List of individual apes

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Napoleon and Sally, 1916 film

This is a list of nonhuman apes of encyclopedic interest. It includes individual apes (chimpanzees, gorillas, orangutans, bonobos and gibbons) that are in some way famous or notable.

Actors and actresses[edit]


  • Congo (1954–1964)—chimpanzee, abstract impressionist of the late 1950s
  • Koko (1971–2018)—gorilla, widely believed to be able to communicate with humans through sign language
  • Michael (1973–2000)—silverback gorilla, impressionist painter, was taught American sign language with Koko
  • Peter, aka Pierre Brassau, a chimpanzee, was the subject of a famous hoax through which the chimp's paintings were presented as the avant-garde works of unknown French (human) artist "Pierre Brassau".

Science and exploration[edit]

  • Abang (born 1966)—orangutan, taught to use and make a stone tool (cutting flake)
  • Ai (born 1976)—chimpanzee, studied by scientists at Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University
  • Bonnie—orangutan, began whistling (mimicking an animal caretaker), which is changing ideas about primate sound repertoires
  • Chantek (1977–2017)—orangutan, involved with language research and ApeNet language-using great ape ambassador
  • Clint—chimpanzee, source of DNA for Chimpanzee Genome Project, Yerkes Primate Center[19]
  • Cooper—chimpanzee, studied by Renato Bender and Nicole Bender for swimming and diving behavior in apes [20]
  • Digit — mountain gorilla (died 1977) - Gorilla researcher Dian Fossey's favorite mountain gorilla, for whom a charity fund is named to help protect mountain gorillas
  • Enos (died 1962)—chimpanzee, spacefaring, after Ham
  • Flo (died 1972)—chimpanzee, key member of the Kasakela Chimpanzee Community studied by Jane Goodall; received an obituary in the Sunday Times
  • Frodo (1976–2013)—chimpanzee, baby-eating "bully", attacked Jane Goodall and Gary Larson
  • Gua—chimpanzee; raised as a child by the Drs. Kellogg alongside their son Donald
  • Ham (1956–1983)—chimpanzee; spacefaring, before Enos
  • Jenny—orangutan, encountered and described by Charles Darwin in March 1838 at London Zoo.[21]
  • Kanzi (born 1980)—bonobo, involved with language research and tool invention, ApeNet language-using great ape ambassador
  • Koko (1971–2018)—gorilla, involved with sign language research and ApeNet language-using great ape ambassador
  • Lana—chimpanzee, reared at Yerkes National Primate Research Center as part of its language analogue project
  • Lucy—chimpanzee, cross-fostered and raised by University of Oklahoma psychotherapist
  • Nim Chimpsky (1973–2000)—chimpanzee, named after linguist Noam Chomsky
  • Nyota (born 1998)—bonobo, Panbanisha's son
  • Oliver (1957-2012)—chimpanzee, the so-called "Missing Link", apparent "humanzee"
  • Panbanisha—bonobo at the same research center as Kanzi
  • Sarah (b. 1962)—research primate whose cognitive skills are documented in The Mind of an Ape
  • Sultan—chimpanzee, used in classic Kohler tool-use studies
  • Suryia—orangutan, studied by Renato Bender and Nicole Bender for swimming and diving behavior in apes [20]
  • Titus (1974–2009)—gorilla, an extensively observed silverback mountain gorilla
  • Washoe (1965–2007)—chimpanzee, pioneer ape of hand-signing research

Zoo notables[edit]

