5th Legislative Council of Hong Kong

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5th Legislative Council of Hong Kong
4th Legislative Council 6th Legislative Council
LEGCO Complex 2011 Council Block02.JPG
Overview
Jurisdiction Hong Kong
Meeting place Legislative Council Complex
Term 1 October 2012 – 30 September 2016
Website legco.gov.hk/
Members 70 members
President Tsang Yok-sing (DAB)
Party control Pro-Beijing camp

The Fifth Legislative Council of Hong Kong is the former meeting of the legislative branch of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government. The membership of the LegCo is based on the 2012 election. The term of the session is from 1 October 2012 to 30 September 2016, during the term in office of the Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying. Due to the new arrangements agreed in a contentious LegCo vote in 2010, the session consists of the new total of 70 seats in LegCo, ten more than previously, with 35 members elected in geographical constituencies through direct elections, and 35 members in functional constituencies, in which five District Council (Second) functional constituency seats each represent all 18 District Councils of Hong Kong voted for by all resident voters in Hong Kong (who did not have a vote in any other functional constituency).[1][2] The Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong remained the largest party while the pan-democrats secured the one-third crucial minority. Notable new members of the LegCo members include Gary Fan from the new established party Neo Democrats and first openly gay councillor, People Power's Ray Chan Chi-chuen.[3]

Major events[edit]

2012–13[edit]

  • 8 November 2012: Motion on "Equal rights for people of different sexual orientations", moved by Cyd Ho, was negatived.[4]
  • 13 December 2012: Motion on "Vote of no confidence in the Chief Executive", moved by the Democratic Party's Wu Chi-wai, in response to the illegal structures scandal of Leung Chun-ying's residences was voted down by the Pro-Beijing camp.[5]
  • 16 January 2013: Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying presented his first policy address to the Council.[6]
  • 27 February 2013: The 2013–14 Budget Speech was delivered by the Financial Secretary, Mr John C Tsang, in the Legislative Council.[7]
  • 24 April – 21 May 2013 : Five radical pan-democrats People Power and League of Social Democrats started filibustering by moving a total of 710 amendments on the Budget Appropriation Bill debate, to press for a universal pension scheme and a HK$10,000 cash handout.[8] The government warned that the service would shut down if the budget bill do not pass. President of the Legislative Council Jasper Tsang ordered to end the filibuster on 13 May after 55 hours spent to debate 17 of the 148 amendments.[9] The Appropriation Bill was passed on 21 May 2013 with 684 amendments negatived.[10]

2013–14[edit]

Protests against the HKSAR government's decision to refuse a free-to-air broadcast licence to Hong Kong Television.

2015–16[edit]

  • 11 March 2016: The HK$19.6 billion extra funds for controversial Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link (XRL) project was passed by the Financial Committee in a sudden vote despite fierce protests and filibustering from the pan-democratic legislators. The pan-democrats questioned the procedure set by the acting chairman Chan Kam-lam who only approved 36 of the 19 pan-democratic legislators' 1,262 motions.[15]

Major legislation[edit]

Enacted[edit]

  • 17 April 2013: Import and Export (General) (Amendment) Regulation 2013
  • 21 May 2013: Appropriation Bill 2013
  • 22 May 2013: District Council (Amendment) Bill 2013

Proposed[edit]

  • 18 June 2015: Motion Conerning the Amendment to the Method for the Selection of the Chief Executive of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
  • 4 March 2016: Copyright (Amendment) Bill 2014

2015 Hong Kong electoral reform[edit]

Pro-Beijing legislators walked out right before the historic vote.

