Lega Serie A
|Number of teams||20|
|Level on pyramid||1|
|Relegation to||Lega Serie B|
|Domestic cup(s)||Coppa Italia
|International cup(s)||Champions League
|Most championships||Juventus (29 titles)|
|2014–15 Serie A|
The Lega Nazionale Professionisti Serie A (Italian for National League of Professionals Serie A), commonly known as Lega Serie A (Serie A League), is the governing body that runs the major professional football competitions in Italy, most prominently the Serie A.
It was founded on 1 July 2010. In the past the television rights of the Serie A clubs were sold separately, and the league "Serie A" had to financial support Serie B through divided part of the Serie A TV revenues to Serie B clubs. On 30 April 2009, Serie A announced a split from Serie B. Nineteen of the twenty clubs voted in favour of the move. Relegation-threatened Lecce voted against.
The governing body took over most of the competitions formerly held by Lega Calcio, namely Serie A, Coppa Italia, Supercoppa Italiana, and youth competitions Campionato Nazionale Primavera, Coppa Italia Primavera, and Supercoppa Primavera. The Serie B, instead, is now organised by the Lega Serie B, also created in 2010.
There are 20 clubs in Serie A. During the course of a season (generally from August to May) each club plays the others twice (a double round robin system), once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents, for a total of 38 games. Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw; no points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points; the club with the most points is crowned champion at the end of each season. If two teams are equal on points, they're ranked by points scored in head-to-head matches, then by goal difference in said games, then by goal difference in all games and then by total numbers of goals scored. If still equal, teams are deemed to occupy the same position. However, if following the application of the above-mentioned tiebreaker criteria there is still a tie for the championship, for relegation, or for qualification to other competitions, positions will be decided by drawing of lots. The three lowest placed teams are relegated in Serie B and the top two teams from Serie B, together with the winner of play-offs involving the third to sixth placed clubs, are promoted in their place.
The Lega Serie A also organizes the Supercoppa Italiana, a yearly match between the champions of the Serie A and the winners of the Coppa Italia.
List of Lega Serie A presidents
- "Serie A to form breakaway league". BBC Sport. 30 April 2009. Retrieved 2 July 2010.
- Serie A clubs to set up their own league - Washington Post[dead link]
- "Serie A set for breakaway". Sky Sports. 30 April 2009. Retrieved 2 July 2010.
- Italian league splits in two after meeting ends in stalemate - Guardian
- "Comunicato ufficiale n. 28/a" (PDF) (in Italian). Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio. 18 July 2008. Retrieved 3 July 2010.
- "Presentato il Nike Seitiro". legaseriea.it (in Italian) (Lega Nazionale Professionisti Serie A). 30 June 2011. Retrieved 4 September 2011.
- "Lega di A: gli organi dirigenti". FC Internazionale Milano (in Italian) (www.inter.it). 1 July 2010. Retrieved 2 July 2010.
- "Comunicato Ufficiale n° 1". Comunicati Segreteria - Lega Serie A (in Italian). 1 July 2010. Retrieved 2 July 2010.