Le Lisp

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Le Lisp
ParadigmsMulti-paradigm: functional, procedural, reflective, meta
Designed byJérôme Chailloux
Emmanuel St. James
Matthieu Devin
Jean-Marie Hullot
DeveloperFrench Institute for Research in Computer Science and Automation (INRIA)
First appeared1981; 43 years ago (1981)
Stable release
15.26.13 / 8 January 2020; 4 years ago (2020-01-08)
Implementation languageC, LLM3, Le Lisp
PlatformExormacs, VAX, 68000, Apple II series, IBM PC, IBM 3081, PerkinElmer 32, x86, SPARC, PowerPC, MIPS, Alpha
OSVERSAdos, CP/M, OpenVMS Windows, Unix, Linux, Classic Mac OS, macOS, FreeBSD, Solaris, HP-UX, AIX
LicenseProprietary until 2020, 2-clause BSD License since 2020
Influenced by
ISLISP, OpenLisp

Le Lisp (also Le_Lisp and Le-Lisp) is a programming language, a dialect of the language Lisp.[1][2][3]

Programming language[edit]

It was developed at the French Institute for Research in Computer Science and Automation (INRIA), to be an implementation language for a very large scale integration (VLSI) workstation being designed under the direction of Jean Vuillemin. Le Lisp also had to run on various incompatible platforms (mostly running Unix operating systems) that were used by the project. The main goals for the language were to be a powerful post-Maclisp version of Lisp that would be portable, compatible, extensible, and efficient.[4]

Jérôme Chailloux led the Le Lisp team, working with Emmanuel St. James, Matthieu Devin, and Jean-Marie Hullot in 1980. The dialect is historically noteworthy as one of the first Lisp implementations to be available on both the Apple II[4] and the IBM PC.[5]

On 2020-01-08, INRIA agreed to migrate the source code to the 2-clause BSD License which allowed few native ports from ILOG and Eligis to adopt this license model.

1958 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020
 LISP 1, 1.5, LISP 2(abandoned)
 Lisp Machine Lisp
 Scheme  R5RS  R6RS  R7RS small
 ZIL (Zork Implementation Language)
 Franz Lisp
 Common Lisp  ANSI standard
 Le Lisp
 MIT Scheme
 Chez Scheme
 Emacs Lisp
 PLT Scheme  Racket
 GNU Guile
 Visual LISP


  1. ^ Chailloux, Jérôme (1983). "Le Lisp 80 version 12" (PDF). INRIA. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
  2. ^ J. Chailloux; M. Devin; J. M. Hullot (1984). "Le_Lisp, a portable and efficient Lisp system" (PDF). INRIA. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
  3. ^ Chailloux, Jérôme (November 2001). Le_Lisp de l'INRIA: Le Manuel de référence. Version 14. Rocquencourt France: INRIA. p. 190.
  4. ^ a b Steele, Jr., Guy L.; Gabriel, Richard P. (1 March 1993). "The evolution of Lisp". ACM SIGPLAN Notices. 28 (3): 231–270. doi:10.1145/155360.155373. ISSN 0362-1340. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  5. ^ Méndez, Luis Argüelles (22 October 2015). A Practical Introduction to Fuzzy Logic using LISP. Springer. pp. 7–8. ISBN 978-3-319-23186-0.

External links[edit]