Oksana Chusovitina

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Oksana Chusovitina
Оксана Чусовитина
Oksana Chusovitina - Islamic Solidarity Games 2021 Konya.jpg
Chusovitina at the Islamic Solidarity Games in 2022
Personal information
Full nameOksana Aleksandrovna Chusovitina
Country represented Uzbekistan
Former countries represented Germany (2006–2012)
 Uzbekistan (1993–2006)
Olympic flag.svg Unified Team (1992)
 CIS (1992)
 Soviet Union (until 1991)
Born (1975-06-19) 19 June 1975 (age 47)
Bukhara, Uzbek SSR, Soviet Union
Height1.53 m (5 ft 0 in)
DisciplineWomen's artistic gymnastics
LevelSenior international
Years on national teamSoviet Union (URS) 1988–1992
Uzbekistan (UZB) 1993–2005
Germany (GER) 2006–2012
Uzbekistan (UZB) 2013–present
ClubTurnteam Toyota Köln
Head coach(es)Svetlana Boguinskaya (personal)
Shanna Polyakova
Former coach(es)Svetlana Kuznetsova
MusicPhantom of the Opera (1996–2000)
The Godfather Theme (2007)
Pirates of the Caribbean (2006 & 2008)
Eponymous skillsHop-full pirouette, full out dismount (uneven bars); layout-full out (floor exercise)
World rankingVault: 1 (2016)[1]
(see archives)
Medal record

Oksana Aleksandrovna Chusovitina (Russian: Оксана Александровна Чусовитина; born 19 June 1975) is an eight-time Olympic gymnast who has competed for the Soviet Union, Uzbekistan, and Germany.

Chusovitina's career as an elite gymnast has spanned more than three decades. She won the USSR Junior Nationals in 1988 and began competing at the international level in 1989, before many of her current rivals were even born. She is the only gymnast ever to compete in eight Olympic Games, and is one of only two female gymnasts to compete at the Olympics under three different national teams: the Unified Team in 1992; Uzbekistan in 1996, 2000, 2004, 2016 and 2020; and Germany in 2008 and 2012. Chusovitina has also competed in 16 World Championships, four Asian Games and three Goodwill Games. Chusovitina holds the record for the most individual world championships medals on a single event (nine, on the vault). Chusovitina is a part of a small group of gymnasts to return to international competition after becoming a mother.

Soviet Union[edit]

Chusovitina began gymnastics in 1982.[2] In 1988, at the age of 13, she won the all-around title at the USSR National Championships in the junior division.

By 1990, Chusovitina was a vital member of the Soviet team, and was sent to compete in various international meets. She was the vault gold medalist at the 1990 Goodwill Games and nearly swept the 1990 World Sports Fair in Japan, winning the all-around and every event except the uneven bars. The following year she won the floor exercise at the 1991 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships and placed second on the vault. In 1992 Chusovitina competed at the Olympics with the Unified Team, shared in the team gold medal and placed seventh in the floor final. She also won her second World Championships vault medal, a bronze.

Uzbekistan[edit]

After the 1992 Olympics, when the former Soviet gymnasts returned to their home republics, Chusovitina began competing for Uzbekistan and continued training with Uzbekistan head coach Svetlana Kuznetsova, also her personal coach. Conditions at the national training facility in Tashkent were a far cry from the Soviet Round Lake training center, and Chusovitina was forced to practice on antiquated, and in some cases, unsafe equipment. In spite of this setback, she was able to consistently produce world-class routines.[3][4]

Chusovitina represented Uzbekistan from 1993 to 2006 and competed for them at the 1996, 2000 and 2004 Olympics, the 1994, 1998 and 2002 Asian Games and the 1994 and 2001 Goodwill Games. During this era she was the strongest gymnast on the Uzbekistan national team, earning more than 70 medals in international competitions and qualifying to the Olympics three times.