On 18 June 2015, right before the vote, pro-Beijing legislator Jeffrey Lam Kin-fung led a walk-out of members of the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (DAB), the Business and Professionals Alliance for Hong Kong (BPA), most members of the Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions (FTU) and other pro-Beijing legislators, leaving five Liberal Party legislators, Chan Yuen-han of the FTU and two other pro-Beijing independents remained in the chamber. The government's reform proposal failed as 8 legislators voted in favour and 28 votes against.[16] All 27 pan democrats who had vowed to vote down the reform did so, as did one pro-Beijing legislator Leung Ka-lau representing the Medical constituency. Lam explained that the walk-out was an impromptu attempt to delay the division after the chairman denied his request for a 15-minute recess so that his party member Lau Wong-fat, who was delayed, could cast his vote in favour of the Beijing-backed reforms.[17] However, enough legislators remained in the chamber that quorum was met and the proposal was voted down while most of the pro-Beijing legislators were outside. Nine pro-Beijing legislators, including five Liberal Party members, stayed behind out of confusion, and only eight of them voted in favour of the package, giving the rest of the world the false impression there was no support for the blueprint.[18]

Composition[edit]

Affiliation Election At dissolution
Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong 13 13
Business and Professionals Alliance for Hong Kong 0 7
Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions 6 6
Liberal Party 5 5
New People's Party 2 2
Federation of Hong Kong and Kowloon Labour Unions 1 1
New Century Forum 1 1
Economic Synergy 3 0
Professional Forum 2 0
Independent 10 8
Total for Pro-Beijing camp 43 43
Civic Party 6 6
Democratic Party 6 6
Labour Party 4 4
People Power 3 2
Professional Commons 2 2
League of Social Democrats 1 1
Neighbourhood and Worker's Service Centre 1 1
Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood 1 1
Neo Democrats 1 1
Independent 2 3
Total for Pan-democracy camp 27 27
Total 70 70

Note: Italic represents organisations that still function but become under another affiliation.

Graphical representation of the Legislative Council[edit]

5th Legislative Council of Hong Kong seat composition.svg

Current Legislative Council of Hong Kong seat composition by party.

Leadership[edit]

Office Party Officer Constituency Since
President DAB Tsang Yok-sing.jpg Jasper Tsang Yok-sing Hong Kong Island 2008

List of members[edit]

The following table is a list of LegCo members elected on 9 September 2012 in the order of precedence.

Members who did not serve throughout the term are italicised. New members elected since the general election are noted at the bottom of the page.

Key to changes since legislative election:

