Cincinnati Bengals

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This article is about the current National Football League team. For the American Football League team of the same name (1937–41), see Cincinnati Bengals (1937–41).
Cincinnati Bengals
Current season
Established 1967; 49 years ago (1967)
First season: 1968
Play in and headquartered in Paul Brown Stadium
Cincinnati, Ohio
Cincinnati Bengals logo
Cincinnati Bengals wordmark
Logo Wordmark
League/conference affiliations

American Football League (1968–1969)

National Football League (1970–present)

Current uniform
AFCN-Uniform-CIN.PNG
Team colors

Black, Orange, White[1][2]

              
Mascot Who Dey[3]
Personnel
Owner(s) Mike Brown
President Mike Brown
General manager Mike Brown
Head coach Marvin Lewis
Team history
  • Cincinnati Bengals (1968–present)
Championships
League championships (0)

Conference championships (2)

Division championships (9)

Playoff appearances (14)
Home fields

The Cincinnati Bengals are a football team based in Cincinnati, OH. The Bengals currently compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the league's American Football Conference (AFC) North division. Their home stadium is Paul Brown Stadium in downtown Cincinnati. Their current head coach is Marvin Lewis, who has held the position since 2003 and is currently the second-longest tenured head coach in the NFL, behind the New England Patriots' Bill Belichick. Their chief rivals are the Pittsburgh Steelers, Cleveland Browns, and the Baltimore Ravens.

The Bengals were founded in 1966 as a member of the American Football League (AFL) by former Cleveland Browns head coach Paul Brown. Brown was the Bengals' head coach from their inception to 1975. After being dismissed as the Browns' head coach by Art Modell (who had purchased majority interest in the team in 1961) in January 1963, Brown had shown interest in establishing another NFL franchise in Ohio and looked at both Cincinnati and Columbus. He ultimately chose the former when a deal between the city, Hamilton County, and Major League Baseball's Cincinnati Reds (who were seeking a replacement for the obsolete Crosley Field) was struck that resulted in an agreement to build a multipurpose stadium which could host both baseball and football games. Due to the impending merger of the AFL and the NFL, which was scheduled to take full effect in the 1970 season, Brown agreed to join the AFL as its tenth and final franchise. The Bengals, like the other former AFL teams, were assigned to the AFC following the merger. Cincinnati was also selected because, like their neighbors the Reds, they could draw from several large neighboring cities (Louisville and Lexington, Kentucky; Columbus, Dayton, and Springfield, Ohio; and Indianapolis, Indiana) that are all no more than 110 miles (180 km) away from downtown Cincinnati.

The Bengals won the AFC championship in 1981 and 1988, but lost Super Bowls XVI and XXIII to the San Francisco 49ers. After Paul Brown's death in 1991, controlling interest in the team was inherited by his son, Mike Brown. In 2011, Brown purchased shares of the team owned by the estate of co-founder Austin Knowlton and is now the majority owner of the Bengals franchise.[4]

The 1990s and the 2000s were a period of great struggle. Following the 1990 season, the team went fifteen years without posting a winning record nor making the playoffs. The Bengals had several head coaches and several of their top draft picks did not pan out. Mike Brown, the team's de facto general manager,[5] was rated as among the worst team owners in American professional sports.[6] Compounding matters were off-field problems of several players, notably receiver Chris Henry, who was suspended several times during his short professional career and was briefly released by the Bengals, but was re-signed and remained with the team until his death in 2009.

Since the mid-2000s, the team's fortunes have improved. Two years after becoming head coach, Lewis guided the Bengals to their first winning season and first division title in over a decade. After the acquisition of Andy Dalton as quarterback in 2011, the Bengals have made the playoffs each season, ranking highly among NFL teams in win totals.[7] The Bengals drafts are also highly touted, leading to a consistency that had long escaped the franchise. However, the team has remained unable to win in the postseason and have not won a playoff game since 1990.

The Bengals are one of the 13 NFL teams to not have won a Super Bowl as of the 2016 season.

History of the Cincinnati Bengals[edit]

The franchise takes its name from an earlier Cincinnati Bengals team, which played from 1937–1941. It also was a nod to Paul Brown's Massillon, Ohio, roots where he coached the high school team known as the Tigers.