For her contributions to gymnastics, Chusovitina was granted the title of "Honored Athlete of the Republic of Uzbekistan" by the Uzbekistan Ministry of Cultural and Sports Affairs.[5] In 2001, she was named as the first WAG representative to the International Gymnastics Federation (FIG)'s Athletes' Commission.[6] In addition, Chusovitina graduated from the Sports University in Tashkent.[7]

In late 1997 Chusovitina married Uzbek Olympic wrestler Bakhodir Kurbanov,[8] whom she first met at the 1994 Asian Games in Hiroshima.[7] The couple's son, Alisher, was born in November 1999.[2][4]

Germany[edit]

In 2002, Alisher was diagnosed with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL).[9] Seeking advanced medical treatment for their son, Chusovitina and her husband accepted an offer of help from Shanna and Peter Brüggemann, head coaches of the Toyota Cologne club, and moved to Germany.[10] With prize money earned from gymnastics competitions, along with the help of the Brüggemanns and members of the international gymnastics community who fundraised and donated to the cause, Chusovitina was able to secure treatment for Alisher at the University of Cologne's hospital. [11][4][12][13] While Alisher underwent treatment in Cologne, Chusovitina trained with the German team.

Oksana Chusovitina in 2011

Uzbekistan released Chusovitina to compete for Germany in 2003. However, due to rules requiring three years of residency, she was unable to gain German citizenship immediately. From 2003 to 2006 she trained in Germany but continued to compete for Uzbekistan, representing her native country at the 2003 and 2005 World Championships and the 2004 Olympics. In 2003, 12 years after her world championships debut, Chusovitina won the gold medal on the vault at that year's world championships in Anaheim.[9]

In 2006, Chusovitina obtained German citizenship.[10] Her first competition for Germany was the 2006 World Championships, where she won a bronze medal on the vault and placed ninth in the all-around.[14]

In July 2007, she won the all-around title at the 2007 German National Championships.[15] At her first European Championships, she placed second on the vault.[16] At the 2007 World Championships in Stuttgart, Chusovitina helped the German squad to a 10th-place finish in the preliminary round, which qualified them to send a full team to the 2008 Olympics in Beijing, where she was the oldest female competitor in her discipline.[4] She qualified for the vault event final where she finished in 2nd place, thus earning the first individual Olympic medal of her career. Chusovitina competed on three events at the 2008 Women's European Championships in Clermont-Ferrand, France, helping the German team to a seventh-place finish in the team finals. In the vault event final, she defeated reigning European champion Carlotta Giovannini to win the gold medal.[17]

At the 2008 Olympics, the German team placed 12th in the qualifying round of competition. Chusovitina qualified to the individual all-around final, where she placed ninth overall.[18] She also qualified in fourth place for the vault final.[19] In the vault final, she won the silver medal with a score of 15.575.[20]

Despite earlier claims that she would attempt to compete in the London 2012 Summer Olympics, Chusovitina announced in April 2009 that she intended to only participate in the 2009 World Gymnastics Championships in October, and that she would not continue. The championships, she stated, are "enough."[21]

However, she returned to compete in some competitions in 2010 (including the 2010 Houston National Invitational). She won the silver medal on vault at the 2011 European Championships, the 2011 World Championships and the 2012 European Championships.

Chusovitina competed at the 2012 Summer Olympics for Germany.[22] The games were a remarkable sixth Olympics for Chusovitina, who qualified for the vault final where she placed in fifth behind her German teammate, Janine Berger. Afterward Oksana declared she would retire as a gymnast and concentrate on coaching.[23]

However, instead of retiring, Oksana switched back to competing for Uzbekistan. She competed at the 2016 and 2020 Olympics. She has stated her goal is to win an Olympic medal on vault for Uzbekistan, because she’s already won medals for the Unified Team and Germany, but not for her home country.

Recent years[edit]

Despite her statements in 2012, Chusovitina ultimately returned the following year and announced plans to continue competing through the Rio 2016 Summer Olympics.[24] She went on to qualify an individual place for Uzbekistan at a qualifying event in Rio de Janeiro in April 2016.[25] By competing, she set a record as the oldest gymnast to ever compete at the Olympic Games at the age of 41 and 2 months and the only gymnast ever to compete in seven consecutive Olympiads, surpassing the record of six that she set in 2012 with Yordan Yovchev of Bulgaria. Following those Olympics, Chusovitina announced that she would continue her career with the intention of competing in the 2020 Olympics in Tokyo [26]

After competing solely on vault for several years, Chusovitina announced in 2018 that she would begin competing all-around again.[27]

Chusovitina (center) and team Uzbekistan at the 2021 Islamic Solidarity Games

Chusovitina competed at the 2019 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships in order to qualify for Tokyo. She had a rough turn in qualifications, falling on her second vault and on balance beam,[28] but despite these errors, she ended up ranked just high enough in the all-around standings to secure one of the last all-around berths to the Olympics from that event.[29] She was selected as a flag bearer for Uzbekistan at the 2020 Summer Olympics opening ceremony, but was then replaced just few hours before the ceremony.[30] Her final day of competition on 25 July 2021 in Tokyo saw her fail to qualify for the finals in Vault.

