6th Legislative Council of Hong Kong

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6th Legislative Council of Hong Kong
5th Legislative Council
LEGCO Complex 2011 Council Block02.JPG
Overview
JurisdictionHong Kong
Meeting placeLegislative Council Complex
Term1 October 2016 – 30 September 2020
Websitelegco.gov.hk/
Members70 members
PresidentAndrew Leung (BPA)
Party controlPro-Beijing camp

The Sixth Legislative Council of Hong Kong is the current meeting of the legislative branch of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government. The term of the session is from 1 October 2016 to 30 September 2020. The session consists of the new total of 70 seats in LegCo, with 35 members elected in geographical constituencies through geographical constituency direct elections, and 35 members in functional constituencies. The membership is based on the 2016 Legislative Council election.

The pro-Beijing camp remained the majority of the legislature with the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong as the largest party. The anti-establishment camp, including the traditional pan-democrats and newly emerging localists secured the majority in the geographical constituencies and the one-third crucial minority which allowed them veto any government's proposal on constitutional reform. Notable new members include the post-Occupy activists, Demosisto's Nathan Law, 23, being the youngest member to be elected and Youngspiration's Yau Wai-ching, 25, being the youngest woman to be elected. Other new members include Eddie Chu, Lau Siu-lai, Baggio Leung, Eunice Yung and Junius Ho.

An unprecedented oath-taking controversy broke out at the inauguration of the council. The Leung Chun-ying authorities asked the court to disqualify Baggio Leung and Yau Wai-ching after they inserted their own words into the oaths of office and mispronounced "China". The National People's Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) controversially interpreted Article 104 of Hong Kong Basic Law, effectively adding retrospective regulations of the format of oath-taking of public offices in Hong Kong. After two Younspiration members were disqualified by the court, Leung's authorities pressed charges against Leung Kwok-hung, Nathan Law, Lau Siu-lai and Yiu Chung-yim, and the four pro-democracy members were disqualified as a result. This brought a historical low of pan-democrats' seats of the council, losing control of the geographical constituencies.

Major events[edit]

2016–17[edit]

The pro-Beijing legislators staged a walkout on 19 October to force adjournment in order to block the Youngspiration legislators to retake the oaths.
  • 12 October 2016: In the first meeting of the session, all members took their oaths while three members, Youngspiration's Baggio Leung and Yau Wai-ching and pan-democrat Edward Yiu who inserted their own words into the official script had their oaths rejected by the Legislative Council Secretariat, but 11 others add their own wording and face no repercussions. Leung and Yau were criticised for pronouncing China as "Chee-na", the derogatory pronunciation used during the Second Sino-Japanese War and mispronouncing "People’s Republic of China" as "people’s re-fucking of Chee-na". After the oaths, the second most senior member Leung Yiu-chung of the Neighbourhood and Worker's Service Centre chaired the election of the President of the Legislative Council. To protest the Legislative Council secretariat's decision to disallow the three members to enter the chamber, Leung gave up the role amid calls from his colleagues to postpone the election due to the dispute over the British nationality of the pro-Beijing nominee Andrew Leung of the Business and Professionals Alliance for Hong Kong (BPA). Instead, Abraham Shek of the BPA who replaced Leung Yiu-chung pushed the election ahead. The pan-democrats and localists tore up their ballot papers and exited the meeting room before the vote. As a result, Andrew Leung received 38 votes against pro-democrat nominee James To's zero with three blank ballots.[1]
  • 19 October 2016: In the second meeting of the session when five members retook their oaths, the pro-Beijing camp staged a walkout to force the meeting to be adjourned for the first time in the session to protest the two Youngspiration legislators refusal to apologise for their "insulting" oaths last week before Yau and Leung, as well as Lau Siu-lai were to retake their oaths.[2]
  • 26 October 2016: In the third general meeting, Legislative Council President Andrew Leung adjourned the meeting after the three members, two Youngspiration legislators he disallowed from joining the meeting as he decided to delay their oath-retaking but were escorted by the pan-democracy legislators into the chamber, and Civic Passion's Cheng Chung-tai who shouted at Leung for his decision, refused to leave the chamber.

