Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||John Hillcoat|
|Screenplay by||Nick Cave|
|Based on||The Wettest County in the World
by Matt Bondurant
|Edited by||Dylan Tichenor|
|Distributed by||The Weinstein Company
Lawless is a 2012 American crime drama film directed by John Hillcoat. The screenplay by Nick Cave is based on the historical novel The Wettest County in the World (2008) by Matt Bondurant. The film stars Shia LaBeouf, Tom Hardy, Gary Oldman, Mia Wasikowska, Jessica Chastain, Jason Clarke, and Guy Pearce.
Lawless explores the actions of three brothers: Forrest (Hardy), Howard (Clarke), and Jack Bondurant (LaBeouf), who made and sold moonshine in Franklin County, Virginia, during Prohibition. The film was in development for about three years before it was produced. It screened at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival and was theatrically released on August 29, 2012.
In 1931, the Bondurant brothers—Forrest, Howard and Jack—are running a successful moonshine business in Franklin County, in the Virginia Piedmont. Their friend Cricket Pate assists them in their endeavors. They use their gas station as a front for their illegal activities. One day, Jack witnesses mobster Floyd Banner shooting a competitor, and they exchange looks.
Jack returns to the station, where Forrest hires Maggie Beauford, a dancer from Chicago, to be their new waitress (for liquor sales). Shortly afterward, the gas station is visited by newly arrived Special Deputy Charley Rakes, on behalf of the Virginia Commonwealth Attorney Mason Wardell. He tells Forrest that he wants a cut of all profit made by the county's bootleggers. Forrest refuses and threatens to kill Rakes if he returns. Forrest later meets with the other bootleggers and convinces them to stand up to Rakes as well, though they eventually give in to the deputy's intimidation.
Meanwhile, Jack meets Bertha Minnix, daughter of the local Brethren preacher. He attends their church drunk (as the congregation sings sacred harp hymns) and makes a fool of himself, causing Bertha's father to forbid her from seeing him, but this makes her more interested in Jack. When he later finds Rakes raiding Cricket's house in search of his distillation equipment, the deputy brutally beats Jack to send a message to his brothers and other bootleggers. Forrest tells Jack that he needs to learn how to fight for himself. Forrest and Howard arrange to meet with potential "clients" from Chicago, but Howard gets drunk with a friend and misses the appointment. When the two mobsters harass Maggie, Forrest and Cricket beat them up. Later, after Cricket leaves, the men return, slash Forrest's throat, and rape Maggie.
While Forrest recovers at a hospital, Jack decides to travel across the county line with Cricket to sell their remaining liquor. There, they are double-crossed by their clients but are rescued by Floyd Banner, who recognizes Jack from Virginia. Banner already knows of the attack on Forrest, and the identities of his two assailants; he provides Jack with their address and advises him that the pair are working for Rakes.
Forrest and Howard later find, torture, and kill the men, both in retaliation and to send a piece of them as a message to Rakes. Banner becomes a regular client of the brothers, who move their distillation equipment to the woods and earn great profits. Jack continues to court Bertha. Maggie initially decides to leave, but Forrest convinces her to stay, letting her use a spare room. They soon begin a romantic relationship. Eventually Jack decides to show Bertha the distillation center, but they are followed and ambushed by Rakes and his men. Howard and Jack flee from Rakes's men with Bertha and Cricket. Cricket is later captured and murdered by Rakes.
After Cricket's funeral, the sheriff of Franklin County comes to the Bondurant house to warn them that Rakes and his men are blockading the bridge out of the town. Jack takes off in Cricket's old car to confront Rakes. Howard alerts Forrest of this and persuades him to get in the car and follow him to provide back up for Jack, though Maggie tries to dissuade him, saying that she found him when wounded and took him to the hospital. Forrest realizes then that she was also attacked that night, though Maggie attempts to deny it. The bootleggers engage Rakes' men in a firefight, during which Rakes shoots Forrest several times before being shot in the leg and attempting to escape. Jack and Howard confront Rakes, shooting him in the chest with a gun, and fatally stabbing him in the back, avenging Cricket's death.