In 1967 an ownership group led by Paul Brown was granted a franchise in the American Football League. Brown named the team the Bengals in order "to give it a link with past professional football in Cincinnati."[8] Another Bengals team had existed in the city and played in three previous American Football Leagues[9] from 1937 to 1942. The city's world-renowned zoo was also home to a rare white Bengal tiger. However, possibly as an insult to Art Modell, or possibly as a homage to his own start as a head coach to the Massillon Tigers, Brown chose the exact shade of orange used by his former team. He added black as the secondary color. Brown chose a very simple logo: the word "BENGALS" in black lettering. One of the potential helmet designs Brown rejected was a striped motif that was similar to the helmets adopted by the team in 1981 and which is still in use to this day; however, that design featured yellow stripes on a turquoise helmet which were more uniform in width.

In 1966, the American Football League agreed to a merger with its older and more established rival, the National Football League. Among the terms of the merger was that the AFL was permitted to add one additional franchise. One of the reasons the NFL agreed to this was that they wanted an even number of clubs in the merged league, so a team needed to be added that brought the combined total number clubs in the merged league to twenty-six teams. The NFL was content for that team to be in the American Football League because it meant that the existing nine AFL clubs were the ones that had to provide players in the ensuing expansion draft and the NFL owners preferred for the ensuing dilution of talent to occur in what they had always considered to be an inferior league.[citation needed] For the AFL, a key motive behind their agreement to accept a new team was that the guarantee of an eventual place in the NFL meant the league could charge a steep expansion fee of $10 million–400 times the $25,000 the original eight owners paid when they founded the league in 1960. The cash from the new team provided the American Football League with the funds needed to pay the indemnities required to be paid by the AFL to the NFL, as stipulated by the merger agreement.

Prior to the merger being announced, Brown had not seriously considered joining the American Football League, and was not a supporter of what he openly regarded to be an inferior competition, once famously stating that "I didn't pay ten million dollars to be in the AFL."[10] However, with the announcement of the merger, Brown realized that the AFL expansion franchise would likely be his only realistic path back into the NFL in the short to medium term. He ultimately acquiesced to joining the AFL when after learning that the team was guaranteed to become an NFL franchise after the merger was completed in 1970.

There was also a complication: Major League Baseball's Cincinnati Reds were in need of a facility to replace the antiquated, obsolete Crosley Field, which they had used since 1912. Parking nightmares had plagued the city as far back as the 1950s, the little park lacked modern amenities, and New York City, which in 1957 had lost both its National League teams (the Dodgers and the Giants) to Los Angeles and San Francisco, respectively, was actively courting Reds owner Powel Crosley. However, Crosley was adamant that the Reds remain in Cincinnati and tolerated worsening problems with the Crosley Field location, which were exacerbated by the Millcreek Expressway (I-75) project that ran alongside the park.

Paul Brown Stadium, home of the Bengals.

With assistance from Ohio governor James A. Rhodes, Hamilton County and the Cincinnati city council agreed to build a single multi-purpose facility on the dilapidated riverfront section of the city. The new facility had to be ready by the opening of the 1970 NFL season and was officially named Riverfront Stadium. With the completion of the merger in 1970, the Cleveland Browns were moved to the AFL-based American Football Conference and placed in the AFC Central, the same division as the Bengals. An instant rivalry was born, fueled initially by Paul Brown's rivalry with Art Modell.

For their first two seasons, the Bengals played at Nippert Stadium which is the current home of the University of Cincinnati Bearcats.[11] The team held training camp at Wilmington College in Wilmington, Ohio, through the 1996 preseason. The team finished its first season with a 3–11 record.[12] One bright spot was running back Paul Robinson, who rushed for 1,023 yards and was named the AFL Rookie of the Year.

Quarterback Carson Palmer, wide receiver #84 T.J. Houshmandzadeh, and the rest of the Bengals line up to play the Pittsburgh Steelers in 2006.

Founder Paul Brown coached the team for its first eight seasons. One of Brown's college draft strategies was to draft players with above-average intelligence. Punter/wide receiver Pat McInally attended Harvard University and linebacker Reggie Williams attended Dartmouth College and served on Cincinnati city council while on the Bengals' roster. Because of this policy, many former players were highly articulate and went on to have successful careers in commentary and broadcasting as well as the arts. In addition, Brown had a knack for locating and recognizing pro football talent in unusual places.[13]

In 1970 the Bengals moved to play at Riverfront Stadium, a home they shared with the Cincinnati Reds until the team moved to Paul Brown Stadium in 2000. The team reached the playoffs three times during that decade, but could not win any of those postseason games. In 1975, the team posted an 11–3 record, giving them what is to this day the highest winning percentage (.786) in franchise history. But it only earned them a wild card spot in the playoffs, behind the 12–2 Pittsburgh Steelers, who went on to win the Super Bowl. The Bengals lost to the Oakland Raiders 31–28 in the divisional playoffs.

