Lebanese Navy

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Lebanese Navy
القوات البحرية اللبنانية
Lebanese Navy Flag.gif
Flag of the Lebanese Navy
Active 1950 - present
Country  Lebanon
Type Navy
Size 5000 personnel
65 vessels
Part of Lebanese Armed Forces
Headquarters Beirut Naval Base
Engagements
Website lebarmy.gov.lb
Commanders
Commander Rear-Admiral Majed Alwan
Insignia
Emblem Lebanese navy logo.JPG

The Lebanese Navy (Arabic: القوات البحرية اللبنانية‎‎ Al-qūwātu al-Baḥriyya al-Lubnāniyya), literally "the Lebanese Sea Forces" is the Navy of the Lebanese Armed Forces. It was formed in 1950 and based in Beirut Naval Base, Lebanon’s first naval base. The navy, which currently lacks the proper number of equipment, has a number of approximately 65 vessels of various sizes and roles; however, the navy is trying to modernize itself, and increase its size. The flag of the Lebanese navy depicts a Phoenician ship with the Lebanese Cedar tree, positioned on an anchor above the Arabic inscription of the navy's name.

The Lebanese government approved on January 16, 2009 a request by the Lebanese Ministry of Defense to build a new naval base on the shores of Nahr el-Bared Palestinian refugee camp in northern Lebanon.[2]

The role in marine conservation[edit]

Main article: Marine environmental issues in Lebanon

In Lebanon, marine conservation, marine pollution response and implementation of the international maritime conventions such as the international convention for the prevention of pollution from ships are the concern of the Lebanese navy, since it is the only state authority that can enforce the maritime law in both Lebanese exclusive economic zone and territorial waters.[3]
For the reason that:

  • Lebanese navy do not recruit specialized officers with a high diploma in the maritime field. [4]
  • The skills of the Lebanese Naval Forces are not incredibly diverse or necessarily advanced to the level of European countries due to their limited human resources and equipment.[5]

Lebanese Navy undergoes difficulties in accomplishing its enduring roles in maritime safety, security and marine environment stewardship.

Equipment and Systems[edit]

Current fleet list[edit]

Class Type Origin In Service Photos
Engin de débarquement d'infanterie et de chars
(LOA 59,00 Meters)
Landing craft  France 21-Sour
22-Damour
EDIC Sabre.JPG
Advanced Multimission Platform
AMP 145
(LOA 43.50 metres)
Coastal Security Craft  United States 44 - Trablous
34 meters patrol boat Security boat
(Sicherungsbooten)
 Germany 42 - Amchit
(ex-Bremen 2)
WSPHB2.jpg
Avel Gwalarn Class[6]
(LOA 30.35 meters/28 knots)
Speed-boat
(Vedette)
 France 43-Al-Kalamoun
(ex-DF 41)
La vedette des douanes françaises SUROIT.JPG
Todendorf class
(LOA 28,90 Meters)
Security boat
(Sicherungsbooten)
 Germany 41-Tabarja
(ex-Y838 Bergen)
Todendorf class 1469.JPG
Fassmer FPB 20
(LOA 20,00 meters)
Security boat
(Sicherungsbooten)
 Germany 308-Nakoura
(ex-Bremen 9)
Attacker class
(LOA 20,00 meters)
Boat  United Kingdom 301-Trablous
302-Jounieh
304-Jbeil
305-Beirut
306-Saida
307-Sarafand
Phenix 55 FPB[7]
(17 meters/46 knots)
Speed-boat  Lebanon Sannine
Fast Intercept Boats Speed-boat  United Arab Emirates 4*16 meters
6*12 meters
Medium Yacht (Captured from a drug smuggler) [8] Boat 501-Imanuella
Watercraft 45 ft
(13.7 meters)
Boat  United Kingdom 4
Gun Boats [9]
(11 meters)
RHIB  United States 8 US Navy 061121-N-8547M-067 An 11 meter Rigid Hull Inflatable Boat (RHIB) conducts Visit, Board, Search and Seizure (VBSS) training off the starboard side of amphibious assault ship USS Saipan (LHA 2).jpg
MK2 Bridge Erection Boat/
Combat Support Boats
(8.24 meters)
Boat  United Kingdom 27 US Navy 120203-N-ZZ999-010 Seabees from Naval Mobile Construction Battalion (NMCB) 133 and Marines from 8th Engineering Support Battalion 8th (ESB).jpg

On February 19, 2015 the Saudi press agency quoted on a Saudi official, that Saudi Arabia halted the $3 billion program for military supplies to Lebanon. Lebanese navy does not have any vessel operational and maneouvrable in difficult weather conditions and undergoes diffuculties in accomplishing its mission in Search and rescue, Marine safety, Marine environmental protection, Maritime law enforcement, and controlling illegal migrants fleeing to Europe and sufferring casualties. Also, Lebanon intends to provide protection for the future natural gas installations and enforce the law and the State authority in Lebanese Territorial Waters. Lebanon count on the US military aid to be equipped with a multi-function vessel with a wide range of capabilities such as the RiverHawk OSV 60.