With Rakes and his men dead, the Bondurants decide to save their money and retire after Prohibition ends. By November 1940, Jack has married Bertha and started a family, Forrest has married Maggie, and Howard has married a local woman. During a reunion at Jack's house, Forrest drunkenly walks to a frozen lake, does a little dance and falls into the freezing water. Though he gets back up, Jack tells the audience that Forrest later dies of pneumonia.
- Shia LaBeouf as Jack Bondurant
- Tom Hardy as Forrest Bondurant
- Jason Clarke as Howard Bondurant
- Jessica Chastain as Maggie Beauford
- Guy Pearce as Special Deputy Charlie Rakes
- Mia Wasikowska as Bertha Minnix
- Dane DeHaan as Cricket Pate
- Gary Oldman as Floyd Banner
- Lew Temple as Deputy Henry Abshire
- Chris McGarry as Danny
- Tim Tolin as Mason Wardell
- Marcus Hester as Deputy Jeff Richards
- Bill Camp as Sheriff Hodges
- Alex Van as Tizwell Minnix
- Noah Taylor as Gummy Walsh
Writer Matt Bondurant wrote the historical novel The Wettest County in the World (2008), based on the Prohibition-era bootlegging activities of his grandfather Jack Bondurant and his grand-uncles Forrest and Howard. Producers Douglas Wick and Lucy Fisher optioned the book in 2008 and sent it to director John Hillcoat. Hillcoat later commented,
"[Bootlegging] sort of drew [the Bondurants] into this crazy kind of world of corruption and lawlessness ironically, but then mostly they survived, they got through it all and actually went on to have businesses and children. And traditionally the gangster film teaches us that we've got to pay for our sins. Usually the gangster is shot down in a blaze of glory and doesn't get up again."
Hillcoat and screenwriter Nick Cave, who had worked together on the Western film The Proposition (2005), were attracted to the story by the success of the Bondurants. Hillcoat also said, "we also loved the idea that it sort of touched on the whole immortality that a lot of these guys start to feel when they do survive so many strange experiences."
The first actor to be cast was Shia LaBeouf as Jack, the youngest Bondurant brother. James Franco was attached to play Howard and Ryan Gosling was attached to play Forrest; Amy Adams and Scarlett Johansson were also attached to the project. Originally titled The Wettest County in The World like the book, the film's title was changed to The Promised Land. Although Hillcoat intended to begin shooting in February 2010, in January the project was reported to have fallen apart due to financing problems. Only LaBeouf remained with the project. He said that after he saw Bronson (2008), "I went home and wrote Tom [Hardy] a letter saying I was a fan. He sent me a script, and I sent him Lawless. He called me back and said, 'This is fucking amazing.'" Cinematographer Benoît Delhomme recommended Jessica Chastain to Hillcoat. Chastain said, "I am a big fan of The Proposition. I hadn't even read the script, but I told [Hillcoat], 'If you cast me, I'll do it.' I approach every role in terms of: 'Have I done this before? Is it something I'm repeating?' Lawless offered a new opportunity."
By December 2010, Hardy and Chastain were reported to have joined the project. It was then being financed by Michael Benaroya of Benaroya Pictures and Megan Ellison of Annapurna Pictures. Jason Clarke and Dane DeHaan were cast in January 2011. Guy Pearce, Gary Oldman, and Mia Wasikowska joined the cast in February 2011.
According to Cave, "a lot of the truly brutal stuff did not make it through into the film. In the book, you get lulled by the beautiful lyricism of the writing, then suddenly you are slapped in the face by a graphic description of a killing. I tried to be true to that as much as I could." He also said the filmmakers "tried to stay as true to the original story as possible", adding "we kind of changed aspects of the personality and temperament of Rakes to get [Pearce] involved." Before Pearce's casting, "Rakes, the character Rakes, was very much like the character in the book. He was a nasty country cop. We made him a city cop, gave him his disturbed sexuality and all the rest of it," Cave said. Pearce created the hairstyle worn by Rakes in the film.
Lawless was filmed early 2011 in various locations near Atlanta, Georgia, including Newnan, Grantville, Haralson, LaGrange, Carroll County's McIntosh Park, and the Red Oak Creek Covered Bridge near Gay. The cast lived in apartments in Peachtree City for three months during production, and Hillcoat screened dailies for the cast every weekend. Hillcoat and Delhomme consulted with cinematographers Roger Deakins and Harris Savides on digital cinematography. They chose to use the Arri Alexa digital camera system for Lawless, and Delhomme always used two cameras during filming.