Despite stating that she would retire following the delayed 2020 Olympic Games, she later stated that she would return to training for the 2022 Asian Games, which ended up being postponed indefinitely due to the pandemic. She then won a gold medal on vault at Doha World Cup Event in 2022, and won the vault again at the 2022 Uzbekistan National Championships. When asked how the postponement of the Asian games would influence her training plans, she stated that her goal now is to continue training and compete in the 2024 Olympic Games in Paris, France. This would be her 9th Summer Olympic Games. Chusovitina competed at the postponed Islamic Solidarity Games in 2022 alongside Dildora Aripova and Ominakhon Khalilova. They finished second as a team behind Turkey. Individually Chusovitina won gold on vault.

Eponymous skills[edit]

Chusovitina has five eponymous skills in the Code of Points.[31]

Apparatus Name Description Difficulty[a]
Vault Chusovitina Handspring forward on - piked salto forward with 1/1 turn (360°) off 4.4
Vault Chusovitina[b] Handspring forward on - stretched salto forward with 1½ turn (540°) off 5.4
Uneven Bars Chusovitina Giant circle backward to handstand with hop 1/1 turn (360°) in handstand phase D
Uneven Bars Chusovitina Swing forward to double salto backward tucked with 1/1 turn (360°) in second salto D
Floor Exercise Chusovitina-Touzhikova Double salto backward stretched with 1/1 turn (360°) H
  1. ^ Valid for the 2022–2024 Code of Points
  2. ^ Also referred to as a Rudi

Competitive history[edit]

