6th Legislative Council of Hong Kong
|6th Legislative Council of Hong Kong|
|Meeting place||Legislative Council Complex|
|Term||1 October 2016 – 30 September 2020|
|President||Andrew Leung (BPA)|
|Party control||Pro-Beijing camp|
The Sixth Legislative Council of Hong Kong is the current meeting of the legislative branch of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government. The term of the session is from 1 October 2016 to 30 September 2020. The session consists of the new total of 70 seats in LegCo, with 35 members elected in geographical constituencies through geographical constituency direct elections, and 35 members in functional constituencies. The membership is based on the 2016 Legislative Council election.
The pro-Beijing camp remained the majority of the legislature with the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong as the largest party. The anti-establishment camp, including the traditional pan-democrats and newly emerging localists secured the majority in the geographical constituencies and the one-third crucial minority which allowed them veto any government's proposal on constitutional reform. Notable new members include the post-Occupy activists, Demosisto's Nathan Law, 23, being the youngest member to be elected and Youngspiration's Yau Wai-ching, 25, being the youngest woman to be elected. Other new members include Eddie Chu, Lau Siu-lai, Baggio Leung, Eunice Yung and Junius Ho.
An unprecedented oath-taking controversy broke out at the inauguration of the council. The Leung Chun-ying authorities asked the court to disqualify Baggio Leung and Yau Wai-ching after they inserted their own words into the oaths of office and mispronounced "China". The National People's Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) controversially interpreted Article 104 of Hong Kong Basic Law, effectively adding retrospective regulations of the format of oath-taking of public offices in Hong Kong. After two Younspiration members were disqualified by the court, Leung's authorities pressed charges against Leung Kwok-hung, Nathan Law, Lau Siu-lai and Yiu Chung-yim, and the four pro-democracy members were disqualified as a result. This brought a historical low of pan-democrats' seats of the council, losing control of the geographical constituencies.
- 1 Major events
- 2 Major legislation
- 3 Composition
- 4 Graphical representation of the Legislative Council
- 5 Leadership
- 6 List of members
- 7 Supplementary members
- 8 By-elections
- 9 Other changes
- 10 Committees
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 12 October 2016: In the first meeting of the session, all members took their oaths while three members, Youngspiration's Baggio Leung and Yau Wai-ching and pan-democrat Edward Yiu who inserted their own words into the official script had their oaths rejected by the Legislative Council Secretariat, but 11 others add their own wording and face no repercussions. Leung and Yau were criticised for pronouncing China as "Chee-na", the derogatory pronunciation used during the Second Sino-Japanese War and mispronouncing "People’s Republic of China" as "people’s re-fucking of Chee-na". After the oaths, the second most senior member Leung Yiu-chung of the Neighbourhood and Worker's Service Centre chaired the election of the President of the Legislative Council. To protest the Legislative Council secretariat's decision to disallow the three members to enter the chamber, Leung gave up the role amid calls from his colleagues to postpone the election due to the dispute over the British nationality of the pro-Beijing nominee Andrew Leung of the Business and Professionals Alliance for Hong Kong (BPA). Instead, Abraham Shek of the BPA who replaced Leung Yiu-chung pushed the election ahead. The pan-democrats and localists tore up their ballot papers and exited the meeting room before the vote. As a result, Andrew Leung received 38 votes against pro-democrat nominee James To's zero with three blank ballots.
- 19 October 2016: In the second meeting of the session when five members retook their oaths, the pro-Beijing camp staged a walkout to force the meeting to be adjourned for the first time in the session to protest the two Youngspiration legislators refusal to apologise for their "insulting" oaths last week before Yau and Leung, as well as Lau Siu-lai were to retake their oaths.
- 26 October 2016: In the third general meeting, Legislative Council President Andrew Leung adjourned the meeting after the three members, two Youngspiration legislators he disallowed from joining the meeting as he decided to delay their oath-retaking but were escorted by the pan-democracy legislators into the chamber, and Civic Passion's Cheng Chung-tai who shouted at Leung for his decision, refused to leave the chamber.
