Italian Football Federation
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The Italian Football Federation (Italian: Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio; FIGC), also known as Federcalcio, is the governing body of football in Italy. It organises the Italian football league, Coppa Italia, Italian national football team, and the Italian women's national football team. It is based in Rome, and technical department in Florence, and is a founding member of UEFA and a member of FIFA.
The Federation was founded in 1898 when the sport was picking up in the country and it needed a formal structure to take football and the local team to the next level. The first presidency was decided in the Piedmontese capital of Turin, where Mario Vicary was elected along with Luigi D'Ovidio.
When created, this football federation was given a different name: Federazione Italiana Football (FIF) because all play terms and rules were the same as the official FA rules.
When, in 1909, it was suggested to change the Federation's name at an annual board elections held in Milan, the few teams attending, representing less than 50% the active clubs, decided to send a postcard asking all teams to vote for the five new names discussed during the meeting. The new name approved was "Federazione Italiana Giuoco del Calcio" and since then this has been the name of the Italian Football Federation. The debut of the Men's National Team was on 15 May 1910, at Arena Civica, wearing a white jersey where Italy defeated France 6–2. The following year, the blue jersey was introduced on the occasion of the match against Hungary, as a tribute to the colour of the House of Savoy.
This Italian Federation was an amateur federation respecting FIFA rules when it became a member in 1905. At the end of World War 1, the federation had seen impressive development and several footballers were judged to be professional players and banned according to FIFA agreements.
From 1922 to 1926, new and more severe rules were approved for keeping the "amateur" status real and effective, such as footballers' residence and transfer controls but the best players were secretly paid and moved from other provinces illegally. Foreigners had to live in the country in order to get a residence visa and the players' card. When, in 1926, the Italian Federation Board resigned following a very difficult referees' strike, the fascist Lando Ferretti, president of the Italian Olympic Committee (C.O.N.I.), nominated a Commission to reform all Leagues and federal rules. The Commission signed a document called the "Carta di Viareggio" (Rules issued in Viareggio) where football players were recognized as "non-amateurs" and able to apply for refunds for the money they had lost while playing for the football teams. They had to sign the declaration not being professional players so that FIFA rules were respected because for FIGC they were appearing as "amateurs" receiving just refunds. It was the beginning of the professionalism in Italy. The Carta di Viareggio reduced the number of foreign players to be fielded to just one per match so that the majority of Hungarians remained jobless and got back to their country.
Commissioner Bruno Zauli led the FIGC renovation process (1959), with the establishment of three Leagues (Professional, Semi-professional, Amateur) and the creation of the Technical and the Youth Sectors.
Between 1964 and 1980, foreign players were banned from the Italian league, primarily to revive the national team.
The FIGC was placed in administration in May 2006 as a result of the 2006 Italian football scandal and was put under the management of Guido Rossi.
In May 2006, Rossi was chosen and accepted the role of President of Telecom Italia. This appointment caused angry reactions from club presidents in Italy.
On September 19, Rossi resigned his position as Commissioner of FIGC. On September 21, Luca Pancalli, head of the Italian Paralympic Committee, was chosen to replace Rossi.
On April 2, 2007, a new President was elected, with former Vice-President Giancarlo Abete being voted by 264 grand electors out of 271.
Following the 2014 FIFA World Cup Abete resigned and Carlo Tavecchio was elected President of the Federation and Michele Uva as general manager. The new governance began many reforms on the main aspects of Italian football, particularly through the use of young players trained in Italy, on the economic sustainability - financial professional clubs; start the reorganization of the operating structure of the FIGC. In support of the activity and with a view of maximum transparency, the FIGC public a series of documents: Football Report, Integrated Budget (evolution of the Social Report), Management Report, Income Statement of Italian football.
List of presidents
- World Cup: 4 times (1934, 1938, 1982, 2006)
- European Football Championship: once (1968)
- Olympics: once (1936)
- Central European International Cup: twice (1927–30, 1933–35)
- "History FIGC". figc.it/en. Archived from the original on February 4, 2017.
- "Rossi set to leave FIGC". channel4.com. Archived from the original on October 12, 2004. Retrieved 18 September 2006.
- "Rossi resignation accepted". channel4.com. Archived from the original on November 23, 2001. Retrieved 19 September 2006.
- "Pancalli lands FIGC post". channel4.com. Archived from the original on September 23, 2008. Retrieved 21 September 2006.
- "Transparency FIGC". figc.it/en. Archived from the original on February 4, 2017.
- "Presidents' List". FIGC.it. Retrieved 10 February 2017.