  • Alfred (1928-1940) lived in Bristol Zoo.
  • Ah Meng (1960–2008) was a female Sumatran orangutan and a tourism icon of Singapore.
  • Bill (1946–2007), a long-lived chimpanzee, resided at Sequoia Park Zoo in Eureka, California for 50 years.[22]
  • Binti Jua, a gorilla, saved a boy in 1996.
  • Bobo (1951–1968), a western lowland gorilla, lived in the Lowman family home in Anacortes, Washington from his infancy until 1953, and then Woodland Park Zoo in Seattle until his death.
  • Bokito (born 1996), a silverback gorilla, escaped from the Blijdorp Zoo on 18 May 2007 and injured a woman.
  • Bushman, a famous gorilla from Chicago's Lincoln Park Zoo, died in 1951. While alive, he brought over 100 million visitors to the zoo; his taxidermic remains can now be seen at Chicago's Field Museum of Natural History.[23]
  • Charles (born 1972), a wild-born silverback western lowland gorilla, resides at the Toronto Zoo and since 1974 has been renowned for his artwork.
  • Charlie the Chimp (1958–2010), a chimpanzee in a South African Zoo, was taught to smoke and was able to walk upright.[24]
  • Colo (1956–2017) was both the first gorilla born in captivity and, living to be 60, the oldest gorilla in captivity. She was born in the Columbus Zoo and lived there her entire life.
  • Fifi, the matriarch of the chimpanzees at Sydney's Taronga Zoo, died on July 19, 2007 at age 60.[25]
  • Gust (1952–1988) was a Congolese gorilla that became an icon of the Antwerp Zoo
  • Guy the Gorilla (1946–1978) was a famous gorilla in London Zoo.
  • Harambe (1999–2016) was a gorilla shot dead by the Cincinnati Zoo after a child fell into his enclosure.[26] This would eventually lead to the deceased ape becoming a popular Internet meme.
  • Jabari, a 300-lb. gorilla at the Dallas Zoo, received national attention when, on Mar. 18, 2004, he escaped and attacked four people, including a toddler during a 40-minute rampage inside the jungle exhibit before being shot to death by police. He was the son of Charles the Gorilla.[27]
  • Jambo (1961–1992), a gorilla, cared for a boy who fell into his enclosure.
  • Jenny (1953–2008), a western lowland gorilla, lived at the Dallas Zoo from 1957 until her death, and was the oldest gorilla in captivity at the time of her death.
  • Julius (born 1979), a chimpanzee at Kristiansand Zoo and Amusement Park known for living his childhood with a human family.
  • Jumoke (1989–2008)—western lowland gorilla and the granddaughter of Colo
  • Karen (born 1992), a Sumatran orangutan, who was the first zoo animal to have open heart surgery at San Diego Zoo in 1994.[28]
  • Ken Allen (1971–2000)—Bornean orangutan at the San Diego Zoo known for his escape artistry
  • Louie (chimpanzee) (2004–2011) — Louie was retired to the LRZ by his owners after a career in the entertainment industry. He was retired to LRZ with his older brother, Mikey.
  • Massa (1930–1984) — silverback, one of the longest-lived gorilla ever recorded, and second-longest-lived male in captivity, died at age 54
  • Max (1971–2004) — gorilla in the Johannesburg Zoo, famously apprehended a criminal in 1997, getting shot twice in the process
  • Pattycake (1972–2013), first baby gorilla born in New York, mother of 10, later died in captivity at Bronx Zoo
  • Phil, was a lowland gorilla in the St. Louis Zoo. He arrived as a toddler on September 10, 1941, and died as a 525 lb. silverback on December 1, 1958.[29]
  • Samson (1949–1981)—for many years the face of the Milwaukee County Zoo, one of the largest silverback gorillas on record, weighing 652 lbs. in 1973[30]
  • Santino, a male chimpanzee at Furuvik zoo in Sweden, was notable for having the cognitive skills for forward planning (calmly collecting stones, and later throwing them at visitors).
  • Sebastian—former resident of the animal orphanage near Nairobi National Park, Kenya, famous for smoking and not requiring a cage.[31]
  • Shabani, a male Western lowland gorilla known for his "photogenic" and "metrosexual" appearance, as well as his talent for tightrope walking. Currently resides at the Higashiyama Zoo in Nagoya, Japan.
  • Snowflake (1964–2003), the only known albino lowland gorilla.
  • Temara (born 1993), the first zoo-reared female Sumatran orangutan, was released into Bukit Tigapuluh National Park by Perth Zoo in 2006.[32]
  • Timmy (gorilla) (1959-2011), died at 52 as the oldest male gorilla in North America
  • Willie B. (1959–2000), a silverback gorilla kept in isolation for 27 years, became head of a troop and father of five.
  • Yeroen, a chimpanzee at the Arnhem Zoo, was the star of de Waal's Chimpanzee Politics.[33]

