List of Olympic female gymnasts for the Soviet Union

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Gymnastics events have been staged at the Olympic Games since 1896.[1] Soviet female gymnasts participated in every Olympic Games from 1952 to 1988, except for 1984.[2] A total of 41 female gymnasts represented the Soviet Union. Soviet women won 88 medals at the Olympics – 9 in team all-around, 2 in team portable apparatus, 18 in individual all-around, 15 in balance beam, 17 in floor exercise, 15 in vault, and 12 in uneven bars. The medals included 33 golds.[3] The Soviet Union won the gold medal in team all-around in all nine Summer Olympics that they participated in.[2][4]

Eight Soviet female gymnasts won at least six medals at the Olympic Games: Larisa Latynina (18), Polina Astakhova (10), Ludmilla Tourischeva (9), Sofia Muratova (8), Maria Gorokhovskaya (7), Nellie Kim (6), Olga Korbut (6), and Tamara Manina (6).[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]

Competing at her only Olympics in 1952, Maria Gorokhovskaya won seven medals, setting a record for the most medals ever won in a single Olympics by a woman. She won golds in team all-around and individual all-around.[9]

Larisa Latynina competed at three Olympic Games from 1956 to 1964, and her 18 career Olympic medals is a record for any female athlete. She won six medals in each Olympics that she participated in. Nine of her medals were gold, and she won three straight floor exercise titles.[5][13][14] Polina Astakhova also competed at the 1956, 1960, and 1964 Games. She won 10 total medals and ranks second to Latynina for the most medals among Soviet female gymnasts. Astakhova won uneven bars gold medals in 1960 and 1964.[6]

Latynina's and Astakhova's teammates included Sofia Muratova and Tamara Manina. Muratova won eight total medals in 1956 and 1960, and Manina won six total medals in the 1956 and 1964 Games.[8][12]

Ludmilla Tourischeva competed at three Olympics and won nine total medals – one in 1968, four in 1972, and four in 1976. Her golds included the 1972 individual all-around.[15] Olga Korbut, who competed at her first Olympics in 1972, was popular with fans and the media for her daring moves. That year, she won four medals, including golds in balance beam and floor exercise. She won two more medals in 1976 and finished her career with six overall.[11] Nellie Kim, who competed at the 1976 and 1980 Olympics, also had six total medals. She won two golds in floor exercise.[16]

Gymnasts[edit]