Chusovitina on a 2001 Uzbek stamp
Year Event Team AA VT UB BB FX
1988 USSR Championships (junior) 1st place, gold medalist(s)
1989 Cottbus International 9 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
1990 Goodwill Games 1st place, gold medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s)
World Sports Fair 1st place, gold medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s)
USSR Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s)
USSR Championships 6
1991
World Championships 1st place, gold medalist(s) 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Chunichi Cup 8
USSR Championships 4
Blume Memorial 8
1992 World Stars 15 1st place, gold medalist(s) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
World Championships 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) 7
Olympic Games 1st place, gold medalist(s) 7
1993 DTB Cup 4 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Kosice International 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
Massilia Gym Cup 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
World Championships 18 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) 8
1994 Swiss Cup 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) 6 1st place, gold medalist(s) 5
Goodwill Games 5 5 5 4
Asian Games 4 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) 4
1995 Cottbus International 5 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 5 5
DTB Cup 4 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 5 4
World Championships 19 6
Arthur Gander Memorial 3rd place, bronze medalist(s)
Swiss Cup 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s)
1996 American Cup 3rd place, bronze medalist(s)
International Mixed Pairs 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
Cottbus International 4 5 7 1st place, gold medalist(s)
DTB Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s) 4 4 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Arthur Gander Memorial 3rd place, bronze medalist(s)
Swiss Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s) 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Olympic Games 10
1997 American Cup 4
World Stars 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) 6
Cottbus International 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s)
1998
Asian Games 4 8 6
Arthur Gander Memorial 1st place, gold medalist(s)
2000 DTB Cup 4 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 4
Olympic Games 45 25
2001 World Stars 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s)
Cottbus World Cup 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 5
DTB Cup 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 7 4 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Arthur Gander Memorial 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Goodwill Games 4 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s) 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
World Championships 19 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
2002 American Cup 4
WOGA Classic 1st place, gold medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s) 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s) 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
Cottbus World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s) 5 6
Arthur Gander Memorial 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
Asian Games 5 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s) 4 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s)
World Championships 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) 8 6
World Cup Final 1st place, gold medalist(s) 5 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) 4
2003 Cottbus World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s) 4 4 5
DTB Cup 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 6 6
Arthur Gander Memorial 3rd place, bronze medalist(s)
Swiss Cup 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
World Championships 1st place, gold medalist(s)
2004 Cottbus World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s) 6
Olympic Games 23
2005 Glasgow World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s) 7 6
Sao Paolo World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s) 7 5
World Championships 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
2006 Arthur Gander Memorial 3rd place, bronze medalist(s)
Stuttgart World Cup 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s)
Moscow World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s)
Ghent World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s) 4 5
Cottbus World Cup 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
World Championships 9 3rd place, bronze medalist(s)
Swiss Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s)
2007
European Championships 6 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 6
German Championships 1st place, gold medalist(s)
World Championships 6
Stuttgart World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Moscow World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Cottbus World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Swiss Cup 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
2008
European Championships 7 1st place, gold medalist(s) 6
German Championships 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Doha World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s) 6
Cottbus World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s)
Olympic Games 9 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
2010 Cottbus World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Moscow World Cup 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s)
European Championships 12
SUI-GER-ROU Friendly 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
World Championships
2011 Cottbus World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s)
SUI-GER-ROU Friendly 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
European Championships 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
World Championships 6 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
2012 German Championships 16 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s)
European Championships 8 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
Olympic Games 5
Stuttgart World Cup 3rd place, bronze medalist(s)
Toyota International 4 6 4
GER-GBR-ROU Friendly 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
2013 Internationaux de France 3rd place, bronze medalist(s)
La Roche-sur-Yon World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Cottbus World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Gym Festival Trnava 1st place, gold medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s) 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
Anadia World Cup 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
World Championships 5
Mexican Open 3rd place, bronze medalist(s)
2014
Asian Games 5 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
Joaquin Blume Memorial 5
Mexican Open 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s) 8 4 4
2015 Houston National Invitational 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s) 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
Cottbus World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Ljubljana World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Varna World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s) 8 4
World Championships 13
Toyota International 7 5 6
2016 Houston National Invitational 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s)
WOGA Classic 3rd place, bronze medalist(s)
Baku World Challenge Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s) 8
Cottbus World Challenge Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s) 6 4
Olympic Test Event 45 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
Mersin World Challenge Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s) 4 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
Olympic Games 7
2nd Bundesliga (3rd League) 1st place, gold medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s) 5 1st place, gold medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Mexican Open 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s)
2017 International Gymnix 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 6
Baku World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Doha World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s) 8
Islamic Solidarity Games 1st place, gold medalist(s) 5
Szombathely Challenge Cup 6
Paris Challenge Cup 4
World Championships 5
2nd Bundesliga (2rd League) 1st place, gold medalist(s) 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Cottbus World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Voronin Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s)
2018 Houston National Invitational 1st place, gold medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s) 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Baku World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s)
Doha World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Osijek Challenge Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Asian Games 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
Paris Challenge Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s)
World Championships 4
Arthur Gander Memorial 1st place, gold medalist(s) 8
Swiss Cup 5
Cottbus World Cup 5
2019 Melbourne World Cup 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 8
Baku World Cup 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
Doha World Cup 5
Zhaoqing Challenge Cup 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
Korea Cup 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 4
Paris Challenge Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s)
World Championships 12
2021 Varna Challenge Cup 3rd place, bronze medalist(s)
Doha World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Olympic Games 14
2022 Doha World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Cairo World Cup 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
Baku World Cup 1st place, gold medalist(s)
Asian Championships 6 5
Islamic Solidarity Games 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s)
2023 Cottbus World Cup

Chusovitina also won the 1994 Goodwill Games Mixed Pairs Silver Medal with Yevgeny Shabayev, Aleksei Voropayev and Elena Grosheva.[citation needed]

Year-end world rankings[edit]

Vault[edit]

2010: #9[32]
2011: #1[33]
2013: #1[34]
2015: #1[35]

Beam[edit]

2010: #28
2013: #24
2015: #45

Floor[edit]