2018–19[edit]

Members of two rival camps pushed and shoved each other in the Bills Committee meeting on 11 May 2019.
  • 6 May 2019: After a House Committee meeting with a pro-Beijing majority, voted to issue a set of guidelines to replace the most senior member James To of the Democratic Party with the third senior member Abraham Shek of the Business and Professionals Alliance for Hong Kong to preside the Bills Committee of the controversial Fugitive Offenders and Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Legislation (Amendment) Bill 2019 after To was accused of filibustering. To claimed that the move was illegitimate, adding that the secretariat had abused its power in issuing the circular without having any formal discussion. The pro-democrats insisted to go ahead with 6 May meeting as planned which was rescheduled by Shek with only 20 members present.[3]
  • 11 May 2019: A clash broke out as the pro-democracy and pro-Beijing camps called separate meetings of the Bills Committee of the controversial Fugitive Offenders and Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Legislation (Amendment) Bill 2019 at the same room. A number of legislators fell to the ground as they pushed and shoved each other along the packed hallway. Gary Fan fell to the ground after standing on a table, and appearing to have fainted before he was sent to hospital.[4]

Major legislation[edit]

Enacted[edit]

  • 14 June 2018: Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link (Co-location) Bill

Proposed[edit]

Composition[edit]

Up to 22 December 2018:

Affiliation Election Current
Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong 12 13
Business and Professionals Alliance for Hong Kong 7 8
Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions 5 5
Liberal Party 4 4
New People's Party 3 2
Federation of Hong Kong and Kowloon Labour Unions 1 1
New Century Forum 1 1
Roundtable 0 1
Independent 7 8
Total for pro-Beijing camp 40 43
Democratic Party 7 7
Civic Party 6 5
Professional Commons 2 2
People Power 1 1
League of Social Democrats 1 0
Labour Party 1 1
Demosistō 1 0
Neighbourhood and Worker's Service Centre 1 1
Hong Kong Professional Teachers' Union 1 1
HK First 0 1
Neo Democrats 0 1
Independent 5 4
Total for pro-democracy camp 26 24
Civic Passion 1 1
Youngspiration 2 0
Total for localist groups 3 1
Non-aligned independent 1 1
Vacant 0 1
Total 70 69

Graphical representation of the Legislative Council[edit]

Legislative Council membership since 25 November 2018
Legislative Council division by caucus since 25 November 2018

Current Legislative Council of Hong Kong seat composition by party.

Leadership[edit]

Office Party Officer Constituency Since
President BPA Andrew Leung cut.jpg Andrew Leung Kwan-yuen Industrial (First) 12 October 2016
Secretary General N/A Kenneth Chen 2012.jpg Kenneth Chen Wei-on N/A 29 September 2012

List of members[edit]

The following table is a list of LegCo members elected on 4 September 2016 in the order of precedence.

Members who did not serve throughout the term are italicised. New members elected since the general election are noted at the bottom of the page.

Key to changes since legislative election:

