|An anatomical diagram of the condyloid process.|
Condylar resorption, also called idiopathic condylar resorption, ICR, and condylysis, is a temporomandibular joint disorder in which one or both of the mandibular condyles are broken down in a bone resorption process. This disorder is nine times more likely to be present in females than males, and is more common among teenagers.
Symptoms that may be associated with condylar resorption include:
- Anterior open bite
- Receding chin
- Clicking or popping when opening or closing the jaw
- Pain when opening or closing the jaw
- Limited jaw mobility
The cause of condylar resorption is unknown, but there are theories. Because condylar resorption is much more likely to occur in young females, hormonal mediation may be involved. Strain on the temporomandibular joint from orthodontics or orthognathic surgery may be related to the condition. Reactive arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and psoriatic arthritis are other possible causes.
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Treatment of condylar resorption is controversial. Orthognathic surgery may be done to reconstruct and stabilize the condyles and disc of the temporomandibular joint. Anti-infammatory medication is also used to slow the resorption process. Orthodontics may be used to treat the occlusion. Arthrocentesis, and arthroscopic surgery are also sometimes used to treat disc displacement and other symptoms.
- Wolford, L. M. (2001). "Idiopathic condylar resorption of the temporomandibular joint in teenage girls (cheerleaders syndrome)". Proceedings (Baylor University. Medical Center). 14 (3): 246–252. PMC 1305829. PMID 16369629.
- Fonseca, Raymond J., Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery: Temporomandibular disorders, Elsevier Health Sciences, 2000, ISBN 0-7216-9635-X, ISBN 9780721696355