- 6 May 2019: After a House Committee meeting with a pro-Beijing majority, voted to issue a set of guidelines to replace the most senior member James To of the Democratic Party with the third senior member Abraham Shek of the Business and Professionals Alliance for Hong Kong to preside the Bills Committee of the controversial Fugitive Offenders and Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Legislation (Amendment) Bill 2019 after To was accused of filibustering. To claimed that the move was illegitimate, adding that the secretariat had abused its power in issuing the circular without having any formal discussion. The pro-democrats insisted to go ahead with 6 May meeting as planned which was rescheduled by Shek with only 20 members present.
- 11 May 2019: A clash broke out as the pro-democracy and pro-Beijing camps called separate meetings of the Bills Committee of the controversial Fugitive Offenders and Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Legislation (Amendment) Bill 2019 at the same room. A number of legislators fell to the ground as they pushed and shoved each other along the packed hallway. Gary Fan fell to the ground after standing on a table, and appearing to have fainted before he was sent to hospital.
- 14 June 2018: Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link (Co-location) Bill
- National Anthem Bill
- Fugitive Offenders and Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Legislation (Amendment) Bill 2019
Up to 22 December 2018:
|Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong||12||13|
|Business and Professionals Alliance for Hong Kong||7||8|
|Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions||5||5|
|New People's Party||3||2|
|Federation of Hong Kong and Kowloon Labour Unions||1||1|
|New Century Forum||1||1|
|Total for pro-Beijing camp||40||43|
|League of Social Democrats||1||0|
|Neighbourhood and Worker's Service Centre||1||1|
|Hong Kong Professional Teachers' Union||1||1|
|Total for pro-democracy camp||26||24|
|Total for localist groups||3||1|
Graphical representation of the Legislative Council
Current Legislative Council of Hong Kong seat composition by party.
Civic Passion (1)
Non-aligned others (1)
HK First (1)
Neo Democrats (1)
People Power (1)
Pro-Beijing camp (43)
New Forum (1)
|President||BPA||Andrew Leung Kwan-yuen||Industrial (First)||12 October 2016|
|Secretary General||N/A||Kenneth Chen Wei-on||N/A||29 September 2012|
List of members
The following table is a list of LegCo members elected on 4 September 2016 in the order of precedence.
Members who did not serve throughout the term are italicised. New members elected since the general election are noted at the bottom of the page.
Key to changes since legislative election:
- a = change in party allegiance
- b = by-election
|Constituency||Portrait||Elected Members||Elected Party||Occupation||Education||First Assumed Office||Born In|
|GC||New Territories East||Gary Fan||Neo Democrats||Legislative Councillor/
|Academy of Art University
San Francisco State University
|GC||Hong Kong Island||Au Nok-hin||Independent||Legislative Councillor/
|Chinese University of Hong Kong||2018||1987|
|GC||Kowloon West||Vincent Cheng||DAB||Legislative Councillor/
|University of Auckland||2018||1979|
|FC||Architectural, Surveying, Planning and Landscape||Tony Tse||Independent||Surveyor||Hong Kong Polytechnic||2012||1954|
|GC||Kowloon West||Chan Hoi-yan||Independent||Legislative Councillor||Hong Kong Baptist University||2018||1977|
- 11 March 2018, by-election for Hong Kong Island, Kowloon West, New Territories East and Architectural, Surveying, Planning and Landscape. Au Nok-hin (Independent democrat), Vincent Cheng (DAB), Gary Fan (Neo Democrats), and Tony Tse (pro-Beijing independent) were the winners in the respective constituencies.
- 25 November 2018 by-election for Kowloon West. Chan Hoi-yan (nonpartisan, supported by the pro-Beijing camp) was elected to replace independent democrat Lau Siu-lai after she was disqualified in the oath-taking controversy.
