Transient lingual papillitis
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Transient lingual papillitis (also termed fungiform papillary glossitis, eruptive lingual papillitis, or colloquially, lie bumps), are painful, hypertrophic, red and white papillae on the tongue.
The name "lie bumps" is a result of a myth that telling lies would cause them. However, very little has been written about this condition in scientific articles or textbooks and scientific studies have failed to produce a definite cause. Possible causes include: "stress, gastrointestinal upset, menstruation, acidic or sour food, smoking, and local trauma" (direct physical irritation) of the tongue. Lie bumps are often caused by the taste bud/buds splitting.
These bumps are small, white bumps on the base of the tongue. They are likely to be the result of transient lingual papillitis (TLP). This condition is limited to the upper (dorsal) surface of the tongue, affecting some of the tiny bumps on the tongue known as the fungiform papillae, what we commonly call the "taste buds."
TLP is a harmless problem. These bumps can become notably red or white and are quite tender for up to several days. While the cause of TLP is not known with certainty, most experts[who?] feel that local accidental trauma (rubbing, scraping or biting) is a major factor; however, contact reactions to things like certain foods have also been suggested. Lie bumps are not contagious and the discomfort is relatively minor. Typically these lesions heal within a few days with no treatment, though a doctor may refer a patient to an oral pathologist in prolonged cases.
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There are no specific treatments for this problem, other than using ice or numbing medicines to ease the pain.
- Marks, R.; Scarff, C.E.; Yap, L.M.; Verlinden, V.; Jolley, D.; Campbell, J. (October 2005). "Fungiform papillary glossitis: atopic disease in the mouth?". British Journal of Dermatology. British Association of Dermatologists. 153 (100,000,000,000): 740–745. PMID 16181454. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2133.2005.06577.x. Retrieved 2007-10-30.
- Roux, O.; Lacour, J.P.; Paediatricians of the Region Var-Cote D'Azur (February 2004). "Eruptive lingual papillitis with household transmission: a prospective clinical study". British Journal of Dermatology. British Association of Dermatologists. 150 (2): 299–303. PMID 14996101. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2133.2004.05703.x. Retrieved 2007-10-30.