a = change in party allegiance
b = by-election
GC/
FC
Constituency Portrait Elected Members Elected Party Occupation Education First Assumed Office Born In
FC Industrial (First) Andrew Leung cut.jpg Andrew Leung BPA Merchant Leeds University 2004 1951
FC District Council (Second) James To Kun-sun.jpg James To Democratic Solicitor University of Hong Kong 1991 1963
FC District Council (Second) Leung Yiu-chung 2017.jpg Leung Yiu-chung NWSC Legislative Councillor University of Essex 1995 1953
FC Real Estate and Construction Abraham Shek.jpg Abraham Shek BPA Company Director University of Sydney 2000 1945
FC Catering Tommy Cheung 2015.jpg Tommy Cheung Liberal Merchant/
Legislative Councillor
Pepperdine University 2000 1949
FC Health Services Joseph Lee Kok-long.jpg Joseph Lee Independent Dean and Professor La Trobe University
University of Edinburgh
Lingnan University
2004 1959
FC Commercial (First) Jeffrey Lam.jpg Jeffrey Lam BPA Merchant Tufts University 2004 1952
FC Import and Export Wong Ting Kwong.jpg Wong Ting-kwong DAB Merchant N/A 2004 1949
FC District Council (Second) Starry Lee Wai-king 2016.jpg Starry Lee DAB Accountant/
Legislative Councillor
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
University of Manchester
2008 1974
GC New Territories East Chan Hak-kan.png Chan Hak-kan DAB/NTAS Legislative Councillor Chinese University of Hong Kong 2008 1976
FC Insurance Chan Kin-por.png Chan Kin-por Independent Legislative Councillor Ng Wah College 2008 1954
GC Kowloon West Priscilla Leung.jpg Priscilla Leung BPA/KWND Associate Professor/
Barrister-at-law
Chinese University of Hong Kong
University of Hong Kong
Renmin University
2008 1961
GC Kowloon East KKwong (cropped).jpg Wong Kwok-kin FTU Legislative Councillor N/A 2008 1952
GC Hong Kong Island Regina Ip 2016.jpg Regina Ip NPP Chair of Savantas Policy Institute University of Hong Kong
University of Glasgow
Stanford University
2008 1950
GC Kowloon East Paul Tse in Feb 2019.png Paul Tse Independent Solicitor University of New South Wales
City University of Hong Kong
2008 1959
GC New Territories Eastb Leung Kwok-hung 2005.jpg Leung Kwok-hung LSD/AFA Legislative Councillor N/A 2004 1956
GC Kowloon West Claudia Mo 2013.jpg Claudia Mo Civica N/A Carleton University 2012 1957
GC New Territories West Michael Tien Puk Sun.jpg Michael Tien NPPa Legislative Councillor/
Entrepreneur
Cornell University
Harvard Business School
2012 1950
FC Agriculture and Fisheries Steven Ho Chun-yin.png Steven Ho DAB Legislative Councillor University of Birmingham 2012 1979
FC Transport Frankie Yick 2015.jpg Frankie Yick Liberal Company Director University of Hong Kong
University of Birmingham
2012 1954
GC Kowloon East Tsang announcement to run for hk ceo 8.jpg Wu Chi-wai Democratic Legislative Councillor/
District Councillor
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee 2012 1962
FC Tourism Yiu Si-wing.png Yiu Si-wing Independent Deputy chair of China Travel Service N/A 2012 1952
FC Sports, Performing Arts, Culture and Publication Ma Fung-kwok.png Ma Fung-kwok New Forum Managing Director Hong Kong Polytechnic 1996 1955
FC Information Technology Charles Peter Mok.jpg Charles Mok Prof Commons Legislative Councillor Purdue University 2012 1964
GC New Territories East Chan Chi-chuen.jpg Chan Chi-chuen People Power Legislative Councillor Chinese University of Hong Kong 2012 1972
GC New Territories West Ben Chan 2015.jpg Chan Han-pan DAB/NTAS Legislative Councillor/
District Councillor
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology 2012 1975
GC New Territories West Leung Che-cheung in 2019.png Leung Che-cheung DAB/NTAS Legislative Councillor/
District Councillor
N/A 2012 1957
FC Accountancy 會計界立法會議員梁繼昌.jpg Kenneth Leung Prof Commons Tax Consultant/
Accountant
London School of Economics and Political Science
Hong Kong Polytechnic University
2012 1962
GC New Territories West Alice Mak Mei-kuen.png Alice Mak FTU Legislative Councillor/
District Councillor
Chinese University of Hong Kong 2012 1971
GC New Territories West Kwok Ka-ki 2016.jpg Kwok Ka-ki Civic Urologist University of Hong Kong 2004 1961
GC Hong Kong Island Kwok Wai-keung.tif Kwok Wai-keung FTU Legislative Councillor/
District Councillor
Hong Kong Polytechnic University 2012 1978
FC Legal Dennis Kwok 2016.jpg Dennis Kwok Civic (Prof Commons) Barrister-at-law King's College, University of London
University of Hong Kong
2012 1978
FC Financial Services Christopher Cheung 2015.jpg Christopher Cheung BPA Securities Dealer City University of Hong Kong 2012 1953
GC New Territories East Fernando Cheung 2013.jpg Fernando Cheung Labour Lecturer Hong Kong Baptist University