- Claudia Mo (Kowloon West) announced her resignation from the Civic Party and served under the label of "HK First" on 14 November.
- Michael Tien (New Territories West) announced his resignation from the New People's Party on 10 April and formed his own political group Roundtable.
- Jimmy Ng (Industrial (Second)) joined the Business and Professionals Alliance for Hong Kong (BPA).
- House Committee— Chair: Starry Lee
- Parliamentary Liaison Subcommittee— Chair: Ip Kin-yuen
- Finance Committee— Chair: Chan Kin-por
- Public Accounts Committee— Chair: Abraham Shek
- Committee on Members' Interests— Chair: Yiu Si-wing
- Committee on Rules of Procedure— Chair: Paul Tse
- Panel on Administration of Justice and Legal Services— Chair: Priscilla Leung
- Panel on Commerce and Industry— Chair: Wu Chi-wai (2016–18), Yiu Si-wing (2018–19)
- Panel on Constitutional Affairs— Chair: Martin Liao (2016–18), Cheung Kwok-kwan (2018–19)
- Panel on Development— Chair: Tommy Cheung (2016–18), Leung Che-cheung (2018–19)
- Panel on Economic Development— Chair: Jeffrey Lam (2016–18), Chung Kwok-pan (2018–19)
- Panel on Education— Chair: Ann Chiang (2016–18), Ip Kin-yuen (2018–19)
- Panel on Environmental Affairs— Chair: Tanya Chan (2016–18), Junius Ho (2018–19)
- Panel on Financial Affairs— Chair: Christopher Cheung (2016–17; 2018–19), Kenneth Leung (2017–18)
- Panel on Food Safety and Environmental Hygiene— Chair: Helena Wong (2016–17), Steven Ho (2017–18), Kwok Ka-ki (2018–19)
- Panel on Health Services— Chair: Joseph Lee (2016–18), Pierre Chan (2018–19)
- Panel on Home Affairs— Chair: Ma Fung-kwok (2016–18), Kwok Wai-keung (2018–19)
- Panel on Housing— Chair: Alice Mak (2016–18), Wilson Or (2018–19)
- Panel on Information Technology and Broadcasting— Chair: Elizabeth Quat (2016–17; 2018–19), Charles Mok (2017–18)
- Panel on Manpower— Chair: Leung Yiu-chung (2016–17), Kwok Wai-keung (2017–18), Fernando Cheung (2016–18)
- Panel on Public Service— Chair: Kwok Wai-keung (2016–17), Poon Siu-ping (2017–18), Gary Fan (2018–19)
- Panel on Security— Chair: Chan Hak-kan
- Panel on Transport— Chair: Chan Han-pan (2016–17; 2018–19), Frankie Yick (2017–18)
- Panel on Welfare Services— Chair: Shiu Ka-chun (2016–18), Kwong Chun-yu (2018–19)
- 2016 Hong Kong legislative election
- 2018 Hong Kong by-election
- Hong Kong LegCo members' oath-taking controversy
- "Andrew Leung becomes president of Hong Kong Legco after dispute over British nationality". South China Morning Post. 12 October 2016.
- "19 minutes of chaos: Legco president calls pro-establishment camp walkout 'unfortunate', plans new oaths for localists". South China Morning Post. 19 October 2016.
- "Democrats decry 'coup' as pro-Beijing lawmaker seeks to take over vetting of China extradition bill". Hong Kong Free Press. 6 May 2019.
- "Hong Kong government condemns 'disorderly and uncontrollable conditions' after Legco chaos halts meeting of committee reviewing extradition bill". South China Morning Post. 11 May 2019.
- "Hong Kong lawmaker Claudia Mo resigns from Civic Party citing 'differences' over localism and other issues". South China Morning Post. 14 November 2016.
- "【新民黨分裂】直播田北辰宣佈退黨：因了解而分開". Apple Daily. 14 November 2016.
- "政Whats噏：吳永嘉入工商界政黨 一餐飯決定". on.cc. 2018-12-22.