a = change in party allegiance
b = by-election
GC/FC Constituency Elected Members Elected Party First Assumed Office Born In
GC Hong Kong Island Tsang, Yok-singTsang Yok-sing DAB 1996 1947
FC District Council (Second) Ho, AlbertAlbert Ho Democratic 1995 1951
GC New Territories West Lee, Cheuk-yanLee Cheuk-yan Labour/CTU 1995 1957
FC District Council (Second) To, JamesJames To Democratic 1991 1963
GC Kowloon East Chan, Kam-lamChan Kam-lam DAB 1995 1949
GC New Territories West Leung, Yiu-chungLeung Yiu-chung NWSC 1995 1953
FC Heung Yee Kuk Lau, Wong-fatLau Wong-fat Economic Synergya 1985 1936
GC New Territories East Lau, EmilyEmily Lau Democratic 1991 1952
GC New Territories West Tam, Yiu-chungTam Yiu-chung DAB 1985 1949
FC Real Estate and Construction Shek, AbrahamAbraham Shek Professional Foruma 2000 1945
FC Catering Cheung, TommyTommy Cheung Liberal 2000 1949
FC District Council (Second) Fung, FrederickFrederick Fung ADPL 1991 1953
FC Wholesale and Retail Fang, VincentVincent Fang Liberal 2004 1943
GC Hong Kong Island Wong, Kwok-hingWong Kwok-hing FTU 2004 1949
FC Health Services Lee, JosephJoseph Lee Independent 2004 1959
FC Commercial (First) Lam, JeffreyJeffrey Lam Economic Synergya 2004 1952
FC Industrial (First) Leung, AndrewAndrew Leung Economic Synergya 2004 1951
FC Import and Export Wong, Ting-kwongWong Ting-kwong DAB 2004 1949
GC New Territories East Tong, RonnyRonny Tong Civica 2004 1952
GC Hong Kong Island Ho, CydCyd Ho Labour/Civic Act-up 1998 1954
FC District Council (Second) Lee, StarryStarry Lee DAB 2008 1974
FC Industrial (Second) Lam, Tai-faiLam Tai-fai Independent 2008 1959
GC New Territories East Chan, Hak-kanChan Hak-kan DAB 2008 1976
FC Insurance Chan, Kin-porChan Kin-por Independent 2008 1954
GC Kowloon West Leung, PriscillaPriscilla Leung Professional Forum (KWND)a 2008 1961
FC Medical Leung, Ka-lauLeung Ka-lau Independent 2008 1962
FC Social Welfare Cheung, Kwok-cheCheung Kwok-che Labour/SWGU 2008 1951
GC Kowloon East Wong, Kwok-kinWong Kwok-kin FTU 2008 1952
FC District Council (First) Ip, Kwok-himIp Kwok-him DAB 1996 1951
GC Hong Kong Island Ip, ReginaRegina Ip NPP 2008 1950
GC Kowloon East Tse, PaulPaul Tse Independent 2008 1959
GC Kowloon East Leong, AlanAlan Leong Civic 2004 1958
GC New Territories East Leung, Kwok-hungLeung Kwok-hung LSD 2004 1956
GC New Territories West Chan, AlbertAlbert Chan People Power 1991 1955
GC Kowloon West Wong, Yuk-manWong Yuk-man People Powera 2008 1951
GC Kowloon West Mo, ClaudiaClaudia Mo Civic 2012 1957
GC New Territories West Tien, MichaelMichael Tien NPP 2012 1950
GC New Territories East Tien, JamesJames Tien Liberal 1988 1947
FC Finance Ng, Leung-singNg Leung-sing Independent 1996 1949
FC Agriculture and Fisheries Ho, StevenSteven Ho DAB 2012 1979
FC Transport Yick, FrankieFrankie Yick Liberal 2012 1954
GC Kowloon East Wu, Chi-waiWu Chi-wai Democratic 2012 1962
FC Tourism Yiu, Si-wingYiu Si-wing Independent 2012 1952
GC New Territories East Fan, GaryGary Fan Neo Democrats 2012 1966
FC Sports, Performing Arts, Culture and Publication Ma, Fung-kwokMa Fung-kwok New Forum 1996 1955
FC Information Technology Mok, Charles PeterCharles Peter Mok Prof Commons 2012 1964
GC New Territories East Chan, Chi-chuenChan Chi-chuen People Power/Frontier 2012 1972
GC New Territories West Chan, Han-panChan Han-pan DAB/NTAS 2012 1975
GC Hong Kong Island Chan, KennethKenneth Chan Civic 2012 1968
FC District Council (Second) Chan, Yuen-hanChan Yuen-han FTU 1995 1946
GC New Territories West Leung, Che-cheungLeung Che-cheung DAB 2012 1957
FC Accountancy Leung, KennethKenneth Leung Prof Commons 2012 1962
GC New Territories West Mak, AliceAlice Mak FTU 2012 1971
GC New Territories West Kwok, Ka-kiKwok Ka-ki Civic 2004 1961
FC Labour Kwok, Wai-keungKwok Wai-keung FTU 2012 1978
FC Legal Kwok, DennisDennis Kwok Civic (Prof Commons) 2012 1978
FC Financial Services Cheung, ChristopherChristopher Cheung Independenta 2012 1953
GC New Territories East Cheung, FernandoFernando Cheung Labour 2004 1957
GC Hong Kong Island Sin, Chung-kaiSin Chung-kai Democratic 1995 1960
GC Kowloon West Wong, HelenaHelena Wong Democratic 2012 1959
FC Education Ip, Kin-yuenIp Kin-yuen Independent (PTU) 2012 1962
GC New Territories East Quat, ElizabethElizabeth Quat DAB 2012 1967
FC Commercial (Second) Liao, MartinMartin Liao Independent 2012 1957
FC Labour Poon, Siu-pingPoon Siu-ping FLU 2012 1957
FC Labour Tang, Ka-piuTang Ka-piu FTU 2012 1979
GC Kowloon West Chiang, Lai-wanChiang Lai-wan DAB 2012 1955
FC Engineering Lo, Wai-kwokLo Wai-kwok Independenta 2012 1953
FC Textiles and Garment Chung, Kwok-panChung Kwok-pan Liberal 2012 1963
GC Hong Kong Island Chung, ChristopherChristopher Chung DAB 2012 1957
FC Architectural, Surveying and Planning Tse, TonyTony Tse Independent 2012 1954