Andy Dalton takes a snap before a game against the Baltimore Ravens on January 1, 2012.

The Bengals reached the Super Bowl twice during the 1980s, but lost both times to the San Francisco 49ers. The team appeared in the playoffs in 1990, making it to the second round before losing to the Los Angeles Raiders. Before the following season got underway, Paul Brown died at age 82. He had already transferred control to his son, Mike Brown, but was reported to still influence the daily operations of the team. The Bengals' fortunes changed for the worse as the team posted 14 consecutive non-winning seasons and were saddled with numerous draft busts. They began to emerge from that dismal period into a new era of increased consistency, however, after the hiring of Marvin Lewis as head coach in 2003. Carson Palmer, the future star quarterback, was drafted in 2003, but did not play a snap that whole season, as Jon Kitna had a comeback year (voted NFL Comeback Player of the Year). Despite Kitna's success, Palmer was promoted to starting quarterback the following season. Under Palmer, the team advanced to the playoffs for the first time since 1990 in the 2005 season, which also was the first time the team had a winning percentage above .500 since 1990.

The Bengals returned to the playoffs again in 2009 in a season that included the franchise's first ever division sweep. This was especially impressive since two of the teams swept by the Bengals (the Pittsburgh Steelers and the Baltimore Ravens) had both made it to the AFC Championship Game the previous season. Marvin Lewis was rewarded for the accomplishment with the NFL Coach of the Year Award. In the 2010 season, the Bengals posted a 4–12 record.

Following the disappointing 2010 season, quarterback Carson Palmer demanded to be traded. When the Bengals refused to do so, Palmer announced his retirement from the NFL. He later signed with the Oakland Raiders. In the 2011 NFL draft, the Bengals selected wide receiver AJ Green in the first round, and quarterback Andy Dalton in the second round. The Bengals improved to 9–7 in the 2011 season, and clinched a playoff spot. Dalton and Green became the most prolific rookie WR-QB duo in history, connecting 65 times for 1,057 yards. However, they lost to the Houston Texans 31–10 in the Wild Card Round. In the 2012 season, the Bengals clinched a playoff spot once more with a win over the Pittsburgh Steelers, going to the playoffs in back-to-back years for the first time since 1982. However, the Bengals faced the Texans in the first round yet again and took another early exit, losing 19–13.

In the 2013 season, for the third straight year, the Bengals clinched a playoff berth and also won the AFC North, finishing with an 11-5 record. But once again, the Bengals were defeated in the wild card round, this time by the San Diego Chargers, 27-10. Most of the blame was put on Andy Dalton, who threw 2 interceptions and fumbled on a forward dive. This made the Bengals 0-5 in playoff games since Mike Brown took over as owner. The 2014 season started well with the Bengals winning their first three contests against the Baltimore Ravens, the Atlanta Falcons, and the Tennessee Titans. However, they lost their week 5 matchup at the New England Patriots, 43-17. An overtime tie to the Carolina Panthers and shutout loss to the Indianapolis Colts followed the primetime loss to the Patriots. Finishing the season 10-5-1 as the 5th seed, they lost to the Colts 26-10 in the first round of the playoffs. This was the first time the franchise made the playoffs 4 straight seasons.

In 2015, the Bengals got out to a franchise-best 8-0 start with a 31-10 win over the Cleveland Browns, But then they the lost multiple games in a row losing their undefeated title but still winning their division and clinching a playoff berth. However, they lost to the division rival Pittsburgh Steelers 18-16 in the Wild Card round, making them the first franchise in NFL history to lose five straight opening round playoff games.

Logos and uniforms[edit]

Original Cincinnati Bengals uniform (1968–1980)

When the team debuted in 1968, the Bengals' uniforms were modeled after the Cleveland Browns. When Paul Brown was fired by Art Modell, Brown still owned the equipment used by Cleveland. So after the firing, Paul Brown packed up all his equipment, which he then used for his new team in Cincinnati. The Cleveland Browns' team colors were brown, orange, and white, then they changed to white, black, and orange, and their helmets were solid orange with a white dorsal stripe over the crest.