California State University
University of California, Berkeley
2004 1957
GC Kowloon West Helena Wong.jpg Helena Wong Democratic Lecturer Chinese University of Hong Kong
University of California at Los Angeles
2012 1959
FC Education Ip Kin-yuen 2016.jpg Ip Kin-yuen PTU Legislative Councillor/
Teacher
University of Hong Kong 2012 1962
GC New Territories East Elizabeth Quat cut.jpg Elizabeth Quat DAB Legislative Councillor N/A 2012 1967
FC Commercial (Second) Pro-establishment-legislators-vow-to-block-oath (cropped).jpg Martin Liao Independent Barrister-at-law University College London 2012 1957
FC Labour Blanksvg.svg Poon Siu-ping FLU Trade Union Staff N/A 2012 1957
GC Kowloon West Chiang Lai-wan 2012.jpg Chiang Lai-wan DAB Legislative Councillor Concordia University
Chinese University of Hong Kong
Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
2012 1955
FC Engineering Lo Wai-kwok 2016.jpg Lo Wai-kwok BPA Engineer University of Hong Kong
Chinese University of Hong Kong
University of Warwick
2012 1953
FC Textiles and Garment Felix Chung 2015.jpg Chung Kwok-pan Liberal Merchant Robert Gordon University
Stirling University
2012 1963
GC New Territories East Alvin Yeung 2017 1.jpg Alvin Yeung Civic Barrister-at-law University of Western Ontario
Peking University
University of Bristol
University of Hong Kong
2016 1981
GC New Territories West Andrew Wan 2017-05.jpg Andrew Wan Democratic Legislative Councillor City University of Hong Kong
University of Essex
2016 1969
GC New Territories West Chu Hoi-dick 2017.jpg Eddie Chu Independent Community Organiser Chinese University of Hong Kong 2016 1977
FC Industrial (Second) Blanksvg.svg Jimmy Ng Independenta Company Director University of Hong Kong 2016 1970
GC New Territories West JuniusHo20180425 (cropped).jpg Junius Ho Independent Solicitor Anglia Ruskin University 2016 1962
FC Labour 工聯會何啟明 (cropped).jpg Ho Kai-ming FTU Legislative Councillor/
District Councillor
Chinese University of Hong Kong 2016 1985
GC New Territories East Lam Cheuk-ting 2017.jpg Lam Cheuk-ting Democratic Legislative Councillor/
District Councillor
Chinese University of Hong Kong 2016 1977
FC District Council (Second) Holdenchow.jpg Holden Chow DAB Solicitor London School of Economics and Political Science
University of Hong Kong
2016 1979
FC Wholesale and Retail Shiu Ka-fai in 2019.png Shiu Ka-fai Liberal Company Director University of Auckland 2016 1970
FC Social Welfare Shiu Ka-chun.jpg Shiu Ka-chun Independent University Teacher Hong Kong Baptist University 2016 1970
GC Kowloon East Wilson Or.png Wilson Or DAB Legislative Councillor N/A 2016 1973
GC New Territories East 不要將《逃犯條例》修法草案直接送交立法會大會.jpg Yung Hoi-yan NPP Barrister-at-law University of British Columbia
City University of Hong Kong
2016 1977
FC Medical Pierre Chan.png Pierre Chan Independent Doctor University of Hong Kong 2016 1976
FC Finance Blanksvg.svg Chan Chun-ying Independent Advisor Northeast Louisiana University 2016 1960
GC Hong Kong Island Tanya Chan.jpg Tanya Chan Civic Barrister-at-law University of Hong Kong 2008 1971
GC Hong Kong Island Horace Cheung.jpg Cheung Kwok-kwan DAB Solicitor City University of Hong Kong 2016 1974
GC Hong Kong Island 許智峯.jpg Hui Chi-fung Democratic Legislative Councillor City University of Hong Kong 2016 1982
FC Labour Michael Luk Chung-hung 2018 (cropped).jpg Luk Chung-hung FTU Legislative Councillor/
District Councillor
Open University of Hong Kong 2016 1978
FC District Council (First) LAU Kwok-fan 2012 (cropped).jpg Lau Kwok-fan DAB Legislative Councillor Chinese University of Hong Kong 2016 1981
FC Heung Yee Kuk Kenneth Lau.png Kenneth Lau BPA Merchant London School of Economics and Political Science 2016 1966
GC New Territories West Cheng Chung-tai.jpg Cheng Chung-tai Civic Passion Legislative Councillor Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Peking University
2016 1983
FC District Council (Second) Kwong Chun-yu 2016.jpg Kwong Chun-yu Democratic Legislative Councillor N/A 2016 1983
GC Kowloon East Jeremytam01.jpg Jeremy Tam Civic Pilot University of Queensland
University of New South Wales
2016 1975
GC Hong Kong Islandb Law Kwun Chung5.png Nathan Law Demosisto Legislative Councillor N/A 2016 1993
FC Architectural, Surveying, Planning and Landscapeb Edward Yiu.jpg Yiu Chung-yim Independent Lecturer University of Hong Kong 2016 1964
GC Kowloon Westb Lau Siu-lai VOA.jpg Lau Siu-lai Independent Lecturer Chinese University of Hong Kong 2016 1976
GC New Territories Eastb Sixtus Leung.jpg Sixtus Leung Youngspiration N/A City University of Hong Kong 2016 1986
GC Kowloon Westb Yau Wai-ching cut.jpg Yau Wai-ching Youngspiration N/A Lingnan University 2016 1991

