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List of monarchs of Tonga

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King of Tonga
Tupou VI
since 18 March 2012
StyleHis Majesty
Heir apparentTupoutoʻa ʻUlukalala
First monarchGeorge Tupou I
FormationDecember 4, 1845; 178 years ago (1845-12-04)
ResidenceRoyal Palace, Nukuʻalofa

This is a list of monarchs of Tonga since 1845, after the Constitution of Tonga established the role of the monarch. The first constitutional monarch of Tonga was George Tupou I.

2008 cession of powers[edit]

Three days before his coronation on 1 August 2008, then-King George Tupou V announced that he would relinquish most of his powers and be guided by the Prime Minister of Tonga's recommendations on most matters.[1]

Budget allocation to monarchy[edit]

Annual budget allocation to monarchy is T$ 4,894,900 (c. US$2,116,799).[2]

Lists of earlier monarchs of Tonga[edit]

  • Tuʻi Tonga, rulers of Tonga from c. 950 to c. 1470.
  • Tuʻi Haʻatakalaua, rulers of Tonga from c. 1470 to c. 1800.
  • Tuʻi Kanokupolu, rulers of Tonga from c. 1800 to the present day. George Tupou I, the first constitutional monarch of Tonga, was the 19th Tuʻi Kanokupolu.

List of monarchs of Tonga (1845–present)[edit]

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
George Tupou I(1797-12-04)4 December 1797 – 18 February 1893(1893-02-18) (aged 95)4 December 184518 February 1893Son of Tupoutoʻa, 17th Tuʻi KanokupoluTupouGeorge Tupou I of Tonga
George Tupou II(1874-06-18)18 June 1874 – 5 April 1918(1918-04-05) (aged 43)18 February 18935 April 1918Double Great-grandson of George Tupou ITupouGeorge Tupou II of Tonga
Sālote Tupou III(1900-03-13)13 March 1900 – 16 December 1965(1965-12-16) (aged 65)5 April 191816 December 1965Daughter of George Tupou IITupouSālote Tupou III of Tonga
Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV(1918-07-04)4 July 1918 – 10 September 2006(2006-09-10) (aged 88)16 December 196510 September 2006Son of Sālote Tupou IIITupouTāufaʻāhau Tupou IV of Tonga
George Tupou V(1948-05-04)4 May 1948 – 18 March 2012(2012-03-18) (aged 63)11 September 200618 March 2012Son of Tāufaʻahau Tupou IVTupouGeorge Tupou V of Tonga
Tupou VI (1959-07-12) 12 July 1959 (age 64)18 March 2012IncumbentSon of Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV & Brother of George Tupou VTupouTupou VI of Tonga


Tupou VIGeorge Tupou VTāufaʻāhau Tupou IVSālote Tupou IIIGeorge Tupou IIGeorge Tupou I

Royal standards[edit]

Family tree[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Tonga's king to cede key powers" Archived 8 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine, BBC, 29 July 2008
  2. ^ "King Of Tonga Assents To Parliament's $170 Million Budget - Pacific Islands Report". www.pireport.org. Archived from the original on 28 June 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2020.

External links[edit]