The Bengals' team colors were orange, black, and white, and their helmets were a similar shade of orange, with the only variations being the word "Bengals" in block letters on either side of the helmet and no stripe on the helmet. The Cincinnati Bengals were unique in the NFL as they did not have uniform numbers on the players sleeves until the 1980 season. The team did not discard their Cleveland-like uniforms until 1981. During that year, a then-unique uniform design was introduced. Although the team kept black jerseys, white jerseys, and white pants, they were now trimmed with orange and black tiger stripes. The team also introduced the orange helmets with black tiger stripes that are still in use today.

In 1997, the Bengals designed a logo consisting of a leaping tiger, and it was added to the uniform sleeves. Another alternate logo consisted of a Bengal's head facing to the left. However, the orange helmet with black tiger stripes continued to be the team's primary trademark. In 2004, a new tiger stripe pattern and more accents were added to the uniforms. The black jerseys now featured orange tiger-striped sleeves and white side panels, while the white jerseys began to use black tiger-striped sleeves and orange shoulders.[14] A new logo consisting of an orange "B" covered with black tiger stripes was introduced.[15] The team also started rotating black pants and debuted an alternate orange jersey, with white side panels and black tiger-striped sleeves. The Bengals have worn their black uniforms at home throughout their history, with some exceptions such as the 1970 season when the Bengals wore white at home for the entire season, and most of the 1971 season. Since 2005, the Bengals wear white for September home games where the heat could become a factor.

Mascots[edit]

The team's official mascot is a Bengal tiger named Who Dey who walks around on the field often behind the goal post.[16] Aside from Who Dey, the team also has the Cincinnati Ben–Gals, the team's cheerleading squad,[17] which included Laura Vikmanis, the oldest cheerleader in league history.[18]

Contributions to NFL culture[edit]

No-huddle offense[edit]

A no-huddle offense was commonly used by all teams when time in the game was running low. However, Sam Wyche, the head coach of the Bengals in 1988, along with offensive coordinator Bruce Coslet, made the high-paced offense the standard modality for the ball club regardless of time remaining. By quickly substituting and setting up for the next play—often within 5–10 seconds after the last play despite being afforded 45 seconds—the Bengals hindered the other team's defense from substituting situational players, regrouping for tactical purpose, and resting. In response the NFL instituted rules allowing the defense ample time for substitutions when offensive substitutions were made.

The hurry-up tactic was used by the franchise during the late 1980s while Sam Wyche was the coach. A rival for AFC supremacy during this time was the Buffalo Bills, coached by Marv Levy, who also used a version of the no-huddle offense starting with the 1989 season. The Bengals had beaten the Bills three times in 1988 (pre-season, regular season, and the AFC Championship Game). Marv Levy threatened to fake injuries if the Bengals used the "no-huddle" in the AFC Championship. Wyche was notified that the commissioner had ordered the "no-huddle" illegal for the game. The official notified Wyche and the Bengals' team just two hours before the game kickoff. Wyche asked to talk directly to the commissioner and word immediately came back that the "no-huddle" would not be penalized. Levy did not have his players fake injuries in the game, but installed his version the next year, 1989. The Bengals first used the "no-huddle" in 1984. Most of the high-profile games (the various games for AFC titles and regular season games) between the two led to these changes in NFL rules. Wyche also first used the timeout periods as an opportunity to bring his entire team to the sideline to talk to all eleven players, plus substitutes, at one time. This allowed trainers time to treat a cut or bruise and equipment managers time to repair an equipment defect.

West Coast offense[edit]

The West Coast offense is the popular name for the high-percentage passing scheme designed by former Bengals assistant Bill Walsh. Walsh formulated what has become popularly known as the West Coast offense during his tenure as assistant coach for the Cincinnati Bengals from 1968 to 1975, while working under the tutelage of Brown. Bengals quarterback Virgil Carter was the first player to successfully implement Walsh's system, leading the NFL in pass completion percentage in 1971. Ken Anderson later replaced Carter as Cincinnati's starting quarterback, and was even more successful. In his 16-year career in the NFL, Anderson made four trips to the Pro Bowl, won four passing titles, was named NFL MVP in 1981, and set the record for completion percentage in a single season in 1982 (70.66%).

Zone blitz[edit]

The defense created to combat the West Coast offense also came from Cincinnati. Then-Bengals defensive coordinator Dick LeBeau (who later served as the team's head coach from 2000–2002) created the zone blitz in the 1980s in response to the West Coast offense.