2015: #7

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Women's Artistic Gymnastics World Ranking Lists". Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. Archived from the original on 21 January 2017.
  2. ^ a b "In our Spotlight: Oksana Chusovitina". International Gymnast. February 2001. Archived from the original on 17 April 2001. Retrieved 24 June 2008.
  3. ^ "Photo report on the Tashkent Training Center". Official Team UZB Web. Archived from the original on 1 June 2000. Retrieved 24 June 2008.
  4. ^ a b c d Turner, Amanda (19 June 2008). "Ageless Chusovitina Turns 33". International Gymnast. Archived from the original on 20 August 2008. Retrieved 24 June 2008.
  5. ^ "Our Stars". Ministry of Cultural and Sports Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Archived from the original on 3 September 2006. Retrieved 24 June 2008.
  6. ^ "IG Online interview: Oksana Chusovitina". International Gymnast. 2001. Archived from the original on 6 October 2001. Retrieved 24 June 2008.
  7. ^ a b "For petite gymnast, burly wrestler, it was a match made at the Games". Associated Press. 6 October 2002. Archived from the original on 4 December 2008. Retrieved 24 June 2008.
  8. ^ Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Oksana Chusovitina". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020.
  9. ^ a b "German women, Chusovitina, tune up in Utah". International Gymnast. 31 July 2003. Archived from the original on 27 February 2004. Retrieved 24 June 2008.
  10. ^ a b Wessel, Markus (31 January 2007). "Kleine Frau, großes Herz". WDR.DE. Archived from the original on 11 April 2008. Retrieved 24 June 2008.
  11. ^ Pearce, Linda (22 November 2005). "Love for her son drives Olympic medallist on". The Age. Retrieved 24 June 2008.
  12. ^ "Gymnastics community rallies to help sick child". International Gymnast. 26 October 2002. Archived from the original on 21 November 2002. Retrieved 24 June 2008.
  13. ^ "Oxana Chusovitina spurred on by son's illness". Reuters. October 2002. Archived from the original on 12 April 2008. Retrieved 24 June 2008.
  14. ^ "Uzbekistan veteran Chusovitina to compete for Germany". Xinhua/People's Daily Online. 15 October 2006. Retrieved 24 June 2008.
  15. ^ "Chusovitina, Hambüchen Win German Nationals". International Gymnast. 22 July 2007. Retrieved 24 June 2008.
  16. ^ "Chusovitina springt unglücklich an Gold vorbei". Sport.de. 6 April 2007. Archived from the original on 12 April 2008. Retrieved 24 June 2008.
  17. ^ Turner, Amanda (6 April 2008). "Four Nations Golden as Europeans Conclude". International Gymnast. Archived from the original on 9 April 2008. Retrieved 24 June 2008.
  18. ^ "Results – All Around Women's Individual Final". The Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad. 15 August 2008. Archived from the original on 18 August 2008. Retrieved 15 August 2008.
  19. ^ "Team qualifying round apparatus scores". NBC Olympics. 10 August 2008. Archived from the original on 17 August 2008. Retrieved 13 August 2008.
  20. ^ "Vault event final scores". NBC Olympics. 17 August 2008. Archived from the original on 18 August 2008. Retrieved 17 August 2008.
  21. ^ "Chusovitina hat das Ende ihrer Karriere vor Augen". Focus Magazin. 9 April 2009. Retrieved 9 April 2009.
  22. ^ Sancetta, Amy (26 July 2012). "At 37, gymnast Chusovitina still a medal contender". USA Today. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  23. ^ Gymnastics: Chusovitina ends inspirational career happy, healthy. Reuters, 5 August 2012
  24. ^ OLYMPIC IDOL AWARD for Oksana Chusovitina … and her sensational remarks ...! GYMmedia, 31 October 2012
  25. ^ "Oksana Chusovitina set to be oldest Olympic female gymnast of all time". 18 April 2016.
  26. ^ LiubovB (15 September 2017). "For Chusovitina, the 2017 Worlds are the first step to Tokyo". Gymnovosti. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  27. ^ "Oksana Chusovitina To Compete AA In 2018 With New Bar Skill". www.flogymnastics.com. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  28. ^ "44-year-old gymnast has to wait to see if she qualified for Tokyo Olympics". USA Today.
  29. ^ LIST OF THE ARTISTIC GYMNASTICS 2020 OLYMPIC QUALIFIERS. gymnasticsresults.com
  30. ^ LiubovB (24 July 2021). "Chusovitina was replaced as Uzbekistan's flag bearer". Gymnovosti. Retrieved 8 August 2021.
  31. ^ "2022–2024 Code of Points Women's Artistic Gymnastics" (PDF). International Gymnastics Federation. pp. 206–211. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  32. ^ Women’s Artistic Gymnastics World Ranking 2010. Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique
  33. ^ Women’s Artistic Gymnastics World Ranking 2011. Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique
  34. ^ Women’s Artistic Gymnastics World Ranking 2013. Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique
  35. ^ "Women's Artistic Gymnastics World Ranking 2013" (PDF). Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 January 2017.

External links[edit]