Gymnast Years Gold Silver Bronze Total medals Ref.
Astakhova, PolinaPolina Astakhova 1956, 1960, 1964 5 2 3 10 [6]
Baitova, SvetlanaSvetlana Baitova 1988 1 0 0 1 [17]
Bocharova, NinaNina Bocharova 1952 2 2 0 4 [18]
Boginskaya, SvetlanaSvetlana Boginskaya 1988 2 1 1 4 [19]
Burda, LyubovLyubov Burda 1968, 1972 2 0 0 2 [20]
Danilova, PelageyaPelageya Danilova 1952 1 1 0 2 [21]
Davydova, YelenaYelena Davydova 1980 2 1 0 3 [22]
Filatova, MariaMaria Filatova 1976, 1980 2 0 1 3 [23]
Gorokhovskaya, MariaMaria Gorokhovskaya 1952 2 5 0 7 [9]
Gromova, LyudmilaLyudmila Gromova 1964 1 0 0 1 [24]
Grozdova, SvetlanaSvetlana Grozdova 1976 1 0 0 1 [25]
Ivanova, LidiyaLidiya Ivanova 1956, 1960 2 0 1 3 [26]
Jugeli, MedeyaMedeya Jugeli 1952 1 1 0 2 [27]
Kalinchuk, EkaterinaEkaterina Kalinchuk 1952 2 1 0 3 [28]
Karasyova, OlgaOlga Karasyova 1968 1 0 0 1 [29]
Kim, NellieNellie Kim 1976, 1980 5 1 0 6 [10]
Korbut, OlgaOlga Korbut 1972, 1976 4 2 0 6 [11]
Koshel, AntoninaAntonina Koshel 1972 1 0 0 1 [30]
Kuchinskaya, NataliaNatalia Kuchinskaya 1968 2 0 2 4 [31]
Latynina, LarisaLarisa Latynina 1956, 1960, 1964 9 5 4 18 [5]
Lazakovich, TamaraTamara Lazakovich 1972 1 1 2 4 [32]
Lashchenova, NataliaNatalia Lashchenova 1988 1 0 0 1 [33]
Manina, TamaraTamara Manina 1956, 1964 2 3 1 6 [12]
Minaicheva, GalinaGalina Minaicheva 1952 1 1 1 3 [34]
Muratova, SofiaSofia Muratova 1956, 1960 2 2 4 8 [8]
Naimushina, YelenaYelena Naimushina 1980 1 0 0 1 [35]
Nikolaeva, MargaritaMargarita Nikolaeva 1960 2 0 0 2 [36]
Petrik, LarisaLarisa Petrik 1968 2 0 1 3 [37]
Saadi, ElviraElvira Saadi 1972, 1976 2 0 0 2 [38]
Shamrai, GalinaGalina Shamrai 1952 1 1 0 2 [39]
Shaposhnikova, NataliaNatalia Shaposhnikova 1980 2 0 2 4 [40]
Shevchenko, YelenaYelena Shevchenko 1988 1 0 0 1 [41]
Shushunova, YelenaYelena Shushunova 1988 2 1 1 4 [42]
Strazheva, OlgaOlga Strazheva 1988 1 0 0 1 [43]
Tourischeva, LudmillaLudmilla Tourischeva 1968, 1972, 1976 4 3 2 9 [7]
Urbanovich, GalinaGalina Urbanovich 1952 1 1 0 2 [44]
Volchetskaya, ElenaElena Volchetskaya 1964 1 0 0 1 [45]
Voronina, ZinaidaZinaida Voronina 1968 1 1 2 4 [46]
Yegorova, LyudmilaLyudmila Yegorova 1956 1 0 1 2 [47]
Zakharova, StellaStella Zakharova 1980 1 0 0 1 [48]
Zamotaylova, TamaraTamara Zamotaylova 1960, 1964 2 0 2 4 [49]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gutman, Dan (1996). Gymnastics. Puffin Books. p. 8.
  2. ^ a b "Soviet Union Gymnastics Women's Team All-Around Results". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  3. ^ "Soviet Union Gymnastics". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  4. ^ Historical Dictionary of the Olympic Movement (2011). Scarecrow Press. p. 335.
  5. ^ a b c "Larysa Latynina". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c "Polina Astakhova". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  7. ^ a b "Lyudmila Turishcheva". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c "Sofiya Muratova". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c "Mariya Horokhovska". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  10. ^ a b "Nelli Kim". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c "Olga Korbut". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  12. ^ a b c "Tamara Manina". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  13. ^ Longman, Jere. "Phelps Tops Another Olympian, but at 77, She Grins". nytimes.com. July 31, 2012. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  14. ^ "With her all-time record set to fall, little-known Latynina looks back". sportsillustrated.cnn.com. July 10, 2012. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  15. ^ "Ludmilla Tourischeva". ighof.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  16. ^ "Nelli Kim". ighof.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  17. ^ "Svetlana Baitova". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  18. ^ "Nina Bocharova". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  19. ^ "Svetlana Boginskaya". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  20. ^ "Lyubov Burda". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  21. ^ "Pelageya Danilova". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  22. ^ "Yelena Davydova". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  23. ^ "Mariya Filatova". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  24. ^ "Lyudmila Gromova". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  25. ^ "Svetlana Grozdova". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  26. ^ "Lidiya Kalinina-Ivanova". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  27. ^ "Medeya Jugeli". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  28. ^ "Yekaterina Kalinchuk". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  29. ^ "Olga Karasyova". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  30. ^ "Antonina Koshel". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  31. ^ "Nataliya Kuchinskaya". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  32. ^ "Tamara Lazakovich". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  33. ^ "Natālija Laščonova". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  34. ^ "Galina Minaicheva". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  35. ^ "Yelena Naimushina". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  36. ^ "Marharyta Nikolaieva". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  37. ^ "Larisa Petrik". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  38. ^ "Elvira Saadi". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  39. ^ "Galina Shamray". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  40. ^ "Nataliya Shaposhnikova". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  41. ^ "Yelena Shevchenko". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  42. ^ "Yelena Shushunova". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  43. ^ "Olha Strazheva". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  44. ^ "Galina Urbanovich". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  45. ^ "Yelena Volchetskaya". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  46. ^ "Zinaida Voronina". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  47. ^ "Lyudmila Yegorova". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  48. ^ "Stella Zakharova". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  49. ^ "Tamara Lyukhina-Zamotaylova". sports-reference.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013.