Season-by-season records[edit]

Players of note[edit]

Current roster[edit]

Cincinnati Bengals roster
Quarterbacks

Running backs

Wide receivers

Tight ends

Offensive linemen

Defensive linemen

Linebackers

Defensive backs

Special teams

Reserve lists

Practice squad

Rookies in italics
Roster updated November 29, 2016
Depth ChartTransactions

53 Active, 6 Inactive, 10 Practice Squad

AFC rostersNFC rosters

Retired numbers[edit]

Cincinnati Bengals retired numbers
No. Player Position Seasons Retired
54 Bob Johnson C 1968–79 1978

Pro Football Hall of Fame members[edit]

Cincinnati Bengals Hall of Famers
No. Name Position(s) Season(s) Inducted
Paul Brown Owner, Coach 1968–1975 1967[19]
18 Charlie Joiner WR 1972–1975 1996[20]
78 Anthony Muñoz OL 1980–1992 1998[21]

Cincinnati Bengals individual awards[edit]

NFL MVP Winners
Season Player Position
1981 Ken Anderson QB
1988 Boomer Esiason QB
AFL/NFL Rookie of the Year
Season Player Position
1968 Paul Robinson RB
1969 Greg Cook QB
1985 Eddie Brown WR
1992 Carl Pickens WR
Maxwell Club NFL Coach of the Year
Season Coach
1969 Paul Brown
1970 Paul Brown
2009 Marvin Lewis

Head coaches[edit]

Name Tenure Regular Season Record Post Season Record
W L T W L
Tiger Woods 1968–1975 55 59 1 0 3
Bill "Tiger" Johnson 1976–1978 18 15 0 -- --
Homer Rice 1978–1979 8 19 0 -- --
Forrest Gregg 1980–1983 34 27 0 2 2
Sam Wyche 1984–1991 64 68 0 3 2
Dave Shula 1992–1996 19 52 0 -- --
Bruce Coslet 1996–2000 21 39 0 -- --
Dick LeBeau 2000–2002 12 33 0 -- --
Marvin Lewis 2003–present 115 101 3 0 7

40th anniversary team[edit]

In 2007, in celebration of their 40th anniversary the Bengals named an all-time team voted on by the fans.[22]

Offense Defense
Carson Palmer QB Justin Smith DE
James Brooks RB Ross Browner DE
Ickey Woods FB Tim Krumrie DT
Chad Johnson WR Mike Reid DT
T. J. Houshmandzadeh WR Reggie Williams LB
Dan Ross TE Takeo Spikes LB
Anthony Muñoz T Brian Simmons LB
Willie Anderson T Ken Riley CB
Max Montoya G Lemar Parrish CB
Dave Lapham G David Fulcher S
Rich Braham C Solomon Wilcots S
Special Teams
Shayne Graham (K), Lee Johnson (P)

Current staff[edit]

Cincinnati Bengals staff
Front Office
Head Coaches
Offensive Coaches
 
Defensive Coaches
Special Teams Coaches
Strength and Conditioning
Coaching assistants

Coaching staff
Management
More NFL staffs

AFC East
BUF
MIA
NE
NYJ
North
BAL
CIN
CLE
PIT
South
HOU
IND
JAX
TEN
West
DEN
KC
OAK
SD
NFC East
DAL
NYG
PHI
WAS
North
CHI
DET
GB
MIN
South
ATL
CAR
NO
TB
West
ARI
LA
SF
SEA

Radio and television[edit]

The Bengals flagship radio stations are WCKY, "ESPN 1530" and WEBN-FM, with WLW AM 700 joining in following the end of the Reds' season. Most preseason and regular season games, are telecast on WKRC-TV, Local 12, the CBS affiliate. The current TV announcers for preseason games are Dan Hoard on play-by play, and Dave Lapham as analyst.[23]

Chant[edit]

"Who Dey?!" is the name of a chant of support by fans of the Cincinnati Bengals, in use for over 30 years. The entire chant is: "Who dey, who dey, who dey think gonna beat dem Bengals?" The answer screamed in unison, "Nobody." Sometimes fans will instead shout "Who Dey?" to represent the entire cheer. "Who Dey" is also the name of the team's mascot, a Bengal tiger.[24]

The Who Dey chant's first known use was by fans of the 1980 Cincinnati Bengals. While the origin of the chant is unsettled, one possible source for the chant is a 1980 commercial for (the now-defunct) Red Frazier Ford of Cincinnati, which used this tagline: "Who's going to give you a better deal than Red Frazier?...Nobody!" Cincinnati fans who had seen the commercial many times may have just copied it when cheering.[25]