By-election[edit]

Other changes[edit]

2012[edit]

2013[edit]

2015[edit]

Committees[edit]

Panels[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maximiliano Herrera. "Electoral Calendar- world elections,US elections,presidential election,world parties". Mherrera.org. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  2. ^ "Hong Kong votes in key legislative elections". Al Jazeera. 9 September 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2012. 
  3. ^ "Hong Kong legislator hailed for coming out as gay". South China Morning Post. 12 September 2012. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  4. ^ LegCo Reporter Council Meeting 2012–2013 Issue No. 6 (8 November 2012)
  5. ^ LegCo Reporter Council Meeting 2012–2013 Issue No. 12 (13 December 2012)
  6. ^ LegCo Reporter Council Meeting 2012–2013 Issue No. 15 (16 January 2013)
  7. ^ "Budget Speech by the Financial Secretary". Hong Kong Government. 27 February 2013. Retrieved 24 April 2013. 
  8. ^ "Filibustering continues over budget". RTHK. 29 April 2013. Retrieved 30 April 2013. 
  9. ^ Lai, Ying-kit (13 May 2013). "Legco president Jasper Tsang orders end to budget bill filibuster". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  10. ^ LegCo Reporter Council Meeting 2012–2013 Issue No. 28 (21 May 2013)
  11. ^ The LegCo Reporter – Council Meetings 2013–2014 – Issue No. 1 (11 October 2013)
  12. ^ LegCo Reporter Council Meeting 2013–2014 Issue No. 2 (17 October 2013)
  13. ^ LegCo Reporter Council Meeting 2013–2014 Issue No. 6 (8 November 2013)
  14. ^ The LegCo Reporter Council Meetings 2013–2014 Issue No. 20 (21 March 2014)
  15. ^ Cheng, Kris (11 March 2016). "Chaotic scenes at LegCo as additional funds for Express Rail Link approved in sudden vote". Hong Kong Free Press. 
  16. ^ Lam, Hang-chi (18 June 2015). "And so, we stagger into an even more uncertain future". ejinsight. 
  17. ^ "Why Did Pro-Beijing Lawmakers Walk Out of the Hong Kong Vote?". The Wall Street Journal. 18 June 2015. 
  18. ^ Cheung, Tony; Lai, Ying-kit; Lam, Jeffie (20 June 2015). "Bickering escalates in pro-Beijing camp over bungled Legco vote on Hong Kong political reform". South China Morning Post. 
  19. ^ "2016 Legislative Council Geographical Constituency New Territories By-election – Election Result". Electoral Affairs Commission. 29 February 2016. 
  20. ^ But, Joshua (20 May 2013). "Lawmaker Wong Yuk-man quits People Power". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 20 May 2013. 
  21. ^ Cheung, Gary; Lam, Jeffie; Ng, Kang-chung (22 June 2015). "Tearful Ronny Tong quits as legislator hours after resigning from Civic Party amid rift in Hong Kong's pan-democratic camp". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 22 June 2015.