Supplementary members[edit]

GC/
FC
Constituency Portrait Elected Members Elected Party Occupation Education First Assumed Office Born In
GC New Territories East Gary Fan 2015 portrait.jpg Gary Fan Neo Democrats Legislative Councillor/
District Councillor
Academy of Art University
San Francisco State University
2012 1966
GC Hong Kong Island Au Nok-hin 2017 1.jpg Au Nok-hin Independent Legislative Councillor/
District Councillor
Chinese University of Hong Kong 2018 1987
GC Kowloon West 香港立法會補選 民主派未奪回分組否決權5 (cropped).jpg Vincent Cheng DAB Legislative Councillor/
District Councillor
University of Auckland 2018 1979
FC Architectural, Surveying, Planning and Landscape Tony Tse Wai-chuen.png Tony Tse Independent Surveyor Hong Kong Polytechnic 2012 1954
GC Kowloon West Democrats-fail-to-regain-veto-power-7 (cropped).jpg Chan Hoi-yan Independent Legislative Councillor Hong Kong Baptist University 2018 1977

By-elections[edit]

Other changes[edit]

2016[edit]

2017[edit]

2018[edit]

Committees[edit]

Panels[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Andrew Leung becomes president of Hong Kong Legco after dispute over British nationality". South China Morning Post. 12 October 2016.
  2. ^ "19 minutes of chaos: Legco president calls pro-establishment camp walkout 'unfortunate', plans new oaths for localists". South China Morning Post. 19 October 2016.
  3. ^ "Democrats decry 'coup' as pro-Beijing lawmaker seeks to take over vetting of China extradition bill". Hong Kong Free Press. 6 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Hong Kong government condemns 'disorderly and uncontrollable conditions' after Legco chaos halts meeting of committee reviewing extradition bill". South China Morning Post. 11 May 2019.
  5. ^ "Hong Kong lawmaker Claudia Mo resigns from Civic Party citing 'differences' over localism and other issues". South China Morning Post. 14 November 2016.
  6. ^ "【新民黨分裂】直播田北辰宣佈退黨:因了解而分開". Apple Daily. 14 November 2016.
  7. ^ "政Whats噏:吳永嘉入工商界政黨 一餐飯決定". on.cc. 2018-12-22.