In March 2011, Momentum Pictures and its parent company Alliance Films acquired the U.K. and Canadian distribution rights. In May 2011, the Weinstein Company bought the U.S. distribution rights, with plans for a wide release. In March 2012, the title was changed to Lawless.
What we didn't want to do is do an Americana soundtrack in the sense that we didn't want to do the kind of top-shelf. [...] We wanted to make this music ourselves. And what I mean by "ourselves" is we actually play it—me and Warren and a couple of musicians that we know, even though we don't know anything about bluegrass music or our bluegrass chops are pretty limited. And in that way we could get something that was very raw and brutal and punky, and that's what we were really aiming at rather than doing something that was more respectful of the genre. We were determined to take these songs and do them in our own way.
Lawless screened In Competition at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival on May 19 and received a nearly 10-minute standing ovation. The film was theatrically released in the U.S. on Wednesday, August 29, 2012, as The Weinstein Company hoped that good word of mouth would be built up for the upcoming Labor Day weekend. Audiences polled by the market research firm CinemaScore gave Lawless a B+ grade on average.
Reviews of Lawless have been mostly positive. Rotten Tomatoes shows a "fresh" approval rating of 67% based on reviews from 201 critics, with the critical consensus "Grim, bloody, and utterly flawed, Lawless doesn't quite achieve the epic status it strains for, but it's too beautifully filmed and powerfully acted to dismiss," and reports a rating average of 6.5 out of 10. At Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the film received an average score of 58 based on 38 reviews.
David Rooney of The Hollywood Reporter wrote: "If Lawless doesn't achieve the mythic dimensions of the truly great outlaw and gangster movies, it is a highly entertaining tale set in a vivid milieu, told with style and populated by a terrific ensemble. For those of us who are suckers for blood-soaked American crime sagas from that era, those merits will be plenty." Mike D'Angelo of The A.V. Club gave the film a B− grade, calling it "a thoroughly familiar—but flavorful and rousing—shoot-'em-up set among Prohibition bootleggers. [...] If you've seen even a handful of Tommy-gun movies, however, everything that happens here will feel preordained". Richard Corliss of Time magazine wrote: "much of the picture has a fossilized feeling; it could be a diorama under glass at the Museum of Nasty People. As a serious film worthy of the Cannes Competition, Lawless tries to be flawless; as a movie, it's often listless—lifeless." Peter Bradshaw of The Guardian gave the film 2 stars out of 5, writing: "it's basically a smug, empty exercise in macho-sentimental violence in which we are apparently expected to root for the lovable good ol' boys, as they mumble, shoot, punch and stab. Our heroes manage to ensnare the affections of preposterously exquisite young women, and the final flurry of self-adoring nostalgia is borderline-nauseating."
Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly gave Lawless a B grade, writing: "Hardy's presence is compelling, but the film comes fully alive only when it turns bloody. At those moments, though, it has the kick of a mule." Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle also praised Hardy's performance, and concluded, "The filmmakers detail a long-gone conflict from a long-lost era and end up showing how the dreams and longings that motivate Americans never really change." Peter Travers of Rolling Stone gave the film 2.5 stars out of 4, writing: "Lawless is a solid outlaw adventure, but you can feel it straining for a greatness that stays out of reach. There's even a prologue and an epilogue, arty tropes signifying an attempt to make a Godfather-style epic out of these moonshine wars. Not happening." Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times also gave the film 2.5 stars out of 4, writing:
"I can only admire this film's craftsmanship and acting, and regret its failure to rise above them. Its characters live by a barbaric code that countenances murder. They live or die in a relentless hail of gunfire. It's not so much that the movie is too long, as that too many people must be killed before it can end."
