List of cooling baths

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This page contains a list of cooling bath mixtures.

Table[edit]

Cooling Agent Organic Solvent or Salt T (°C) Notes
Dry ice p-Xylene +13 [1]
Dry ice p-Dioxane +12
Dry ice Cyclohexane +6
Dry ice Benzene +5
Dry ice Formamide +2
Ice Water 0
Ice Ammonium chloride -5 0.3 to 1 ratio of salt to ice.
Liquid N2 Aniline -6
Ice Sodium thiosulfate pentahydrate -8 1.1 to 1 ratio of salt to ice.
Ice Calcium chloride hexahydrate -10 1 to 2.5 ratio of salt to ice.
Liquid N2 Ethylene glycol -10
Ice Acetone -10 1 to 1 ratio of acetone to ice
Liquid N2 Cycloheptane -12
Dry ice Benzyl alcohol -15
Dry ice Ethylene glycol -15
Ice Sodium chloride -20 1 to 3 ratio of salt to ice.
Dry ice Tetrachloroethylene -22
Dry ice Carbon Tetrachloride -23
Dry ice 1,3-Dichlorobenzene -25
Dry ice o-Xylene -29
Liquid N2 Bromobenzene -30
Dry ice m-Toluidine -32
Dry ice 3-Heptanone -38
Ice Calcium chloride hexahydrate -40 1 to 0.8 ratio of salt to ice.
Dry ice Acetonitrile -41
Dry ice Pyridine -42
Dry ice Cyclohexanone -46
Dry ice m-Xylene -47
Dry ice Diethyl carbitol -52
Dry ice n-Octane -56
Dry ice Isopropyl Ether -60
Dry ice Chloroform -61
Liquid N2 Chloroform -63 [2]
Dry ice Ethanol -72 Note: without the addition of ethylene glycol, temp is -78
Dry ice Trichloroethylene -73
Dry ice Isopropyl alcohol -77
Liquid N2 Butyl acetate -77
Dry ice Acetone -78
Liquid N2 Isoamyl acetate -79
Dry ice Sulfur dioxide -82
Liquid N2 Ethyl Acetate -84
Liquid N2 n-Butanol -89
Liquid N2 Hexane -94
Liquid N2 Acetone -94
Liquid N2 Toluene -95
Liquid N2 Methanol -98
Liquid N2 Cyclohexene -104
Liquid N2 Isooctane -107
Liquid N2 Ethyl iodide -109
Liquid N2 Carbon disulfide -110
Liquid N2 Butyl bromide -112
Liquid N2 Ethanol -116
Liquid N2 Ethyl bromide -119
Liquid N2 Acetaldehyde -124
Liquid N2 Methylcyclohexane -126
Liquid N2 n-Propanol -127
Liquid N2 n-Pentane -131
Liquid N2 1,5-Hexadiene -141
Liquid N2 Isopentane -160
Liquid N2 (none) -196
Liquid He (none) -269

References[edit]

  • Lee, Do W.; Jensen, Craig M. (2000). "Dry-Ice Bath Based on Ethylene Glycol Mixtures". J. Chem. Educ. 77: 629. doi:10.1021/ed077p629.
  • Phipps, Alan M.; Hume, David N. (1968). "General purpose low temperature dry-ice baths". J. Chem. Educ. 45: 664. Bibcode:1968JChEd..45..664P. doi:10.1021/ed045p664.
  • Rondeau, Roger E. (1966). "Slush baths". Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data. 11: 124. doi:10.1021/je60028a037.