Lennox Passage Provincial Park

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Lennox Passage Provincial Park
Lennox Passage Provincial Park and Grandique Point Lighthouse 02.jpg
Lennox Passage Provincial Park and Grandique Point Lighthouse
Lennox Passage Provincial Park is located in Nova Scotia
Lennox Passage Provincial Park
Lennox Passage Provincial Park is located in Canada
Lennox Passage Provincial Park
TypeProvincial Park
Location2313 Hwy 320, Isle Madame, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada
Nearest cityLennox, Nova Scotia
Coordinates45°35′33″N 61°01′18″W / 45.59250°N 61.02167°W / 45.59250; -61.02167Coordinates: 45°35′33″N 61°01′18″W / 45.59250°N 61.02167°W / 45.59250; -61.02167[1]
Area37.11 hectares (91.7 acres)
CreatedMarch 12, 1985[2]
Operated byNova Scotia Provincial Parks, a branch of the Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources
OpenMay 18 to Oct 8, closes each day one hour after sunset.[3]
StatusDesignated, Operational
WebsiteLennox Passage Provincial Park

Lennox Passage Provincial Park[1] is a small picnic and beach park on the shores of Lennox Passage (waterway) on the North Shore of Isle Madame on Cape Breton Island with 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) of shoreline, an operating lighthouse and site of a former post office (c.1910), ferry terminal and two limestone quarries. Visitors can picnic at tables scattered through a forest and open areas, enjoy the 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) of trails, or explore the working lighthouse. In summer the park offers swimming, kayaking, and biking opportunities. There are snowshoeing and cross-country skiing opportunities in the winter, however parking is available at the gate only in the off season. Located on Hwy 320, 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) east of the junction of Routes 320 and 206.[4][5]

Lennox Passage Provincial Park was established by Order in Council (OIC 85-227) on March 12, 1985.[2]

Grandique Point Lighthouse[edit]

Located in the park is the historic Grandique Point Lighthouse.

Grandique Point Lighthouse

History[edit]

The first Grandique Point Light, also known as Grandique Ferry Light, a pole light, was established at Grandique in 1884. After the opening of the St. Peters Canal, Lennox Passage saw an increase in marine traffic. For safety reasons, lighthouses were established along the route. The first lightkeeper was Daniel Clough, son of the merchant Nathaniel Cough, a recipient of one of the first Crown Land grants on Isle Madame. In the late 1800s the lighthouse was flanked by docks for limestone and plaster quarries and quays for the Isle Madame farmers to bring their produce and livestock to market. There was also a passenger ferry that landed on Grandique Pointe quite near the lighthouse. Many of these features can still be seen today.

Due to erosion at the Grandique spit of land, the pole light was moved in 1900 and in 1906 a proper lighthouse was built. Storm damage caused the Grandique Point lighthouse to be moved for a second time. In the winter of 2010, the lighthouse was moved to its present location.

The last lightkeeper at Grandique was Stanley Forgeron who took over in 1960. In 1961 Forgeron oversaw the conversion to an automated light in 1961 and became caretaker.

Lightkeepers at Grandique Point[edit]

Lennox Passage Provincial Park and the historic Grandique Point Lighthouse
  • Daniel Clough 1884-1908
  • D A Kaulbach 1908-1909
  • C A Kaulbach 1909-1919
  • Charles Shannon 1909-1923
  • John Doiron
  • Henry Young
  • Melvin Shannon 1939-1960
  • Stanley Forgeron 1960-1961
  • Stanley Forgeron (as caretaker) 1961-1968[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographical Names of Canada - Lennox Passage Provincial Park". Government of Canada. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Lennox Passage Provincial Park Designation made under Section 8 of the Provincial Parks Act O.I.C. 85-227 (March 12, 1985), N.S. Reg. 53/85". Government of Nova Scotia. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  3. ^ "Nova Scotia Parks Guide 2018" (PDF). Government of Nova Scotia, Department of Natural Resources. p. 35. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  4. ^ "Nova Scotia Provincial Parks - Lennox Passage". Government of Nova Scotia, Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  5. ^ "Lennox Passage Provincial Park". Government of Nova Scotia, Tourism Nova Scotia. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  6. ^ "Isle Madame Lights - Grandique". Isle Madame Lighthouse Preservation Society. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  7. ^ "Grandique Point Lighthouse". The Nova Scotia Lighthouse Preservation Society. Retrieved 11 June 2018.

External links[edit]