Claudia Puig of USA Today gave the film 2 stars out of 4, writing: "The unflinching slicing and dicing is viscerally brutal, but without sufficient character development Lawless simply feels lifeless." David Edelstein of New York magazine wrote: "The mixture of arthouse pacing and shocking gore seems to convince a lot of people that they’re seeing a mythic depiction of the outlaw way of existence. I saw a standard revenge picture played at half-speed." Robert Abele of the Los Angeles Times felt that the film was clichéd, writing that it "turns the Virginia hills of the early 1930s into just another backdrop for a clockwork succession of perfunctorily filmed showdowns and shootouts." A. O. Scott of The New York Times similarly wrote:
"There are too many action-movie clichés without enough dramatic purpose, and interesting themes and anecdotes are scattered around without being fully explored. This is weak and cloudy moonshine: it doesn't burn or intoxicate."
|Award||Category||Recipients and nominees||Outcome|
|65th Cannes Film Festival||Palme d'Or||John Hillcoat||Nominated|
|Georgia Film Critics Association||Best Original Song||"Cosmonaut" by Nick Cave & Warren Ellis||Nominated|
|Best Original Song||"Fire in the Blood" by Nick Cave & Warren Ellis||Nominated|
|Oglethorpe Award for Excellence in Georgia Cinema||Nick Cave & John Hillcoat||Nominated|
A soundtrack for the film was released on August 28, 2012:
|1.||"Fire and Brimstone"||The Bootleggers feat. Mark Lanegan||4:27|
|2.||"Burnin' Hell"||The Bootleggers feat. Nick Cave||1:56|
|3.||"Sure 'Nuff 'n Yes I Do"||Ralph Stanley||1:27|
|4.||"Fire in the Blood"||The Bootleggers feat. Emmylou Harris||1:10|
|5.||"White Light / White Heat"||The Bootleggers feat. Mark Lanegan||4:24|
|6.||"Cosmonaut"||The Bootleggers feat. Emmylou Harris||3:42|
|7.||"Fire in the Blood / Snake Song"||The Bootleggers feat. Emmylou Harris, Nick Cave, Ralph Stanley & Warren Ellis||4:25|
|8.||"So You'll Aim toward the Sky"||The Bootleggers feat. Emmylou Harris||5:57|
|9.||"Fire in the Blood"||The Bootleggers feat. Emmylou Harris||1:06|
|10.||"Fire and Brimstone"||Ralph Stanley||2:12|
|11.||"Sure 'Nuff 'n Yes I Do"||The Bootleggers feat. Mark Lanegan||2:35|
|12.||"White Light / White Heat"||Ralph Stanley||1:38|
|13.||"End Crawl"||Nick Cave & Warren Ellis||4:00|
|14.||"Midnight Run"||Willie Nelson||2:37|
- "Screenings of May 19th". Cannes Film Festival. May 19, 2012. Retrieved May 19, 2012.
- "Lawless (2012)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- McClintock, Pamela (August 15, 2012). "How 'Lawless' Nabbed New A-Listers Tom Hardy and Jessica Chastain". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
- Jagernauth, Kevin (August 28, 2012). "John Hillcoat Talks Sticking With Shia LaBeouf For 'Lawless,' How Tom Hardy Embraced His Feminine Side & More". The Playlist. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
- Goldberg, Matt (November 29, 2009). "Final Installment of AFM 2009 Coverage Featuring Stills, Images, and Synopses for DOROTHY OF OZ, JACKBOOTS ON WHITEHALL, ALIEN VS. NINJA, and More". Collider.com. Retrieved February 10, 2011.
- Rich, Katey (January 4, 2010). "The Road Director Hillcoat's Next Project Falls Apart". Cinema Blend. Retrieved February 10, 2011.
- Fischer, Russ (November 29, 2009). "John Hillcoat’s Next Courting Amy Adams for Female Lead, Retitled The Promised Land?". /Film. Retrieved February 10, 2011.
- Zeitchik, Steven (December 7, 2010). "Shia LaBeouf and Tom Hardy will be bootleggers". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 10, 2011.
- Kit, Borys (December 13, 2010). "EXCLUSIVE: Jessica Chastain to Star in 'The Wettest County'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 10, 2011.
- Dang, Simon (January 25, 2011). "Jason Clarke on Board John Hillcoat's Adaptation of The Wettest County in the World". The Playlist. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
- Dang, Simon (January 28, 2011). "Newcomer Dane DeHaan Joins John Hillcoat’s ‘The Wettest County In The World’". indieWire. Retrieved February 10, 2011.
