]

Western Australia[edit]


  1. ^ "Registered Aboriginal Parties". State of Victoria, Department of Premier and Cabinet. Retrieved 10 December 2013.

External links[edit]