Circus use[edit]

As "politicians"[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Tribune, Chicago. "Free Bam Bam". Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  2. ^ "Our Primates". Monkey World. Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  3. ^ Clara on IMDb
  4. ^ Working with the Daggit of Battlestar Galactica on IMDb
  5. ^ "Angela Cartwright - Interview". Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  6. ^ "News | Lincoln Park Zoo". Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  7. ^ "Mowgli the Chimpanzee". Center for Great Apes. Archived from the original on 2012-06-11.
  8. ^ Slide, Anthony (1998). The New Historical Dictionary of the American Film Industry. Routledge. p. 106.
  9. ^ Cross, Megan (2012-04-18). "Disney Chimpanzee Documentary Movie Review, Jane Goodall". Global Animal. Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  10. ^ A Salute to Peggy - TCM CLASSIC FILM UNION Blog post
  11. ^ Project X on IMDb
  12. ^ Sam (XVII) (1989–2010) on IMDb
  13. ^ "Products Page | Ed Sullivan Show". Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  14. ^ Tango the Orangutan - Center for Great Apes Resident Archived 2012-06-11 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ "Pets & Their People: Movie chimps train the stars. - Free Online Library". Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  16. ^ "Las Vegas News | Breaking News & Headlines". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  17. ^ "Woman in surgery 7 hours after chimp attack". 2009-02-21. Archived from the original on 2009-02-21.
  18. ^ Phenomena (1985) - IMDb, retrieved 2019-07-11
  19. ^ Caswell, J. L.; Mallick, S.; Richter, D. J.; Neubauer, J.; Schirmer, C.; Gnerre, S.; Reich, D. (2008). McVean, Gil (ed.). "Analysis of Chimpanzee History Based on Genome Sequence Alignments". PLoS Genetics. 4 (4): e1000057. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1000057. PMC 2278377. PMID 18421364.
  20. ^ a b "Chimpanzees, Orangutans Can Swim and Dive, Biologists Prove | Biology |". Breaking Science News | Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  21. ^ Weiner, Jonathan. "Darwin at the Zoo". Scientific American. Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  22. ^ Mintz, Daniel. "Saga of an Ape — The surprising true story of the late Bill the Chimp". North Coast Journal. Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  23. ^ Bushman, Lincoln Park Zoo gorilla died on New Year's Day in 1951 | WBEZ 91.5 Chicago Archived 2013-05-13 at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ Newling, Dan; October 7, Telegraph; 2010. "RIP: Charlie the Smoking Chimp, 1958-2010 | RealClearScience". Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  25. ^ "Chimpanzee matriarch dies in Sydney zoo". Los Angeles Times. 2007-07-21. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  26. ^ "Cincinnati Zoo Devastated by Death of... - Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden | Facebook". Retrieved 2016-05-30.
  27. ^ "Gorilla's escape, violent rampage stun zoo officials". 2004-03-19. Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  28. ^ "Karen". San Diego Zoo Centennial. 18 March 2015. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  29. ^ "Phil the Gorilla | Saint Louis Zoo". Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  30. ^ "Memories of Samson the Gorilla | Zoological Society of Milwaukee". Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  31. ^ Standard Digital News - Kenya : Magazines : Nairobi animal orphanage
  32. ^ Temara | Perth Zoo
  33. ^ Syndicate, Duncan Maxwell Anderson Reprinted from Success! magazine Distributed by Los Angeles Times. "APES IN THE OFFICE: IT`S A JUNGLE IN THERE". Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  34. ^ David, F.; Jamel, A. "Fundação RIOZOO" (in Portuguese). Prefeitura da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro. Retrieved 2013-02-13.
  35. ^ Garnick, Darren. "Hillary Cried Here: An Unconventional Tourist Guide to the N.H. Primary". Tourist Guide to the N.H. Primary. The Atlantic. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
  36. ^ "The Sun". The Sun. Retrieved 2019-07-11.