- Kit, Borys (February 9, 2011). "Guy Pearce, Gary Oldman Join 'Wettest County in the World' (Berlin Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
- O'Hagan, Sean (August 25, 2012). "Nick Cave: 'Lawless is not so much a true story as a true myth'". The Guardian. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- Stutz, Colin (August 31, 2012). "Nick Cave on Writing the 'Lawless' Screenplay and Compiling and Playing Its Music (Q&A)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- Adams, Sam (September 19, 2012). "Nick Cave on Lawless, the sentimentality of sadists, and the war on drugs". The A.V. Club. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
- Melville, Elizabeth (February 8, 2011). "More calls sounded for 'extras' as Coweta becomes quite the movie hub". times-herald.com. Retrieved February 13, 2011.
- Shelton, Natalie (April 8, 2011). "Property owners get glimpse of movie filming". LaGrange Daily News. Retrieved April 8, 2011.
- Thomas, Amanda (April 17, 2011). "Filmmakers happy with Carrollton for their first movie". Times-Georgian. Retrieved April 17, 2011.
- Mandell, Andrea (August 27, 2012). "Shia LaBeouf gets a little 'Lawless' in indie movies". USA Today. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
- Reumont, François (May 23, 2012). "Cinematographer Benoît Delhomme, AFC, discusses his work on Jon Hillcoat’s "Lawless"". Afcinema. Retrieved September 23, 2012.
- Lodderhose, Diana (March 29, 2011). "Momentum, Alliance nabs 'Wettest County'". Variety (magazine). Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- McClintock, Pamela (May 16, 2011). "'Wettest County' Storms Cannes (Cannes 2011)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 16, 2011.
- Jagernauth, Kevin (March 22, 2012). "Sorry Terrence Malick, The Weinstein Company Has Changed 'The Wettest County' To 'Lawless'". indieWire.
- Dang, Simon (February 4, 2011). "Nick Cave Confirms He’ll Score John Hillcoat’s ‘The Wettest County’". indieWIRE. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
- THR Staff (May 20, 2012). "Cannes 2012: Inside The Weinstein Company's 'Lawless' Premiere". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- McClintock, Pamela (August 30, 2012). "Box Office Report: 'Lawless' Tops Wednesday Chart With $1.1 Mil, Scores B+ From Auds". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 18, 2012.
- "Lawless". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved September 18, 2012.
- "Lawless". Metacritic. Retrieved September 18, 2012.
- Rooney, David (May 19, 2012). "Lawless: Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- D'Angelo, Mike (May 20, 2012). "Cannes '12, Day Four: Bootleggers, transsexuals and falsely accused pedophiles, oh my!". The A.V. Club. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- Corliss, Richard (May 19, 2012). "Lawless: A Crime Drama That's Remorseless—and Often Lifeless". Time. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- Bradshaw, Peter (May 19, 2012). "Cannes 2012: Lawless – review". The Guardian. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- Gleiberman, Owen (August 31, 2012). "Lawless". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- LaSalle, Mick (August 28, 2012). "'Lawless' review: Moonshine and modern man". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- Travers, Peter (August 30, 2012). "Lawless". Rolling Stone. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- Ebert, Roger (August 29, 2012). "Lawless". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- Puig, Claudia (August 29, 2012). "'Lawless' feels limp despite moonshine and blood". USA Today. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- Edelstein, David (August 29, 2012). "Edelstein on Lawless: A Standard Revenge Film Played at Half-Speed". New York magazine. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- Abele, Robert (August 28, 2012). "Review: 'Lawless' is a bloody, cliched mess". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- Scott, A. O. (August 28, 2012). "Moonshine County That Is Stirred, Not Shaken". The New York Times. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- "2012 Official Selection". Cannes. Retrieved 2012-04-19.
- "Cannes Film Festival 2012 line-up announced". timeout. Retrieved 2012-04-19.
- "Lawless (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012-09-09.
- Official website
- Lawless at the Internet Movie Database
- Lawless at AllMovie
- Lawless at Rotten Tomatoes
- Lawless at Metacritic
- Lawless at Box Office Mojo