Lara (state)

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Lara State
Estado Lara
State of Venezuela
Flag of Lara State
Coat of arms of Lara State
Coat of arms
Anthem: Himno del Estado Lara
Location within Venezuela
Location within Venezuela
Coordinates: 10°04′N 69°52′W / 10.07°N 69.86°W / 10.07; -69.86Coordinates: 10°04′N 69°52′W / 10.07°N 69.86°W / 10.07; -69.86
 • GovernorCarmen Meléndez (2017–present)
 • Total19,800 km2 (7,600 sq mi)
Area rank11th
 2.15% of Venezuela
Population (2015 census)
 • Total2,019,211
 • Rank5th
 6,75% of Venezuela
Time zoneUTC-04:00
ISO 3166 codeVE-K
Emblematic treeSemeruco (Malpighia glabra)

Lara State (Spanish: Estado Lara, IPA: [esˈtaðo ˈlaɾa]) is one of the 23 states (estados) into which Venezuela is divided. The state capital is Barquisimeto.

Lara State covers a total surface area of 19,800 km2 (7,600 sq mi) and, in 2015, had a census population of 2,019,211.

The state is titled in honor of Jacinto Lara, hero of Independence of Venezuela.

Municipalities and municipal seats[edit]

Municipality Seat
Andrés Eloy Blanco Sanare
Crespo Duaca
Iribarren Barquisimeto
Jiménez Quíbor
Morán El Tocuyo
Palavecino Cabudare
Simón Planas Sarare
Torres Carora
Urdaneta Siquisique


Two types of climate prevail in Lara state: Tropical, Mountain, and also dry and very dry, followed by wet mountain. Mountain humid climates are low and humid paramero just 4.8% of estadal area. The dry atmosphere is typical, since evaporation exceeds precipitation, reaching until 650 mm of annual average, with rain falling at different times according to geographycal location..

The average annual temperature fluctuates between 19 °C (66,2 °F) and 29 °C (84,2 °F), with an average of 24 °C (75,2 °F) in the capital, Barquisimeto.

The climate tends to vary between cold moor (in mountainous areas) and semi-arid tropical dry climate (specific in the area of the Lara´s Depression, where the city of Carora and surrounding populations are located).

Hydrography and Rivers[edit]

The waters of the rivers in the state are drained by three aspects:. The Caribbean sea, the Atlantic Ocean, through the Orinoco River and Maracaibo´s Lake .

Main rivers: Amarillo, Auro, Aragua, Curarigua, Morere, Tocuyo, Turbio, Urama, Yacambú.

Lagoons: Laguna Amarilla, Laguna Cocoy. Wine waterfall in the Dinira National Park


Race and ethnicity[edit]

According to the 2011 Census, the racial composition of the population was:[1]

Racial composition Population %
Mestizo N/A 54.8
White 800,225 41.9
Black 43,926 2.3
Other race N/A 1.0


The cultivation of sugarcane has become one of the leading and first sugar states. Also, products like coffee, potatoes, tomatoes, beans, corn, and banana . The Grape cultivation it´s associated with it the wine industry. Has an important livestock of cattle, pigs, goats, sheep, and poultry with good cheese and dairy industry. It also has important industrial areas and production capacity. It has great artisan wealth and potential tourism development, natural beauties, and folkloric and cultural events.

Among the most important industries in the state of Lara are the metalworking (Turbio´s steel industry, SIDETUR; food processing, clothing apparel, textile printing and processing (based sisal fiber) sector. The most manufacturing are in the small and medium industry because, except for its sugar mills, Almost all its industrial park consists of companies of less than two hundred workers

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Resultado Básico del XIV Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2011 (Mayo 2014)" (PDF). p. 29. Retrieved 8 September 2015.

External links[edit]