Coastal Radar Stations[edit]

Lebanese Armed Forces

Organization
Ministry of National Defense
Lebanese Air Force
Lebanese Navy
Lebanese Special Forces
Lebanese Red Cross
Personnel
LAF Commanders
Lebanese Military Personnel
Topics of Lebanon
Culture - Geography
History - Politics

The Lebanese Navy is in charge of the coastal radar stations, in 1992, three stations in all of Tripoli, Sidon, and Tyre were established, followed by upgrades and new stations in 1997. However, during the 2006 Lebanon War all of the stations were bombed by the Israeli Navy. After the war ended, Germany and Lebanon signed a bilateral agreement to establish The Coastal Radar Organization (CRO) which aimed to create and consolidate a chain of seven coastal radar stations with the ability to cover the entire Mediterranean coast of Lebanon. Three of these stations are older and were refurbished with new equipment and facilities; the four other are new installations.

Surveillance[edit]

In February, 2008, the Lebanese navy ordered six Pharos XLR3+ Long Range Multisensor Surveillance Platforms in order to equip their naval stations which lack 24/7 long-range surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities in all weather conditions.[10]

Training[edit]

The Lebanese Naval Forces send nearly all of their Navy officers for training abroad in a variety of European countries as well as the United States. Each country offers different training depending on the specializations of each officer. Officers sent to the United States have undergone schooling in surface warfare and experienced on job training with the US Coast Guard. Many Lebanese Naval Forces Engineers head to France where they receive education regarding detection, transmission, and artillery. Skills used in much of the domestic duties of the Lebanese Naval Forces from initial staff courses, amphibious training, and maritime drug enforcement are taught at British academies. The skills of the Lebanese Naval Forces are not incredibly diverse or necessarily advanced to the level of European countries due to their limited human resources and equipments.[5]

Cooperation with the UNIFIL MTF[edit]

The existence of the UNIFIL Maritime Task Force is helping the Lebanese Navy to enhance the skills of its personnel through the periodical joint exercises and daily cooperation. Upon the arrival of the MTF to the region (after the 2006 Lebanon War), the Lebanese Navy began jointly working with the navy in lead, which at the time was the Italian Navy, in order to insure a successful outcome to the assigned peace operation.[11]

Figures[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon] Peacekeeping in between the Blue Line
  2. ^ "Naval Base on the Shores of Nahr al-Bared Camp". Naharnet Newsdesk. January 16, 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-17. 
  3. ^ Missions of the Lebanese navy Archived September 30, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ List of specializations required in the Lebanese armed forces Archived May 14, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ a b "Lebanese Navy". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved November 28, 2008. 
  6. ^ "Cérémonie de cession de la vedette française DF41 Avel Gwalarn au Liban" (in French). Ministère de la défense - Marine Nationale. May 27, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-28. [dead link]
  7. ^ Colonel Njeim, Antoine; Doumet, Salim; Masour, Terez (October 2007). القوات البحرية. Lebanese Army Magazine (in Arabic). Retrieved December 7, 2008. 
  8. ^ Wertheim, Eric (2007). The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World. 291 Wood Road, Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. p. 446. ISBN 978-1-59114-955-2. 
  9. ^ "Lebanese Navy receives 8 gunboats from America". April 14, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Lebanese Navy Order Pharos Long Range Multi-Sensor Surveillance Platform". Advanced Imaging Pro. February 14, 2008. Retrieved November 28, 2008. 
  11. ^ "UNIFIL MTF and the Lebanese Navy cooperation and contribution to PSO" (PDF). Rear Admiral (UH) Ali EL MOALLEM. Retrieved 2008-12-29. [dead link]


External links[edit]

  • French Minister of Defense delegate Secretary of Old Combatants and Memories Kader Arif visits President of Lebanon Michel Suleiman and Commander-in-Chief of Lebanese Armed Forces Jean Kahwaji and Chief of General Staff in a hommage ceremonie to pay tribute to the victims of Drakkar on 23 October 2013; while Lebanon was celebrating its 70th Independence Anniversary; assuring the President of Lebanon "France remains and hopes to remain a lead partner for Lebanon in the mobilization of the international community to ensure political stability"