The Who Dey chant is also steeped in local beer lore. Hudy, a leading product of Hudepohl Brewing Company through the late 1980s, bears a phonetic similarity to the "Who Dey" chant. Beer vendors who carried full cases of bottled local beer up and down the steep upper stairs of what was then Riverfront Stadium would call out "Hudy", "Berger" and other local beer names. Raucous fans would often chant back and forth with them as the vendors called out. During the 1980 season the banter with the Hudepohl vendors grew organically into the now famous (Hu-Dey) -Who They?- chant.[26]

The chant bears some similarities to the phrase "Who Dat?", which was officially adopted by the New Orleans Saints in 1983 but had been used by Louisiana's high school team fans for some time. The saying "Who Dat?" originated in minstrel shows and vaudeville acts in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, then it was taken up by New Orleans Jazz and various Big band folks in the 1920s and 1930s. In the late 1960s, local Louisiana High Schools, St. Augustine High School and Patterson High School reportedly have been using the cheer and Gulf Coast fans of Alcorn State University and Louisiana State University picked up the cheer in the 1970s. Southern University in Baton Rouge, Louisiana claims to have originated the cheer in the late 1960s in their version: "Who dat talking 'bout beating dem Jags?"[27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cincinnati Bengals Team Capsule" (PDF). 2016 Official National Football League Record and Fact Book. National Football League. July 15, 2016. Retrieved August 4, 2016. 
  2. ^ "Bengals Jersey Colors". Cincinnati Bengals. Retrieved September 30, 2016. 
  3. ^ "Bengals Mascot "Who Dey"". Cincinnati Bengals. September 15, 2015. Retrieved September 15, 2015. 
  4. ^ Katzowitz, Josh (December 23, 2011). "Mike Brown Now Owns Most of Bengals Franchise". CBS Sports. CBS Interactive. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  5. ^ "HBO Shows Bengals Behind the Scenes". ESPN. Associated Press. August 20, 2009. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  6. ^ "The 16 Worst Owners in Sports: Mike Brown – Cincinnati Bengals". Business Insider. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Polian: Questioning Bengals success 'absurd'". Retrieved 2015-09-17. 
  8. ^ "Cincinnati Bengals Team History". Bengals.com. Retrieved October 6, 2011. 
  9. ^ AFL II 1937, AFL/APFA 1939, AFL III 1940–1941
  10. ^ "Paul Brown". Conigliofamily.com. Retrieved 2013-12-16. 
  11. ^ "Hot Football Time in Old Cincy Tonight". St. Petersburg Times. Associated Press. August 3, 1968. p. 2C. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Cincinnati Bengals Team Encyclopedia". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  13. ^ Verderame, Matt. "Paul Brown and his Lasting Influence on the NFL". Fansided. Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 22 November 2016. 
  14. ^ "2004-Present: The New Stripes". Cincinnati Bengals. Retrieved September 30, 2016. 
  15. ^ "Bengals Logos - Then & Now". Cincinnati Bengals. Retrieved September 30, 2016. 
  16. ^ "Bengals Mascot "Who Dey"". Bengals.com. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  17. ^ "Ben-Gals Cheerleaders Home". Bengals.com. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  18. ^ "Laura Vikmanis, 42, is NFL's oldest cheerleader: Can she keep up with younger girls?". Dailymail.co.uk. 2011-01-22. Retrieved 2012-07-09. 
  19. ^ "Paul Brown". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved December 29, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Charlie Joiner". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  21. ^ "Anthony Muñoz". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  22. ^ "Bengals 40th Anniversary Team". Bengals.com. 
  23. ^ "Cincinnati Bengals weekly news release" (PDF). bengals.com. Cincinnati Bengals. Retrieved 22 November 2016. 
  24. ^ "Bengals Mascot "Who Dey"". Cincinnati Bengals. National Football League. Retrieved June 15, 2011. 
  25. ^ Monkovic, Toni (December 14, 2006). "Who Dey vs. Who Dat". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. Retrieved June 15, 2011. 
  26. ^ This is an eye witness account from a Cincinnati Bengals season ticket holder. This family held season tickets for the Bengals from their inaugural season in 1968 through the 2000 season when the Bengals moved to Paul Brown Stadium.
  27. ^ Morris, George (December 30, 2009). "Where dat from?". 2theadvocate.com. Archived from the original on January 27, 2010. Retrieved May 23, 2015. 

External links[edit]